Queen Hyohyeon

Queen Hyohyeon (27 April 1828 – 18 October 1843) (Hangul: 효현왕후 김씨, Hanja: 孝顯王后 金氏) of the Andong Kim clan was the wife and the queen consort of King Heonjong of Joseon, the 24th monarch of the Joseon Dynasty. She was posthumously called as Hyohyeon, the Accomplishment Empress (효현성황후, 孝顯成皇后).

Queen Hyohyeon
효현왕후
孝顯王后
Queen consort of Joseon
Tenure1837 – 18 October 1843
PredecessorQueen Sunwon
SuccessorQueen Hyojeong
Born27 April 1828
Ahnguk-bang District, Hanseong, Kingdom of Joseon
Died18 October 1843 (1843-10-19) (aged 15)
Daejo Hall, Changdeok Palace, Hanseong, Kingdom of Joseon
SpouseKing Heonjong of Joseon
Posthumous name
단성수원경혜정순효현왕후 端聖粹元敬惠靖順孝顯王后
HouseAndong Kim
FatherKim Jo-Geun
MotherLady Hanseong of the Hansan Yi clan

BiographyEdit

Lady Kim was born into the (new) Andong Kim clan (Hangul: 신 안동 김씨, Hanja: 新 安東 金氏) on 27 April 1828 in Ahnguk-bang District to Kim Jo-geun and Lady Yi of the Hansan Yi clan.

Through her father, Lady Kim is a distant relative of Queen Inmok, Queen Sunwon, and Queen Cheorin.

Lady Kim later became Queen Consort to the young King Heonjeong at the age of 10 in 1837. Her mother was given the royal title of “Internal Princess Consort Hanseong to the Internal Prince” (Hangul: 한성부부인 한산 이씨, Hanja: 漢城府夫人 韓山 李氏), and her father was given the royal title of “Internal Prince Yeongheung” (Hangul: 영흥부원군, Hanja: 永興府院君). The young Queen later died at the age of 15 in 1843 within Changdeok Palace’s Daejo Hall without offspring.

She is buried in Gyeongreung in Guri, Gyeonggi Province with King Heonjong and his second wife, Queen Hyojeong.

FamilyEdit

  • Great-Great-Great-Great-Great-Great-Grandfather
    • Kim Gwang-chan (김광찬, 金光燦) (1597 - 24 February 1668)
  • Great-Great-Great-Great-Great-Great-Grandmother
    • Lady Kim of the Yeonan Kim clan (연안 김씨); daughter of Kim Nae (김래, 金琜)[1]
  • Great-Great-Great-Great-Great-Grandfather
    • Kim Su-hang (김수항, 金壽恒) (1629 - 9 April 1689)
  • Great-Great-Great-Great-Great-Grandmother
    • Lady Na of the Anjeong Na clan (안정 나씨); daughter of Na Seong-du (나성두)
  • Great-Great-Great-Great-Grandfather
    • Kim Chang-jib (김창집, 金昌集) (1648 - 2 May 1722)
  • Great-Great-Great-Great-Grandmother
    • Lady Park (박씨); daughter of Park Se-nam (박세남, 朴世楠)
  • Great-Great-Great-Grandfather
    • Kim Je-gyeom (김제겸, 金濟謙)
  • Great-Great-Grandfather
    • Kim Tan-haeng (김탄행, 金坦行) (1714 - 1774)[2]
  • Great-Great-Grandmother
    • Lady Han of the Cheongju Han clan (정경부인 청주 한씨, 貞敬夫人 淸州 韓氏); (한백증의 딸) daughter of Han Baek-jeung (한백증, 韓百增)
  • Great-Grandfather
    • Kim Yi-yu (김이유, 金履裕)
      • Adoptive Great-Grandfather: Kim Yi-so (김이소, 金履素) (1735 - 1798)
  • Great-Grandmother
    • Lady Yu of the Munhwa Yu clan (정부인 문화 유씨, 貞夫人 文化 柳氏)
  • Grandfather
    • Kim Ji-Sun (김지순, 金芝淳)[3]
  • Grandmother
    • Lady Min of the Yeoheung Min clan (본관: 여흥 민씨, 驪興 閔氏); (민종현의 딸) daughter of Min Jong-hyeon (민종현, 閔鍾顯)
  • Father
    • Kim Jo-geun (김조근, 金祖根) (1793 – 1844)
      • Uncle: Kim Bo-geun (김보근, 金輔根) (1803 - 1869)
  • Mother
    • Internal Princess Consort Hanseong of the Hansan Yi clan (한성부부인 한산 이씨, 漢城府夫人 韓山 李氏)
      • Maternal Grandfather: Yi Hee-Seon (이희선, 李羲先) (1775 – 1818)
      • Maternal Grandmother: Lady Park of the Bannam Park (본관: 반남 박씨, 潘南 朴氏) (1774 – 1811); (박홍수의 딸) daughter of Park Hong-su (박홍수, 朴泓壽)
      • Maternal Uncle: Yi Chang-jae (이창재, 李昌在) (1797 - 1863)
      • Maternal Aunt: Lady Kim of the Andong Kim clan (정부인 안동 김씨, 貞夫人 安東 金氏) (1798 - 1871); (김봉순의 딸) daughter of Kim Bong-sun (김봉순, 金鳳淳)
      • Maternal Uncle: Yi Gyeong-jae (이경재, 李景在) (1800 - 1873)
  • Sibling
    • Older brother: Kim Byeong-jib (김병집, 金炳潗)
      • Adoptive nephew: Kim Gap-gyu (김갑규, 金甲圭); son of Kim Byeong-seo (김병서, 金炳敍)
  • Husband

TitlesEdit

  • 27 April 1828 - 1837: Lady Kim, daughter of Kim Jo-geun, of the Andong Kim clan

1. Lady Kim (김씨, 金氏)

2. Daughter of Kim Jo-geun (김조근의 딸)

  • 1837 - 18 October 1843: Queen Consort of Joseon (왕비, 王妃)
  • Posthumous title: Queen Hyohyeon of Joseon (효현왕후, 孝顯王后)

ReferencesEdit

  • 효현왕후 (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Kim Nae is the older brother of Queen Inmok; making his daughter, Lady Kim, the niece of the Queen
  2. ^ His older brother, Kim Dal-haeng (김달행, 金達行) became the great-grandfather of Queen Sunwon, and his second older brother, Kim Won-haeng (김원행, 金元行), became the great-great-grandfather of Queen Cheorin
  3. ^ He is the nephew of Queen Sunwon’s father
Preceded by Queen consort of Korea
1837–1843
Succeeded by