Quaternaglia Guitar Quartet

The Quaternaglia Guitar Quartet (QGQ) is a classical guitar ensemble from São Paulo, Brazil, founded in 1992. The Quartet has become a reference both for its artistic excellence and for its contributions to the expansion of the guitar quartet repertoire.[1] Quaternaglia has developed a canon of original pieces and arrangements with the collaboration of a variety of composers such as Egberto Gismonti, Leo Brouwer, Javier Farías, Sérgio Molina, Almeida Prado, Sergio Assad, João Luiz, Paulo Bellinati and Marco Pereira [2] Quaternaglia’s current[when?] members are Sidney Molina, Thiago Abdalla, Fabio Ramazzina and Chrystian Dozza.

HistoryEdit

In 1992, Sidney Molina, Daniel Clementi, Eduardo Fleury and Breno Chaves began to experiment with the guitar quartet repertoire and much of their initial work was dedicated to discovering the adequate sound for the formation since, at the time, it still did not have an established set of works and records with which to orient them.[3] As the fruits of this arduous research process began to be performed in concert halls in São Paulo, Quaternaglia Guitar Quartet gained recognition and in 1993 was given a sponsorship by Banco do Estado de São Paulo (Banespa) to perform in various cities in the interior of the state.[4]

In 1994, Clementi was replaced by Fabio Ramazzina and, with him, the group recorded its first album in 1995. Quaternaglia (JHO) includes the first recording of the guitarist Sergio Abreu’s transcription of Bachianas Brasileiras No.1 by Heitor Villa-Lobos and the complete works for guitar quartet by the Cuban composer Leo Brouwer.[5] This inaugural album set an example of a high level of artistic production for many other Brazilian classical guitar artists during the last half of the 1990s and was immediately recognized by important musicians in Brazil such as the composer Gilberto Mendes.[6]

In 1996, Quaternaglia made their first appearance abroad at the First International Abel Carlevaro Guitar Festival in Montevideo,[7] Uruguay and in 1998, the group reached international acclaim after receiving the Ensemble Prize at the International Guitar Contest of Havana, Cuba.[8] QGQ has toured the United States eleven times (1997,[9] 1999,[10] 2002,[11] 2003,[12] 2005,[13] 2007,[14] 2008,[15] 2009,[16] 2010, 2013, 2015) performing in important chamber and guitar series such as Guitarists of the World, Allegro Guitar Series, Chamber Music Sedona, Friends of Music and the Round Top Festival. The group has also performed in Europe, Latin America and Australia.

The second album, Antique (Comep),[17] with transcriptions of Renaissance and Baroque pieces was one of the finalists of the Classical Music Sharp Prize, the Brazilian equivalent of the Grammy.[18] The group also received the 1997 Carlos Gomes Prize for Best Chamber Ensemble of the Year, awarded by the Culture Department of São Paulo.[19]

In 1999, Breno Chaves was replaced by Paulo Porto Alegre and a year later, the quartet released its third album, entirely dedicated to Brazilian music. Forrobodó (Carmo/ECM),[20] produced by Egberto Gismonti, marked the beginning of Quaternaglia’s direct contact with contemporary Brazilian composers and many of the pieces soon became influential in the world of modern guitar ensembles such as "A Furiosa" by Paulo Bellinati and "Forrobodó" by Egberto Gismonti.[21]

In 2002, Quaternaglia was invited by the Brazilian Symphony Orchestra to perform Concierto Andaluz by Joaquín Rodrigo at the Municipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro as part of the celebration of the composer’s centenary.[22]

Also in 2002, Fernando Lima and João Luiz replaced Paulo Porto Alegre and Eduardo Fleury. With this configuration, the quartet toured the United States many times and premiered Journey of the Weary Souls[23] and Quintet for Another Time [24] both by Sergio Molina, commissioned by the International Guitar Festival at Round Top (TX, USA).

The 2004 CD Presença includes the first world recording of Quartet No. 1 by Radamés Gnattali and has pieces dedicated to Quaternaglia by the Brazilian composers Rodrigo Vitta, Paulo Tiné, Douglas Lora and Sergio Molina.[25] Two years later, QGQ recorded their first live DVD at Itaú Cultural Hall in São Paulo.[26]

Paola Picherzky participated in the group between 2007 and 2010 and Chrystian Dozza has been a member since 2009. In 2007, Quaternaglia made the Brazilian premiere of the Quintet for Another Time with the American pianist James Dick.[27] In the following year, QGQ performed Gismontiana, a concert for four guitars and string orchestra written by the Cuban composer Leo Brouwer, as an invited soloist of OCAM (São Paulo University Chamber Orchestra) conducted by the composer himself on his first visit to Brazil.[28]

Thiago Abdalla joined the group in 2010. Estampas was released on 2010 and Jequibau in 2012. In 2013, Quaternaglia recorded a live "Concerto Italico", by Leo Brouwer, with Havana Chamber Orchestra conducted by the composer. Brouwer's concerts for four guitars and orchestra were also performed in Belém, Aracaju, Rio de Janeiro and at Sala São Paulo with Heliopolis Symphony Orchestra conducted by Isaac Karabtchevsky. The CD Xangô was released in 2015 with works by Villa-Lobos, Almeida Prado, Ronaldo Miranda, João Luiz, Sérgio Molina, Chrystian Dozza and Paulo Bellinati.

Four (2019) is the quartet’s first album released by GuitarCoop, Brazilian platform and record label that has risen to worldwide prominence for producing and distributing high quality classical guitar content (in audio and video) on the web. Sidney Molina explains that the “album is the culmination of an ample renovation in the group’s repertoire undertaken after the celebration of its 25th anniversary, in 2017”. Contrary to Quaternaglia’s previous albums, in Four there is an “intentional absence” of pieces by Brazilian composers.

The title Four points to the four composers featured in the CD – Leonard Bernstein (USA), Leo Brouwer (Cuba), Javier Farias (Chile) and Astor Piazzolla (Argentina) – the four works chosen for recording, as well as the four guitars of the ensemble.

Quartet membersEdit

  • 1992-1993 Sidney Molina, Daniel Clementi, Eduardo Fleury, Breno Chaves
  • 1993-1999 Sidney Molina, Fabio Ramazzina, Eduardo Fleury, Breno Chaves
  • 1999-2002 Sidney Molina, Fabio Ramazzina, Eduardo Fleury, Paulo Porto Alegre
  • 2002-2007 Sidney Molina, Fabio Ramazzina, João Luiz, Fernando Lima
  • 2007-2010 Sidney Molina, Paola Picherzky, Fabio Ramazzina, João Luiz (Chrystian Dozza since 2009)
  • 2010–present Sidney Molina, Thiago Abdalla, Fabio Ramazzina, Chrystian Dozza

DiscographyEdit

  • Bellinati's Mosaic (Guitarcoop, 2022)
  • Down the Black River (Guitarcoop, 2022)
  • Four (Guitarcoop, 2019)
  • Xangô (Tratore, 2015)
  • Jequibau[1] (Tratore, 2012) [29]
  • Estampas (Miramontes/ Tratore, 2010)[30]
  • Presença (Paulus Music, 2004) [25]
  • Forrobodó (Carmo/ECM, 2000) [20]
  • Antique (Paulinas Comep, 1996) [17]
  • Quaternaglia (JHO, 1995) [5]

Invited appearancesEdit

  • Mitología de la Aguas - live with Havana Chamber Orchestra conducted by Leo Brouwer (Espiral Eterna, 2014)
  • Movimento Violão - live (2011)
  • Guitare Du XXI ème Siècle - Éric Pénicaud (Quantum, 2010) [31]
  • 10 Anos de Violão Intercâmbio - (GTR, 2004)[32]
  • Rumos Musicais live – (Itaú Cultural, 1999)[33]
  • Universo Sonoro - Lina Pires de Campos (Régia Música, 1998)[34]

DVDEdit

  • Quaternaglia – live (Itaú Cultural/Eldorado, 2006)[26]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Henken, John, "Creating Canon Fire - Guitar Quartet Quaternaglia Attracted by Opportunity to Add Experience and Spice to a Young Genre", Los Angeles Times, 3 February 1999.
  2. ^ Quaternaglia. "Repertoire: Pieces Dedicated to Quaternaglia", Quaternaglia.com 16 July 2009.
  3. ^ Carrilho, Fábio, and Gilson Antunes, "Quatro Violões e Uma História." Violão Pro, February 2008: 20-25.
  4. ^ Promotional Banner of Quaternaglia Guitar Quartet’s Banespa Tour (1993) - Projeto Violões no Interior
  5. ^ a b Quaternaglia Guitar Quartet. Quaternaglia. (CD) São Paulo: JHO, 1995.
  6. ^ Mendes, Gilberto in Quaternaglia. (CD Booklet) São Paulo: JHO, 1995.
  7. ^ Concert Program for 1er Festival Internacional de Guitarra Ciudad de Montevideo – September 14, 1996
  8. ^ Contest Program for 9no. Concurso y Festival Internacional de Guitarra de La Habana 1998 (Cuba) – May 7–17
  9. ^ Concert Program for Quaternaglia Guitar Quartet at the Brazilian-American Cultural Institute (Washington, DC) – March 24, 1997
  10. ^ Fort Worth Classic Guitar Society (TX) 1998-1999 Concert Season Program – Thursday, January 28, 1999 (8:00 pm)
  11. ^ Guitar Houston (TX) 2001-2002 Concert Season Program – Friday, January 18, 2002 (8:00 pm)
  12. ^ The International Festival-Institute at Round Top (TX) 2002-2003 Concert Program – Saturday, January 18, 2003 (3:00 pm)
  13. ^ Brookhaven College School of the Arts (Dallas, TX) Concert Program – Friday, February 18, 2005
  14. ^ Chicago Cultural Center Concert Program – Sunday, February 25, 2007 (3:00 pm)
  15. ^ Allegro Guitar Society of Dallas and the Latino Cultural Center 2007-2008 Concert Season Program – February 15 and 16, 2008 (7:30 pm)
  16. ^ Friends of Chamber Music (Bryan, TX) Concert Program – Thursday, February 12, 2009
  17. ^ a b Quaternaglia Guitar Quartet. Antique (CD). São Paulo: Comep, 1996.
  18. ^ List of Nominees for 100 Prêmio Sharp de Música – 1997
  19. ^ Contest Program for II Prêmio Carlos Gomes – 1997 : First Prize on Chamber Music Category
  20. ^ a b Quaternaglia Guitar Quartet. Forrobodó (CD). São Paulo: Carmo/ECM, 2000.
  21. ^ Gismonti, Egberto in Quaternaglia Guitar Quartet. Forrobodó (CD Booklet). São Paulo: Carmo/ECM, 2000.
  22. ^ Rio de Janeiro Municipal Theatre Concert Program – Brazilian Symphonic Orchestra and Quaternaglia Guitar Quartet – April 30, 2002 (8:30 pm)
  23. ^ Concert Program for the 2004-2005 season of the International Festival-Institute at Round Top (TX) – Saturday, February 12, 2005 (Quaternaglia performed Journey of the Weary Souls with the Festival String Orchestra)
  24. ^ Concert Program for the 3rd International Guitar Festival at Round Top – Saturday, February 10, 2007 (4:00 pm) – Quaternaglia performed Quintet for Another Time with the American pianist James Dick
  25. ^ a b Quaternaglia Guitar Quartet. Presença (CD). São Paulo: Paulus Music , 2004.
  26. ^ a b Quaternaglia. 2006. DVD. Itaú Cultural/Eldorado.
  27. ^ Espaço Cultural É Realizações Concert Program - September 19, 2007.
  28. ^ Festival Leo Brouwer Concert Program – December 11 and 14, 2008 (SESC Pinheiros and MASP) – Quaternaglia performed Gismontiana conducted by Leo Brouwer with the São Paulo University Chamber Orchestra
  29. ^ Quaternaglia Guitar Quartet. Jequibau (CD). São Paulo: Tratore , 2012
  30. ^ Quaternaglia Guitar Quartet. Estampas (CD). São Paulo: Miramontes/Tratore , 2010
  31. ^ Guitare Du XXI ème Siècle (CD). Éric Pénicaud. France: Quantum, 2010.
  32. ^ 10 Anos de Violão Intercâmbio (CD). São Paulo: GTR, 2004.
  33. ^ Rumos Musicais (CD). São Paulo: Itaú Cultural, 1999.
  34. ^ Universos Sonoro - Lina Pires de Campos(CD). São Paulo: Régia Música, 1998.

External linksEdit