Qinglong Manchu Autonomous County

Qinglong Manchu Autonomous County (simplified Chinese: 青龙满族自治县; traditional Chinese: 青龍滿族自治縣; pinyin: Qīnglóng Mǎnzú Zìzhìxiàn; lit. 'Blue (or teal) Dragon Man-ethnicity Autonomous County', Manchu: ᠴᡳᠩᠯᡠᠩ
ᠮᠠᠨᠵᡠ
ᠪᡝᠶᡝ
ᡩᠠᠰᠠᠩᡤᠠ
ᠰᡳᠶᠠᠨ
; Mölendroff: cinglung manju beye dasangga siyan) is a Manchu autonomous county in northeastern Hebei province, China, bordering Liaoning Province to the north and east and located in the eastern part of the Yan Mountains. It is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Qinhuangdao, and, as of 2004, had a population of 520,000 residing in an area of 3,309 km2 (1,278 sq mi). Bordering county-level divisions are: Lingyuan and Jianchang County (Liaoning) to the north, Liaoning's Suizhong County and Qinhuangdao city proper to the east, Qian'an and Lulong County to the south, and Kuancheng Manchu Autonomous County and Qianxi County to the west.

Qinglong County
青龙县
ᠴᡳᠩᠯᡠᠩ ᠰᡳᠶᠠᠨ
青龙满族自治县
ᠴᡳᠩᠯᡠᠩ ᠮᠠᠨᠵᡠ ᠪᡝᠶᡝ ᡩᠠᠰᠠᠩᡤᠠ ᠰᡳᠶᠠᠨ
Qinglong Manchu Autonomous County
Qinglong in Qinhuangdao
Qinglong in Qinhuangdao
Qinhuangdao in Hebei
Qinhuangdao in Hebei
Coordinates: 40°24′27″N 118°56′59″E / 40.4076°N 118.9497°E / 40.4076; 118.9497Coordinates: 40°24′27″N 118°56′59″E / 40.4076°N 118.9497°E / 40.4076; 118.9497
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHebei
Prefecture-level cityQinhuangdao
Township-level divisions11 towns
14 townships
County seatQinglong Town (青龙镇)
Area
 • Total3,309 km2 (1,278 sq mi)
Elevation
239 m (784 ft)
Population
 (2004)
 • Total520,000
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
066500
Area code(s)+86 335

During the 1976 Tangshan earthquake 180,000 buildings in Qinglong collapsed, but no fatalities occurred.[1]

Administrative divisionsEdit

Qinglong administers 11 towns and 14 townships, which in turn control 396 villages:[2]

Towns:

Townships:

ClimateEdit

Qinglong has a monsoon-influenced, humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa), with long, cold, and very dry winters, and hot, rainy summers. Spring and autumn are short with some rainfall. The monthly 24-hour average temperature in January is −8.4 °C (16.9 °F), and 24.2 °C (75.6 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 9.25 °C (48.6 °F). The mountainous location means that diurnal temperature variation is rather large, but precipitation is enhanced: the total precipitation is 702 millimetres (27.6 in), with close to 60% of it falling in July and August alone.

Climate data for Qinglong County (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.1
(53.8)
17.4
(63.3)
23.7
(74.7)
31.9
(89.4)
36.6
(97.9)
38.5
(101.3)
39.0
(102.2)
35.2
(95.4)
33.5
(92.3)
28.7
(83.7)
22.4
(72.3)
14.6
(58.3)
39.0
(102.2)
Average high °C (°F) −0.5
(31.1)
2.9
(37.2)
9.4
(48.9)
18.6
(65.5)
24.6
(76.3)
28.2
(82.8)
29.3
(84.7)
28.6
(83.5)
24.4
(75.9)
17.6
(63.7)
8.5
(47.3)
1.8
(35.2)
16.1
(61.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −8.4
(16.9)
−4.6
(23.7)
2.7
(36.9)
11.8
(53.2)
18.0
(64.4)
22.0
(71.6)
24.2
(75.6)
22.8
(73.0)
17.2
(63.0)
9.8
(49.6)
1.3
(34.3)
−5.8
(21.6)
9.3
(48.7)
Average low °C (°F) −14.2
(6.4)
−10.7
(12.7)
−3.5
(25.7)
4.9
(40.8)
10.9
(51.6)
15.8
(60.4)
19.6
(67.3)
18.1
(64.6)
11.0
(51.8)
3.5
(38.3)
−4.1
(24.6)
−11.2
(11.8)
3.3
(38.0)
Record low °C (°F) −26.3
(−15.3)
−23.3
(−9.9)
−16.8
(1.8)
−9.2
(15.4)
0.0
(32.0)
6.1
(43.0)
12.1
(53.8)
5.5
(41.9)
0.0
(32.0)
−8.0
(17.6)
−19.2
(−2.6)
−23.9
(−11.0)
−26.3
(−15.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2.9
(0.11)
2.9
(0.11)
9.7
(0.38)
22.8
(0.90)
45.2
(1.78)
94.1
(3.70)
237.5
(9.35)
180.6
(7.11)
61.0
(2.40)
31.7
(1.25)
9.3
(0.37)
3.9
(0.15)
701.6
(27.61)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.1 2.5 3.7 5.3 7.9 11.6 15.7 12.3 7.9 5.1 3.3 1.8 79.2
Source: Weather China

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Col, Jeanne-Marie (2016-11-05). "Successful Earthquake Mitigation in Qinglong County during the Great Tangshan Earthquake: Lessons for Hurricane Katrina in the United States". Chinese Public Administration Review. 4 (1/2): 9. doi:10.22140/cpar.v4i1/2.70. ISSN 1539-6754.
  2. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:青龙满族自治县 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2012-07-21.