Location of Qianjiang City jurisdiction in Hubei
|Coordinates (Qianjiang government): Coordinates:|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• County-level & Sub-prefectural city||2,004 km2 (774 sq mi)|
|• Urban||311.25 km2 (120.17 sq mi)|
|Elevation||32 m (105 ft)|
|• County-level & Sub-prefectural city||998,525|
|• Density||500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|Website||潜江市人民政府门户网站 (translation: Qianjiang City People's Government Web Portal) (in Simplified Chinese)|
Qianjiang was occupied by the Japanese during the Sino-Japan War. The Japanese primarily used prominent local Chinese to run the "puppet" government, notably many members of the Zhang family.
The communists from 1949 to early 1980s constructed a pharmaceutical plant, a textile factory, a book-printing factory, a large oil-and-gas drilling field, and other industrial installations in the Qianjiang area. As the national economic reform took force beginning in the late 1970s many of these state-run businesses went under.
Qianjiang was rarely ranked no. 1 in any way. However, during the period of 1959 and 1962, the largest "Cadre Camp" in China, or in the world as people at that time liked to call it, was established in Qianjiang. It was a result of the potential Sino-Russian War. The China-Russian relationship just broke up and military conflict was taking place in northern Chinese border with Russia. The Chinese government was afraid that a total war was about to break out against the Soviet. So they dispersed a lot of people and resources throughout the country. The young college graduates were sent to local Cadre Camps to train and entrench. This was the so-called "Priority 1 Order" given by Vice Chairman Lin Biao and planned by Chairman Mao.
The young cadres in Qianjiang worked hard to improve the agricultural situation. E.g., there was an ancient lake of hundreds of acres in the Qianjiang area. They drained the lake and converted it to farming land. From today's perspective, it was a wrong action that caused damage to the nature and eco-system, which in turn affected negatively the agricultural environment and cycle.
Qianjiang was well known for abundant local produces. Prominent local produces include duck eggs and lily seeds. They were so abundant that the produces were often sold at a nominal price. However, around the year of 1960, Qianjiang didn't escape the fate of most Chinese towns and was swept by an extended famine that was grossly caused by the political destruction of the fundamental aspects of the economy (production, supply-chain, and ownership). Many in Qianjiang were starved to death.
People from Qianjiang and surrounding areas, compared with people from the rest of the Hubei Province, have a reputation for being generous, gentle, and sincere. Prior to the modern days, Qianjiang demonstrated traditional, agriculture-based, Chinese ethos. E.g., if the farmers consider a water buffalo has been hard-working and loyal they would not slaughter it. But rather they would wait until it ages and dies. Then they would bury it and then build it a tomb.
There was a labor camp during the communist era in the Qianjiang area. The conditions at the camp were harsh. People would often sneak out to seek additional food. However, they never attempted to escape because it was impossible to hide in any place during those decades. Every town was tightly controlled and monitored by the government. No one would provide a stranger shelter and would only report him immediately to the local government.
Geography and climateEdit
There were many small lakes, ponds, and rivers scattered around the Qianjiang area. However, starting in the early 80's most of them disappeared due to urbanization and industrialization.
|1||Yuanlin Subdistrict Park||园林街道|
|4||Zhouji Subdistrict Zhou Rock||周矶街道|
|former||Mianhua Seed Stock Station (now part of Taifeng)||棉花原种场|
|10||Laoxin Town Old new||老新镇|
|17||Qianjiang Development Zone/Zekou Subdistrict||潜江开发区/泽口街道|
|18||Bailuhu Administrative Area Egret Lake||白鹭湖管理区|
|19||Zongkou Administrative Area||总口管理区|
|20||Xiongkou Farm Administrative Area||熊口农场管理区|
|21||Yunlianghu Administrative Area||运粮湖管理区|
|22||Houhu Administrative Area||后湖管理区|
|23||Zhouji Administrative Area||周矶管理区|
|24||Jianghan Oil Administrative Area||江汉石油管理局|
|Climate data for Qianjiang, Hubei (1981–2010 normals)|
|Average high °C (°F)||8.2
|Daily mean °C (°F)||4.1
|Average low °C (°F)||1.1
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||41.8
|Average relative humidity (%)||77||76||78||79||78||81||82||81||78||78||77||75||78|
|Source: China Meteorological Administration|
Qianjiang's population is just over 1 million.
Qianjiang has an important oil field, Jianghan Oil Field. It's part of the Sinopec Corporation. Qianjiang has the potential of producing 200 million tons of oil, more than 9000 m3 of natural gas, and 800 billion tons of rock salt. In 2001 Qiangjiang started producing crayfish and now producers over 70,000 tonnes a year and accounting for over 60% of China's export of crayfish. The region is also home to the world's largest crustacean sculpture.
- Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, ed. (2019). China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: China Statistics Press. p. 66. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
- "Archived copy" 行政区划 (in Chinese). 潜江市人民政府信息中心. 4 May 2016. Archived from the original on 30 December 2017. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
潜江辖6个办事处、10个镇、6个管理区（农场）、1 个省级经济开发区。 街道办事处：园林办事处、广华办事处、杨市办事处、周矶办事处、泰丰办事处、高场办事处 乡镇：熊口镇、竹根滩镇、高石碑镇、老新镇、王场镇、渔洋镇、龙湾镇、浩口镇、积玉口镇、张金镇 管理区：白鹭湖管理区、总口管理区、熊口农场管理区、运粮湖管理区、后湖管理区、周矶管理区 省级经济开发区：潜江开发区 经省人民政府批准，省民政厅正式发文，潜江市棉花原种场改设为潜江市泰丰办事处，杨市办事处莫市等九个村和园林办事处小南门社区同时划归泰丰办事处，该处成为该市第十六个乡镇办事行政机关。CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- 潜江市历史沿革 [Historical Development of Qianjiang City] (in Chinese). 行政区划网站 (translation: Administrative Divisions Website). 8 July 2014. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
- 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2020-04-15.
- Jianghan Oil Field Retrieved 2014-02-26. Archived January 15, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
- "Crayfish industry brings new life to Qianjiang in central China - People's Daily Online". en.people.cn. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
- "Qianjiang crawfish sold at IKEA stores globally". en.hubei.gov.cn. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
- "Largest crustacean sculpture". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 2019-01-07.