Qiangqu (Chinese: 羌渠; r. 179–188 AD) was head of the maternal Qiang (Kiyan) tribe, Western Tuqi Prince, successor to Huzheng, and chanyu of the Southern Xiongnu from 179 to 188 AD.[1]

Qiangqu
Chanyu
Reignc. 179–188 AD
PredecessorHuzheng
SuccessorYufuluo
Fatherfrom Qiang (Kiyan) maternal tribe

Qiangqu's reign coincided with a troublesome time for the Han Empire, and few records address Chinese relations with the Southern Xiongnu. In 187 AD Qiangqu sent Southern Xiongnu cavalry troops under command of the Eastern Tuqi Prince (Wise Prince, Ch. Tuqi 屠耆) to aid the governor of Yuzhou province against the former governor, Zhongshan province, Zhang Shun, who had rebelled in alliance with the Xianbei. This caused discontent among the elders, who were alarmed by the frequency with which Qiangqu sent their men off to battle for the Han dynasty. In 188 AD, the Xiuchuge clan rose in rebellion and killed Qiangqu. The title of chanyu went to his son Yufuluo. The Jie branch of the Xiongnu is named after Qiangqu. Later on they created the Later Zhao Jie state led by Shi Le.[2]

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ Bichurin N.Ya., "Collection of information on peoples in Central Asia in ancient times", vol. 1, pp. 70–86
  2. ^ Taskin V.S. "Materials on the history of nomadic peoples in China. 3rd – 5th cc. AD. Issue 2. Jie", p. 6, Moscow, Oriental Literature, 1990, ISBN 5-02-016543-3

ReferencesEdit

  • Barfield, Thomas (1989), The Perilous Frontier: Nomadic Empires and China, Basil Blackwell
  • Bichurin N.Ya., "Collection of information on peoples in Central Asia in ancient times", vol. 1, p. 146, Sankt Petersburg, 1851, reprint Moscow-Leningrad, 1950 [1] (Qian Han Shu Ch. 94b)
  • Chang, Chun-shu (2007), The Rise of the Chinese Empire 1, The University of Michigan Press
  • Cosmo, Nicola Di (2002), Ancient China and Its Enemies, Cambridge University Press
  • Cosmo, Nicola di (2009), Military Culture in Imperial China, Harvard University Press
  • Crespigny, Rafe de (2007), A Biographical Dictionary of Later Han to the Three Kingdoms, Brill
  • Loewe, Michael (2000), A Biographical Dictionary of the Qin, Former Han, and Xin Periods, Brill
  • Taskin B.S., "Materials on Sünnu history", Science, Moscow, 1968, p. 31 (In Russian)
  • Whiting, Marvin C. (2002), Imperial Chinese Military History, Writers Club Press
Preceded by
Huzheng
Chanyu of the Southern Xiongnu
179–188 AD
Succeeded by
Yufuluo