Qi Lu (computer scientist)

Lu Qi (simplified Chinese: 陆奇; traditional Chinese: 陸奇; pinyin: Lù Qí; born September 3, 1961)[1][2] is a Chinese-American software executive and engineer who is the head of MiraclePlus, a startup incubator in China. Previously, Lu was the head of Y Combinator China until it was shut down.[3] He was formerly chief operating officer of Baidu until he stepped down in May 2018. He has served as executive vice president of Microsoft, leading development of Bing, Skype, and Microsoft Office, and software engineer and manager for Yahoo!'s search technology division.

Lu Qi
Qi Lu.jpg
Lu Qi in 2009
Born (1961-09-03) September 3, 1961 (age 60)[1]
Alma materFudan University
(B.S., M.S.)
Carnegie Mellon University
OccupationCEO of Y Combinator China
Known forCEO of Bing, executive vice-president at Microsoft

Early lifeEdit

Lu was born in Shanghai, China, and was sent to live with his grandparents in a remote village in Jiangsu Province by his parents during the Cultural Revolution.[2] Lu grew up without electricity, plumbing, and other basic amenities, eating meat only twice a year at Chinese New Year celebrations.[2]


Lu obtained undergraduate and master's degrees in computer science at Fudan University, where he joined the faculty.[2] After attending a talk by Edmund M. Clarke, Lu was invited to apply for a PhD program at Carnegie Mellon.[4] Lu arrived in Pittsburgh in 1988, becoming the second Chinese student to be admitted to the School of Computer Science. His doctoral research focused on distributed file systems that enable multiple users to share files on a computer network.[2] He completed his PhD in computer science in 1996.[5]


Lu worked in one of IBM's research labs on Internet-related projects from 1996 to 1998. He then joined Yahoo! as an engineer, eventually rising executive vice president of engineering of search and advertising technology. His departure from Yahoo! in mid-2008 was long planned, and he was contemplating opportunities in venture capital and even thinking of returning to China. However, Steve Ballmer personally recruited him to join Microsoft, where Lu was instrumental in driving the launch of Bing. He later became an architect of Satya Nadella’s strategy for artificial intelligence and bots at Microsoft.[5][4]

In 2010, Fast Company named Lu the tenth most creative person in business for 2010.[6][2]

In January 2017, Lu joined Baidu as group president and chief operating officer in charge of products, technology, sales, marketing and operations.[7] He stepped down on May 18, 2018.[8] In August 2018, he joined Y Combinator as the head of research and assumed control of YC China.[9][10]

In November 2019, Y Combinator decided to shut down YC China. Lu continues to fund startups under his new program, MiraclePlus.[11]


  1. ^ a b "Qi Lu birthday question on email". 2011. Archived from the original on 2013-07-15.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Pittsburgh, A. Carnegie Mellon University Publication 5000 Forbes Avenue; Pa 15213268-2000. "Bing It On". Carnegie Mellon Today. Retrieved 2019-03-18.
  3. ^ "An update on YC China". YCombinator. Retrieved 21 November 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Is Qi Lu Microsoft's Search Engine Savior?". Bloomberg.com. 2009-05-28. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
  5. ^ a b Burrows, Peter (May 28, 2009). "Is Qi Lu Microsoft's Search Engine Savior?". Bloomberg Businessweek.
  6. ^ "Most Creative People in Business 2010". Fast Company. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
  7. ^ Russell, Jon. "Former Microsoft executive and noted AI expert Qi Lu joins Baidu as COO". Techcrunch.
  8. ^ Gagliordi, Natalie. "Qi Lu steps down as Baidu COO". ZDNet.
  9. ^ Altman, Sam. "YC China + Qi Lu". YCombinator. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  10. ^ "Y Combinator is launching a startup program in China". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2019-03-18.
  11. ^ "An update on YC China". YCombinator. Retrieved 21 November 2019.

External linksEdit