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In Islamic philosophy, the qalb (Arabic: قلب‎), or heart, is the origin of intentional activities, the cause behind all of humans intuitive deeds. While the brain handles the physical impressions, qalb (the heart) is responsible for apprehending.[1] Heart and brain work together, but it is the heart where true knowledge can be received.

In Islamic thought, the heart is not the seat of feelings and emotions,[2] but of rūḥ (Arabic: روح‎): the immortal cognition, the rational soul.[3]

In the Quran, the word qalb is used more than 130 times.[citation needed]

Stages of taming qalbEdit

Qalb also refers to the second among the six purities or Lataif-e-sitta in Sufi philosophy. To attend Tasfiya-e-Qalb, the Salik needs to achieve the following sixteen goals.

  1. Zuhd or abstention from evil
  2. Taqwa or God consciousness
  3. War'a or attempt to get away from things that are not related to Allah.
  4. Tawakkul or being content on whatever Allah gives
  5. Sabır or patience on whatever Allah fe Subhan ta'âlâ does
  6. Shukr or gratefulness to whatever Allah gives
  7. Raza or seeking happiness of Allah
  8. Khauf or fear of Allah's wrath
  9. Rija or hope of Allah's blessing
  10. Yaqeen or complete faith on Allah
  11. Ikhlas or purity of intention
  12. Sidq or bearing truth of Allah
  13. Muraqabah or total focus on Allah
  14. Khulq or humbleness for Allah
  15. Dhikr or remembrance of Allah
  16. Khuloot or isolation from everyone except Allah

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Treiger, Alexander (2011). Inspired Knowledge in Islamic Thought: Al-Ghazali's Theory of Mystical Cognition and Its Avicennian Foundation. Routledge. p. 8. ISBN 978-1-136-65562-3. 
  2. ^ von Grunebaum, Gustave E. (2010). Medieval Islam: A Study in Cultural Orientation. University of Chicago Press. p. 116. ISBN 978-0-226-86492-1. 
  3. ^ Rassool, G. Hussein (2015). Islamic Counselling: An Introduction to Theory and Practice. Routledge. p. 41. ISBN 978-1-317-44125-0. 

See alsoEdit