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Kaban Lakes

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The Kaban Lakes (Tatar: Cyrillic Кабан күле, Latin Qaban küle, Arabic قابان كولئ; Russian: Кабан, lit. 'Boar') are a system of lakes in Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russia that includes Nizhny (Blizhny) Kaban, Verkhny Kaban, and Sredny Kaban. With a combined area of 1.86 square kilometers (0.72 sq mi), they comprise the biggest lake in Tatarstan.[1]

Kaban Lakes
Kazan Lower Qaban Lake 08-2016.jpg
Lower Qaban
Coordinates 55°46′30″N 49°7′25″E / 55.77500°N 49.12361°E / 55.77500; 49.12361Coordinates: 55°46′30″N 49°7′25″E / 55.77500°N 49.12361°E / 55.77500; 49.12361
Lake type Volga riverbed + karst processes
Primary outflows Bolaq
Basin countries Russia
Max. length 5,575 m (18,291 ft) (Nearby+Remote); 1,030 m (3,380 ft) (Upper)
Max. width 350 m (1,150 ft)
Surface area 1.86 km2 (0.72 sq mi)
Max. depth 12.5 m (41 ft)
Water volume 11.8×10^6 m3 (420×10^6 cu ft)
Surface elevation 51 m (167 ft)
Settlements Kazan

The lakes are connected with the Kazanka River by the Bolaq channel and a subterranean channel from Bolaq-Qazansu. They are also connected with the Volga River by the city's sewage system.

The Thousandth Anniversary of Islam Mosque is situated on the bank.

The medieval Volga Bulgarians' graves which date back to 12-13th century were founded on the banks of Arğı Qaban.

One legend claims that, in the days before the Khanate of Kazan fell, the Khans threw all their valuables into the lakes.

Another legend about the origin of the lakes' names claims that, at the Mongol invasion of Volga Bulgaria, the Bulgarian prince Qabanbäk, escaped from Bilär city (or in Bolghar), fled to the banks of the lake and built a castle. Another version is that he founded İske Qazan.

Tatar myth also places Zilant, who had been transformed to Diü, as the ruler of the mythological Underwater Kingdom of Qaban.


  1. ^ Mingazova, Nafisa; et al. "Restoration of Low Kaban Lake (Kazan, Russia): 25-term experience of restoration and monitoring of ecological condition" (PDF). Kazan State University. Retrieved 15 January 2013.