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Q-type Queens car (New York City Subway car)

The Q-type (and QX) was a New York City Subway car class originally built by the Osgood-Bradley, Brill, Laconia, and Jewett car companies, and rebuilt in 1938 by the Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation (BMT) from former BU cars. These cars were one of the two car types to be rebuilt by the BMT from BU cars, the other being the C-types.

Q-Type Queens car
NYCS BMT Q.jpg
BMT Q-Type car #1612C on display at the New York Transit Museum
Q-type 1612C interior.jpg
Interior view of Q-type car 1612C
In service1938-1969
ManufacturerOsgood Bradley Car Company
J. G. Brill Company
Laconia Car Company
Jewett Car Company
Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation
Constructed1938
Number built114 cars assembled into 42 operating units
Number preserved2
Number scrapped112
FormationThree-car sets (Q) or two-car sets (QX)
Fleet numbers1600-1629 A-B-C (Q)
1630-1641 A-B (QX)
Capacity50 seats (A and C cars), 52 seats (B car)(Q)/ 50 seats (A and B cars)(QX)
Operator(s)Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation
Specifications
Car body constructionWood with steel frames and ends
Train length137 feet (41.8 m) over the extreme ends of each unit
Car length49 feet 3 inches (15.01 m)
Width8 feet 8 inches (2.64 m)
Height12 feet (3.66 m)
Weight57,000 lb (26,000 kg)
Traction systemWH 225113 (Q)
WH 225112 (QX)
GE 259, WH 336 (Q, 1 per motor truck)
WH 300 (QX, 2 per motor truck)
Power output120 hp (89 kW) per motor (Q)
200 hp (150 kW) per motor (QX)
Track gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) (standard gauge)

DescriptionEdit

The Q-types were built for elevated railway service to the 1939 New York World's Fair. They were rebuilt from BU cars in the 1200 and 1400 series, elevated rolling stock originally built in 1903 and in 1907. There were 30 three-car Q sets numbered 1600-1629 A-B-C, and 12 two-car QX sets numbered 1630-1641 A-B. The Q sets were arranged in three-car sets, while the QX sets were arranged as married pairs.[1]

After BMT service on the joint IRT-BMT Flushing Line ended in 1949, the Q-types were refitted for operation of the IRT Third Avenue Line in Manhattan. After the latter line closed in 1955, the Q-types were refitted again to operate on the BMT Myrtle Avenue Line in 1958 to replace the last elevated gate cars in passenger service. When the lower part of the Myrtle Avenue Line closed in 1969, the Q-types were finally retired.[2][3] The oldest of the cars were in revenue service for 66 years, currently the longest such service life in New York City rapid transit operations.

PreservationEdit

  • Car 1602A (ex-BU 1410) is preserved the Trolley Museum of New York.[4] It is awaiting restoration.
  • Car 1612C (ex-BU 1417) is preserved at the New York Transit Museum. This car was previously used as a work car before it was restored to its original condition for the museum collection in 1979. It is painted in its original blue and orange paint scheme (the colors of the New York City flag), which it wore during the 1939 World's Fair.

Q-type set 1622 A-B-C, was previously preserved by the New York Transit Museum. However, in 1979, it was converted into BU gate cars 1407, 1273 and 1404 (their original numbers prior to conversion), although the cars retained their 1957 lowered roofs and 1950 lightweight trucks and motors.[5][6]

ReferencesEdit