Pythodoros of Tralles

Pythodoros of Tralles, also known as Pythodorus (Greek: Πυθόδωρος; c. 70 – after 28 BC), was an exceedingly wealthy Greek living in the 1st century BC. Pythodoros originally came from Tralles (modern Aydın, Turkey). Not much is known about his family. He was a friend to the Roman triumvir Pompey.

Pythodoros became the first son-in-law of the Roman triumvir Mark Antony. In 36 BC, Pythodoros had married to one of Antony’s eldest children, his daughter Antonia.[1] Antonia was the daughter and only child from the triumvir’s second marriage to his paternal cousin Antonia Hybrida Minor. His wife was about 20 years younger than he was. The reason that Antony arranged for Pythodoros to marry his daughter was to hopefully gain some of Pythodoros’ wealth for his war chest in his campaign to invade Parthia. However, it is uncertain if Antony ever managed to do this.

Pythodoros and his wife settled in Smyrna (modern İzmir, Turkey). Either in 30 BC or 29 BC, Antonia bore Pythodoros a daughter and only child Pythodorida, who through her marriages became Queen of Pontus and Cappadocia. Pythodorida was born and raised in Smyrna.



  1. ^ App. BC 5.93; for a brief discussion, see Gaius Stern, Women, Children, and Senators on the Ara Pacis Augustae, (Berk. diss. 2006), page 43 FN 12.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 28, 2007. Retrieved January 4, 2008.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Antony and Cleopatra". 2002-03-27. Retrieved 2016-05-23.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 11, 2008. Retrieved January 4, 2008.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Who was Who in Roman Times: Data on Persons: Antonia". Retrieved 2016-05-23.
  6. ^ "Ptolemaic Dynasty - Cleopatra VII root". Retrieved 2016-05-23.