Pyrgomorphinae

The Pyrgomorphinae are a sub-family of grasshoppers (Orthoptera : Caelifera) in the family Pyrgomorphidae. Species are found in, especially the warmer parts of: Central and South America, southern Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia and Pacific Islands. The type genus is Pyrgomorpha and names dates from "Pyrgomorphiden" by Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1874. The first use of Pyrgomorphinae was by Krauss in 1890.[1]

Pyrgomorphinae
Grasshopper (Taphronota calliparea) female.jpg
Taphronota calliparea, Uganda
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Orthoptera
Suborder: Caelifera
Family: Pyrgomorphidae
Subfamily: Pyrgomorphinae
Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1874

Tribes and generaEdit

The Orthoptera Species File lists the following:[2]

AtractomorphiniEdit

Bolívar, 1905; Distribution: Africa, Asia, Australia

 
Atractomorpha lata

ChlorizeininiEdit

Kevan & Akbar, 1964; Distribution: Africa, Asia

ChrotogoniniEdit

Bolívar, 1904; Distribution: Africa, Asia

DesmopteriniEdit

Bolívar, 1905; Distribution: W. Africa, Asia, Australia

DictyophoriniEdit

Kirby, 1902; Distribution: Africa

 
Mature and immature Dictyophorus spumans photographed in the Cedarberg in South Africa

MonistriiniEdit

Kevan & Akbar, 1964; Distribution: Australia

OmuriniEdit

Kevan, 1961; Distribution: South America

PetasidiniEdit

Key, 1985; Distribution: Australia

PhymateiniEdit

Bolívar, 1884; Distribution: Africa (incl. Madagascar), China

 
Variegated grasshopper (Zonocerus variegatus) nymph, Ghana

PoekiloceriniEdit

Burmeister, 1840; Distribution: Africa, India, Indo-China, Malesia, PNG

PsednuriniEdit

Burr, 1904; Distribution: Australia

PseudomorphacridiniEdit

Kevan & Akbar, 1964; Distribution: Indo-China

PyrgomorphiniEdit

Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1874; Distribution: Southern Europe, Africa, W. Asia through to India

SchulthessiiniEdit

Kevan & Akbar, 1964; Distribution: Madagascar

SphenariiniEdit

Bolívar, 1884 - Central America, Africa, China

  • Sub-tribe Mekongianina Kevan & Akbar, 1964
  • Sub-tribe Rubelliina Kevan & Akbar, 1964
  • Sub-tribe Sphenariina Bolívar, 1884
  • Sub-tribe Sphenexiina Kevan & Akbar, 1964

TagastiniEdit

Bolívar, 1905; Distribution: SE Asia

TaphronotiniEdit

Bolívar, 1904; Distribution: Africa, India, Indo-China

 
Aularches miliaris

Tribe not assignedEdit

All genera are monotypic:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Krauss (1890) Verh. der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellsch. Wien 40:271
  2. ^ Orthoptera Species File (retrieved 8 April 2018)
  3. ^ a b c "Orthoptera (Grasshoppers & Locusts)". anic.ento.csiro.au. Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation. Retrieved 25 July 2011.
  4. ^ "2. Petasida ephippigera White".
  5. ^ "3. Scutillya verrucosa Sjöstedt".

External linksEdit