Pycnoporus sanguineus

Pycnoporus sanguineus is a white rot saprobic fungus. It was discovered on Guana Island (part of the Virgin Islands) but occurs throughout the tropics and subtropics, usually growing on dead hardwoods. It grows in the form of a thin dry conk with a lateral attachment to its substrate, or sometimes a very short stipe. The cap is orange-red to orange, lightening to salmon/buff in age. It has concentric zonation, and is finely tomentose to nearly glabrous. The pores on the underside are round, measuring 5-6 per mm with tubes up to 2mm deep. It is inedible due to its tough texture.

Pycnoporus sanguineus
Pycnoporus sanguineus RS.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Polyporales
Family: Polyporaceae
Genus: Pycnoporus
Species:
P. sanguineus
Binomial name
Pycnoporus sanguineus
(L.) Murrill (1904)
Synonyms
  • Boletus ruber Lam. (1783)
  • Boletus sanguineus L. (1763)
  • Coriolus sanguineus (L.) G.Cunn. (1949)
  • Fabisporus sanguineus (L.) Zmitr. (2001)
  • Microporus sanguineus (L.) Pat. (1900)
  • Polyporus sanguineus (L.) Fr. (1821)
  • Polystictus sanguineus (L.) G.Mey. (1818)
  • Trametes cinnabarina var. sanguinea (L.) Pilát (1936)
  • Trametes sanguinea (L.) Imazeki (1943)
  • Trametes sanguinea (L.) Lloyd (1924)
Pycnoporus sanguineus
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
pores on hymenium
cap is convex
hymenium is decurrent
stipe is bare
spore print is white
ecology is saprotrophic or parasitic
edibility: inedible

It is also a tree pathogen infecting species of Platanus and Mangifera.

DescriptionEdit

Pycnoporus sanguineus is used for both industrial and medicinal purposes throughout the world.[citation needed] A pigment extracted from the caps called cinnabarin is used in textile industries for the partial and complete de-colorization of certain dyes.[citation needed] Other industrial uses of this species include testing methods for wood treatment products and enzymes used in bio-remediation for the breakdown of crude oils.[citation needed] Traditional medicinal uses were first utilized by natives in surrounding areas[where?] of this species. Medicinal uses of P. sanguineus help relieve symptoms of the following diseases: arthritis, gout, styptic, sore throats, ulcers, tooth aches, fevers, and hemorrhages.[citation needed] P. sanguineus also displays numerous anti-bacterial properties against E. coli, K. pneumoniae, P. aeruginosa, S. typhi, and S. aureus by inhibiting specific metabolic pathways.[citation needed] Currently, P. sanguineus is being used in medicine for the absorption of certain heavy metals contained within the blood stream.[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit

  • M. D. Mashitah, Z. Zulfadhfy, S. Bhatla. Ability of Pycnoporus sanguineus to Remove Copper Ions from Aqueous Solution. Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes and Biotechnology, Jan 1999, Vol. 27, No. 5-6, Pages 429–433.
  • M. D. Mashitah, Z. Zulfadhly, S. Bhatta. Binding Mechanism of Heavy Metals Biosorption by Pycnoporus sanguineus. Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes and Biotechnology, Jan 1999, Vol. 27, No. 5-6, Pages 441–445.
  • Blanchette, R.A. 1988. Resistance of hardwood vessels to degradation by white rot Basidiomycetes. Can. J. Bot. 66: 1841–1847. Centre for Research in Fungal Diversity, Department of Ecology and Biodiversity, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong SAR, China.
  • Mashitah, M. D.; Zulfadhly, Z.; Bhatta, S.. “Binding Mechanism of Heavy Metals Biosorption by Pycnoporus sanguineus” 27.5 (1999). 04 Dec. 2009 http://www.informaworld.com/10.3109/10731199909117717