Puzur-Ashur I (Akkadian: 𒁍𒀫𒀸𒋩, translit. Pu-AMAR-Aš-ŠUR) was an Assyrian who fl. c. 2000 BC. His clearly Assyrian name (meaning, "servant of Ashur”) distinguishes him from his three immediate predecessors on the Assyrian King List, who possibly bore non-Semitic names, and from the earlier, Amorite-named,[not in citation given][improper synthesis?] "kings who are ancestors" (also translatable as, "kings whose fathers are known"), often interpreted as a list of Shamshi-Adad I's ancestors. He is known only from his place in the Assyrian King List and from references in the inscriptions of later kings (his son and successor Shalim-ahum and the much later Ashur-rim-nisheshu and Shalmaneser III.):6,8,12,15 These later kings mentioned him among the kings who had renewed the city walls of Assur begun by Kikkia.
|Reign||fl. c. 2025 BC — c. 1950 BC|
Puzur-Ashur I may have started a native Assyrian dynasty that endured for eight generations until Erishum II was overthrown by the Amorite Shamshi-Adad I. Hildegard Levy, writing in the Cambridge Ancient History, rejects this interpretation and sees Puzur-Aššur I as part of a longer dynasty started by one of his predecessors, Sulili. Inscriptions link Puzur-Aššur I to his immediate successors,:7–8 who, according to the Assyrian King List, are related to the following kings down to Erišum II.:14 The Assyrian King List omits Zariqum, who is known from inscriptions to have been governor (ensí) of Assur for the Third Dynasty of Ur under Amar-Sin; this Zariqum (whose name is Semitic) is sometimes placed by scholars immediately before Puzur-Ashur I, and following Akiya.
This section may stray from the topic of the article. (May 2015)
Puzur-Ashur I's successors bore the title Išši’ak Aššur, vice regent of Assur, as well as ensí.
fl. c. 2025 BC — c. 1950 BC
- Arthur Ungnad interpreted these names as Hurrian (BA VI, 5, S. 13) but Ungnad's thesis can no longer be sustained nowadays and was rejected as unconvincing by Arno Poebel ("The Assyrian King List from Khorsabad", Journal of Near Eastern Studies 1/3, 1942, 253) as early as 1942.
- Meissner, Bruno (1990). Reallexikon der Assyriologie. 6. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. pp. 101–102. ISBN 3110100517.
- Albert Kirk Grayson (1972). Assyrian Royal Inscriptions, Volume 1. Otto Harrassowitz.
- Hildegard Levy, "Assyria c. 2600-1816 B.C.", Cambridge Ancient History. Volume 1, Part 2: Early History of the Middle East, 729-770, p. 746-747.
- Albert Kirk Grayson (2002). Assyrian Rulers. Volume 1: 1114 – 859 BC. p. 14.
- Barbara Cifola (1995). Analysis of variants in the Assyrian royal titulary from the origins to Tiglath-Pileser III. Istituto universitario orientale. p. 8.
c. 2025 BC/
c. 1950 BC
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