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Puzur-Ashur I (Akkadian: 𒁍𒀫𒀸𒋩, translit. Pu-AMAR-Aš-ŠUR) was an Assyrian who fl. c. 2000 BC. His clearly Assyrian name (meaning, "servant of Ashur[citation needed]) distinguishes him from his three immediate predecessors on the Assyrian King List, who possibly bore non-Semitic names,[1] and from the earlier, Amorite-named,[not in citation given][improper synthesis?] "kings who are ancestors" (also translatable as, "kings whose fathers are known"), often interpreted as a list of Shamshi-Adad I's ancestors.[2] He is known only from his place in the Assyrian King List and from references in the inscriptions of later kings (his son and successor Shalim-ahum and the much later Ashur-rim-nisheshu and Shalmaneser III.)[3]:6,8,12,15 These later kings mentioned him among the kings who had renewed the city walls of Assur begun by Kikkia.[4]

Puzur-Ashur I
Išši’ak Aššur
Reign fl. c. 2025 BC — c. 1950 BC
Predecessor Akiya
Successor Shalim-ahum

Puzur-Ashur I may have started a native Assyrian dynasty that endured for eight generations until Erishum II was overthrown by the Amorite Shamshi-Adad I.[citation needed] Hildegard Levy, writing in the Cambridge Ancient History, rejects this interpretation and sees Puzur-Aššur I as part of a longer dynasty started by one of his predecessors, Sulili.[4] Inscriptions link Puzur-Aššur I to his immediate successors,[3]:7–8[5] who, according to the Assyrian King List, are related to the following kings down to Erišum II.[3]:14 The Assyrian King List omits Zariqum, who is known from inscriptions to have been governor (ensí) of Assur for the Third Dynasty of Ur under Amar-Sin; this Zariqum (whose name is Semitic) is sometimes placed by scholars immediately before Puzur-Ashur I, and following Akiya.[citation needed]

Puzur-Ashur I's successors bore the title Išši’ak Aššur, vice regent of Assur, as well as ensí.[6]

Preceded by
Išši’ak Aššur
fl. c. 2025 BC — c. 1950 BC
Succeeded by

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Arthur Ungnad interpreted these names as Hurrian (BA VI, 5, S. 13) but Ungnad's thesis can no longer be sustained nowadays[citation needed] and was rejected as unconvincing by Arno Poebel ("The Assyrian King List from Khorsabad", Journal of Near Eastern Studies 1/3, 1942, 253) as early as 1942.
  2. ^ Meissner, Bruno (1990). Reallexikon der Assyriologie. 6. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. pp. 101–102. ISBN 3110100517. 
  3. ^ a b c Albert Kirk Grayson (1972). Assyrian Royal Inscriptions, Volume 1. Otto Harrassowitz. 
  4. ^ a b Hildegard Levy, "Assyria c. 2600-1816 B.C.", Cambridge Ancient History. Volume 1, Part 2: Early History of the Middle East, 729-770, p. 746-747.
  5. ^ Albert Kirk Grayson (2002). Assyrian Rulers. Volume 1: 1114 – 859 BC. p. 14. 
  6. ^ Barbara Cifola (1995). Analysis of variants in the Assyrian royal titulary from the origins to Tiglath-Pileser III. Istituto universitario orientale. p. 8. 
Preceded by
Išši’ak Aššur
c. 2025 BC/
c. 1950 BC
Succeeded by