Purshia (bitterbrush or cliff-rose) is a small genus of 5–8 species of flowering plants in the family Rosaceae which are native to western North America.

Purshia stansburyana
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Dryadoideae
Genus: Purshia
DC. ex Poir.
Type species
Purshia tridentata
  • Cowania D.Don ex Tilloch & Taylor
  • Greggia Engelm.
  • Kunzia Spreng.

Description edit

Purshia species form deciduous or evergreen shrubs, typically reaching 0.3–5 metres (1–16+12 feet) tall. The leaves are 1–3 centimetres (121+14 inches) long, deeply three- to five-lobed, with revolute margins. The flowers are 1–2 cm in diameter, with five white to pale yellow or pink petals and yellow stamens. The fruit is a cluster of dry, slender, leathery achenes which are 2–6 cm long. The roots have nodules that host nitrogen-fixing Frankia bacterium.[1]

Taxonomy edit

Taxonomic history edit

The genus was originally placed in the subfamily Rosoideae.[2] In the past, the evergreen species were treated separately in the genus Cowania; this genus is still accepted by some botanists.

Modern classification edit

The classification of Purshia within the family Rosaceae has been unclear.[3][4] It is now placed in the subfamily Dryadoideae.[2]

Species edit

Purshia comprises the following species:[5][6]

Hybrids edit

The following hybrid has been described:[5]

  • Purshia × subintegra (Kearney) Henr. (P. pinkavae × P. stansburyana) – (Arizona)

Species names with uncertain taxonomic status edit

The status of the following species and hybrids is unresolved:[5]

  • Purshia ciliata Dennst.
  • Purshia mollis  Lehm.
  • Purshia plicata (D.Don) Henr.
  • Purshia subintegra (Kearney) Henrickson

Distribution and habitat edit

The genus is native to western North America, where the species grow in dry climates from southeast British Columbia, Canada, south throughout the western United States to northern Mexico.

Gallery edit

References edit

  1. ^ Swensen, S.M.; Mullin, B.C. (1997). "The impact of molecular systematics on hypotheses for the evolution of root nodule symbioses and implications for expanding symbioses to new host plant genera". Plant and Soil. 194 (1–2): 185–192. doi:10.1023/A:1004240004063.
  2. ^ a b Potter, D.; Eriksson, T.; Evans, R.C.; Oh, S.; Smedmark, J.E.E.; Morgan, D.R.; Kerr, M.; Robertson, K.R.; Arsenault, M.; Dickinson, T.A.; Campbell, C.S. (2007). "Phylogeny and classification of Rosaceae". Plant Systematics and Evolution. 266 (1–2): 5–43. doi:10.1007/s00606-007-0539-9.
  3. ^ Morgan, D.R.; Soltis, D.E.; Robertson, K.R. (1994). "Systematic and evolutionary implications of rbcL sequence variation in Rosaceae". American Journal of Botany. 81 (7): 890–903. doi:10.1002/j.1537-2197.1994.tb15570.x. JSTOR 2445770.
  4. ^ Eriksson, T.; Hibbs, M.S.; Yoder, A.D.; Delwiche, C.F.; Donoghue, M.J. (2003). "The phylogeny of Rosoideae (Rosaceae) based on sequences of the internal transcribed spacers (ITS) of nuclear ribosomal DNA and the trnL/F region of chloroplast DNA". International Journal of Plant Sciences. 164 (2): 197–211. doi:10.1086/346163.
  5. ^ a b c "The Plant List entry for Purshia". The Plant List, v.1.1. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and the Missouri Botanical Garden. September 2013. Retrieved 15 December 2020.
  6. ^ Govaerts R. "Purshia DC. ex Poir". Plants of the World Online. Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 15 December 2020.

External links edit