Puracé National Natural Park

The Puracé National Natural Park (Spanish: Parque Nacional Natural Puracé) is a national park located in the Andean Region of Colombia, southeast of the city of Popayán in the Cordillera Central range. Its main feature is the active stratovolcano Puracé,[1] one of Colombia's most active volcanoes.[2] Four of the country's most important rivers originate within the area:[3] Magdalena River, Cauca River, Japurá River and Patía River.[4]

El Parque Nacional Natural Puracé
Puracé National Natural Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Zona Purace.jpg
Map showing the location of El Parque Nacional Natural Puracé
Map showing the location of El Parque Nacional Natural Puracé
Nearest cityPopayán, Colombia
Coordinates2°12′N 76°21′W / 2.200°N 76.350°W / 2.200; -76.350Coordinates: 2°12′N 76°21′W / 2.200°N 76.350°W / 2.200; -76.350
Area830 km2 (320 sq mi)[1]
Established1961[1]
Governing bodySINAP

GeneralEdit

It was established in 1961 as the first national park in the Cauca Department.[1][4] During the 1990s the FARC guerrilla used the park as a base camp, but it has been cleaned of the forces since 2002 after the President of Colombia Álvaro Uribe's campaign against the movement.[4]

The only active volcano in the area is Puracé at 4,580 metres (15,030 ft) above mean sea level. In addition there are two higher volcanoes, Azúcar at 5,000 m (16,000 ft) and Coconuco at 4,600 m (15,100 ft), and four more with and elevation between 4,400 m (14,400 ft) and 4,500 m (14,800 ft).[5]

The way to get to the park is through Popayán, capital of the Department of Cauca, which can be reached by the Pan-American highway that connects the country from north to south. Then take the road to the town of Puracé, located at the foot of the volcano. It is 44 km long and takes about an hour. The road is in good condition. From Puracé you continue to a point called "El Crucero", and then - 1 km further - to the beautiful recreational area of Pilimbalá, in the northern sector of the volcano. Or the park can also be reached from the old Colombian police base located at 4000 meters above sea level which can be accessed by vehicle after passing through the Puracé's sulphur mines.

Starting from Pilimabalá at a medium pace and with good weather, it can take 3 ½ h to ascend to the crater. If the ascent is made via the military base the journey is much shorter and may take around 1 ½ to 2 h.

ClimateEdit

The highest daytime temperatures are between 14 and 16 °C (57 and 61 °F), and the coldest nighttime temperatures below freezing.[4] The average yearly rainfall is 2,500 millimetres (98 in) and tend to decrease as elevation increases. Frost occurs frequently above 3,000 m (9,800 ft) and almost daily above 4,200 m (13,800 ft).[6]

Flora and faunaEdit

Over 200 orchids[6] and nationally threatened species such as the Colombian Pine, Andean Oak, Wax palm tree are found in the park.[5][7] It is home to over 160 species of birds, of which hummingbirds, ducks, birds of prey are the most dominating.[7] Several mammals are found in the park: spectacled bear, mountain tapir, cougar, pudú[1][4] as well as the Andean condor that the San Diego Zoo helped to reintroduce in the 1990s.[4] The lower elevation forests are home to four primates: woolly monkey, howler monkey, gray-bellied night monkey, tufted capuchin.[8]

GalleryEdit

CommunitiesEdit

The park's area serves as an indigenous reservation for the Cocunuco ethnic group, in the Pilimbalá sector, where the same community offers comfortable lodging and typical food. There is also an indigenous Guambiano settlement.

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Puracé National Park". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 10 July 2010.
  2. ^ "Puracé". Global Volcanism Program. Retrieved 10 July 2010.
  3. ^ Villegas & Sesana 2007, p. 133
  4. ^ a b c d e f Caputo, Newton & McColl 2009, p. 424
  5. ^ a b "Parque Nacional Natural Puracé" (in Spanish). Parques Nacionales Naturales de Colombia. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 10 July 2010.
  6. ^ a b Villegas & Sesana 2007, p. 134
  7. ^ a b "Naturaleza y Ciencia del Parque Nacional Natural Puracé" (in Spanish). Parques Nacionales Naturales de Colombia. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 10 July 2010.
  8. ^ Villegas & Sesana 2007, p. 137

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit