Puerto Varas, also known as "La ciudad de las rosas" or “the city of roses”, is a city and commune located in the southern Chilean province of Llanquihue, in the Los Lagos Region.

Puerto Varas
View of Puerto Varas with Osorno Volcano and Llanquihue Lake in the background.
View of Puerto Varas with Osorno Volcano and Llanquihue Lake in the background.
Coat of arms
Location of Puerto Varas commune in Los Lagos Region
Puerto Varas is located in Chile
Puerto Varas
Puerto Varas
Location in Chile
Coordinates: 41°19′S 72°59′W / 41.317°S 72.983°W / -41.317; -72.983
RegionLos Lagos
Founded asPuerto Varas
Founded12 February 1854
 • TypeMunicipality
 • AlcaldeTomás Garate
 • Total4,064.9 km2 (1,569.5 sq mi)
 (2012 Census)[2]
 • Total37,561
 • Density9.2/km2 (24/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Rural
 • Men16,645
 • Women16,267
Time zoneUTC−4 (CLT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−3 (CLST)
Area code56 + 65
Websitewww.ptovaras.cl (in Spanish)

The city is famous for its German traditions,[3] its natural environment, and its popularity as a tourist destination. It enjoys a scenic location close to mountains, lakes, forests and national parks.[4] It is located 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the city of Puerto Montt on the shore of Llanquihue Lake, the second largest lake in Chile.[5] The conical Osorno Volcano and the snowcapped peaks of Mt. Calbuco and Mt. Tronador are clearly visible from the lakefront. Puerto Varas is the southernmost of a string of towns on the western shore of Llanquihue Lake that includes Frutillar, Llanquihue and Puerto Octay. It spans an area of 4,064.9 km2 (1,569 sq mi).

Panoramic view of Puerto Varas

History edit

The original of the city of Puerto Varas date to 1853 and is named after Antonio Varas, the Minister of the Interior at the time. It was founded by German immigrants who settled the shores of Lake Llanquihue as part of a government colonization project during the presidency of Manuel Montt (1851-1861).[6]

The area known as the "Llanquihue Lake Colonization Territory" was created by the government on 27 June 1853, and by the end of 1853, the first 212 German families had immigrated to what would be Puerto Varas.[7]

The first area to be settled was known as La Fabrica, where the road from Puerto Montt and the coast reached Llanquihue Lake. Other landmarks in its early history include the opening of a Catholic church in 1872 and the founding of the Deutscher Verein ("German Club") in 1885. The town received official status in the form of a Título de Villa ("Town Certification") in 1897. The commune of Puerto Varas, as it exists today, was formed in December 1925, when the Ministry of the Interior divided the country into provinces, and communes.[8]

Demographics edit

According to population projections from Chile’s National Statistics Institute, in 2012 the commune of Puerto Varas had 41,255 inhabitants (21,093 men and 20,162 women). The population had increased by 25% since the 2002 census.[9]

Architecture edit

Puerto Varas is characterized by traditional German architecture, with houses built from alerce wood using tools brought over from Europe by the 19th century colonial inhabitants. It was designated a Zona Típica (heritage zone) in 1992 and has a number of protected buildings, including the Iglesia del Sagrado Corazón de Jesus (Sacred Heart of Jesus Church). Built in 1918 on one of the highest points in Puerto Varas, the wooden church is one of the city’s iconic landmarks. Other notable protected structures include Casa Kuschel (1915) and Casa Yunge (1932).[10]

Culture edit

Cultural institutions in Puerto Varas include the Antonio Felmer Museum, the Molino Machmar Art Centre, the Nativo Bosque Gallery[11] and the Pablo Fierro Museum.[12] Nearby Frutillar hosts the annual Frutillar Musical Weeks in January and February.

Cuisine edit

Baumkuchen, literally translated "tree cake" or "log cake"

Puerto Varas is known for traditional German dishes, especially Kuchen, which is celebrated on the annual Kuchen Day on the first Saturday of February.[13] Craft beers, pastries, cakes, chocolate and marmalades can also be found in the town’s shops, restaurants and cafes.

Tourism edit

Puerto Varas is a popular tourist destination with its distinctive German-inspired architecture, wide variety of hotels and inns, a casino, a beach and striking views over the lake to the Osorno and Calbuco volcanoes.

Visitors can take part in a range of outdoor sports including kayaking, fishing and trekking, and there is a winter ski centre on the slopes of Osorno Volcano. It is a good base for excursions to nearby natural landmarks including the emerald Todos los Santos Lake, the picturesque Petrohué Falls (Spanish: Saltos de Petrohué), Vicente Pérez Rosales National Park and Puyehue National Park as well as Osorno Volcano. Trips are also possible to other towns around Llanquihue Lake including Frutillar, Puerto Octay and Llanquihue.

Puerto Varas is the starting point for bus-and-boat crossings of the Andes, through spectacular forested mountains reflected in shimmering lakes, to San Carlos de Bariloche, Argentina. The trip is best made west to east with an overnight at a hotel in the midst of the wilderness.

Education edit

International schools

Transportation edit

German influence is visible in the town's prominent Sacred Heart of Jesus Church

Conveniently nearby, El Tepual International Airport for Puerto Montt is served by many daily non-stop flights from Santiago, as well as numerous flights from other cities. More than 1,100,000 passengers a year use the airport.

Administration edit

As a commune, Puerto Varas is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2012–2016 alcalde is Álvaro Berger Schmidt (PS).[1]

Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Puerto Varas is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Fidel Espinoza (PS) and Felipe DeMussy Hiriart (UDI). It is part of the 56th electoral district, together with Puyehue, Río Negro, Purranque, Puerto Octay, Fresia, Frutillar, Llanquihue and Los Muermos. The commune is represented in the Senate by Rabindranath Quinteros (PS) and Iván Moreira (UDI) as part of the 17th senatorial constituency (Los Lagos Region).

Geography edit

Climate edit

Puerto Varas has an oceanic climate (Cfb, according to the Köppen climate classification), with an average annual precipitation of 1,762 mm (69 in). Summers are mild and winters are rainy and somewhat chilly.

Climate data for Puerto Varas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 19.5
Daily mean °C (°F) 14.8
Average low °C (°F) 10.2
Average precipitation mm (inches) 77
Source: Climate-data.org[15]

Photo gallery edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b "Municipality of Puerto Varas" (in Spanish). Retrieved 1 January 2011.
  2. ^ a b c "National Statistics Institute" (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 December 2010.
  3. ^ (in Spanish) Puerto Varas, 150 Años de Historia (1852 —2002)
  4. ^ El turismo en Puerto Varas se consolido en el verano 2013 SoyChile.cl, 3 March 2013, retrieved 18 January 2015
  5. ^ [1] Educar Chile, retrieved 18 January 2015
  6. ^ (in Spanish) Varas, Su Historia[permanent dead link] PuertoVaras.org, retrieved 18 January 2015.
  7. ^ (in Spanish) Historia de Puerto Varas Archived 2010-01-24 at the Wayback Machine PuertoVaras.cl, retrieved 18 January 2015.
  8. ^ History Archived 2017-06-29 at the Wayback Machine Infopuertovaras.com, retrieved 18 January 2015.
  9. ^ NSI Puerto Varas population report National Statistics Institute, retrieved 18 January 2015.
  10. ^ Colonial Architecture of Puerto Varas WelcomeChile.com, retrieved 18 January 2015.
  11. ^ Museums and Culture Archived 2015-01-19 at the Wayback Machine PuertoVaras.org, retrieved 18 January 2015.
  12. ^ Unique museum in southern Chile is a snapshot of the past ThisisChile.cl, retrieved 18 January 2015.
  13. ^ (in Spanish) Día del Kuchen en Puerto Varas Archived 2010-02-06 at the Wayback Machine TurismoChile.com, retrieved 18 January 2015.
  14. ^ "Deutscher Bundestag 4. Wahlperiode Drucksache IV/3672" (Archive). Bundestag (West Germany). 23 June 1965. Retrieved on 12 March 2016. p. 23/51.
  15. ^ "Climate: Puerto Varas". Retrieved 2 April 2015.

External links edit