Pueblos jóvenes (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈpweβlos ˈxoβenes] (listen), "young towns") is the term used for the shanty towns that surround Lima and other cities of Peru. Many of these towns have developed into districts of Lima such as Comas, Los Olivos and Villa El Salvador.
Pueblos jóvenes were estimated to have over one million inhabitants in 1974. They were built on hillsides or beside rivers. By 2008, it was estimated that tens of millions of Peruvians were squatting land. Areas include Comas District, Los Olivos District and Villa El Salvador in Lima.
The shanty town of Medalla Milagrosa is composed of migrants from all over Peru. Others are populated by Black, Amerindian, and mestizo campesinos who since the 1940s have migrated in great waves from Peru's countryside in search of economic opportunity, turning Lima into the fourth-largest city in America. Like many other rapidly industrializing cities, Lima's job market has largely been unable to keep up with this influx of people, forcing many to accept any housing available. The Peruvian government has permitted these communities to continue largely because it realizes that, were they to eradicate them, the inhabitants would simply move elsewhere in the city's peripheral areas.
- Lloyd, Peter (23 October 1980). The 'young Towns' of Lima: Aspects of Urbanization in Peru. CUP Archive. p. 47. ISBN 978-0-521-29688-5.
- Dosh, Paul (10 April 2008). "Incremental Gains: Lima's Tenacious Squatters' Movement". NACLA. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
- Riofrío, Gustavo. "The case of Lima, Peru" (PDF). UCL. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
- "Some "Young Towns" in Lima Not So Young Anymore". COHA. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
- Lloyd, Peter (23 October 1980). The 'young Towns' of Lima: Aspects of Urbanization in Peru. CUP Archive. p. 60. ISBN 978-0-521-29688-5.
- Lloyd, Peter (1980). The 'young Towns' of Lima: Aspects of Urbanization in Peru. Cambridge: CUP Archive. p. 143. ISBN 0521296889.