Publius Aelius Paetus

Publius Aelius Paetus (fl. c. 240 BC – 174 BC) was a Roman consul of the late 3rd century BC. He was a prominent supporter and ally[citation needed] of Scipio Africanus, and was elected censor with Africanus in 199.[1]

FamilyEdit

Publius Aelius Paetus was apparently the elder surviving son of Quintus Aelius Paetus, a praetor who was killed at Cannae in August 216 BC. The father may have been descended from Publius Aelius Paetus, who was consul in 337 BC and a Master of the Horse, and as such, one of the earliest plebeian consuls; another ancestor may have been Gaius Aelius Paetus, consul in 286 BC.

His younger brother was Sextus Aelius Paetus Catus who became consul in 198 and censor in 194, and is best known to us via Cicero as a jurist and commentator on the Twelve Tables. Publius was also a jurist.[citation needed]

Political lifeEdit

Aelius Paetus makes relatively few appearances in Livy's History of Rome. He was aedile in 204 BC,[2] was elected praetor in 203 BC[3] and then selected as Master of the Horse,[4] and became consul in 201 with Gnaeus Cornelius L.f. Lentulus.[5]

In his year as consul, he made a treaty with the Ingauni Ligures and was appointed one of the ten decemvirs for the distribution of lands of the ager publicus among the veteran soldiers of Scipio Africanus in Samnium and Apulia.[6][7]

In 199 he was elected censor with Africanus himself. The two censors were relatively liberal in their lustrum and degraded none.[8]

Paetus died in 174 during a pestilence at Rome, as recorded by Livy in a fragmentary chapter.[9]

His son was Quintus Aelius Paetus, who became consul in 167.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ T. Robert S. Broughton: The Magistrates Of The Roman Republic. Vol. 1: 509 B.C. - 100 B.C.. Cleveland / Ohio: Case Western Reserve University Press, 1951. Reprint 1968. (Philological Monographs. Edited by the American Philological Association. Vol. 15, 1), p. 327
  2. ^ Livy, Ab urbe condita, XXIX, 38
  3. ^ Livy, Ab urbe condita, XXX, 1
  4. ^ Livy, Ab urbe condita, XXX, 39
  5. ^ Livy Ab urbe condita XXX 40,5; see also Fasti Capitolini: P.Ail[ius Q. f. P. n. Paitus]
  6. ^ Livy, Ab urbe condita, XXXI, 4
  7. ^ T. Robert S. Broughton: The Magistrates Of The Roman Republic. Vol. 1: 509 B.C. - 100 B.C.. Cleveland / Ohio: Case Western Reserve University Press, 1951. Reprint 1968. (Philological Monographs. Edited by the American Philological Association. Vol. 15, 1), p. 319-319-323
  8. ^ Livy, Ab urbe condita, XXXII, 7
  9. ^ Livy, Ab urbe condita, XLI 21,8
Political offices
Preceded by Roman consul
201 BC
with Gnaeus Cornelius Lentulus
Succeeded by
Preceded by Roman censor
199–198 BC
with Scipio Africanus
Succeeded by