Public Prosecution Service (Indonesia)

The Public Prosecution Service of the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Kejaksaan Republik Indonesia) is the government agency of Indonesia authorized for conducting public prosecution in Indonesia. It has other duties and authorities over certain matters as prescribed by laws.[3][4]

Public Prosecution Service
Kejaksaan Republik Indonesia
Logo of Public Prosecution Service
Logo of Public Prosecution Service
MottoSatya Adhi Wicaksana
Agency overview
Formed19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)
as a department under the Ministry of Justice
Jurisdictional structure
National agency
(Operations jurisdiction)
Indonesia
Operations jurisdictionIndonesia
Legal jurisdictionIndonesia
Constituting instrument
  • Law No. 16/2004 on Public Prosecutor Service[1]
Operational structure
HeadquartersJl. Sultan Hasanudin No. 1 Kebayoran Baru, South Jakarta
Prosecutors10,412 person (2016)[2]
Administrative personnels22,335 person (2016)[2]
Agency executive
Website
www.kejaksaan.go.id

StructureEdit

The Service is structured on three levels of governance: National, Provincial, and Municipal (although formally, it is only known as Central and Regional level).[5]

  • Office of the Attorney-General (Indonesian: Kejaksaan Agung Republik Indonesia), based in the national capital Jakarta, with nation-wide jurisdiction. It is headed by the Attorney-General (Jaksa Agung), a state official who was appointed by, and only answers to the President. The Attorney-General also headed the entire Indonesian Public Prosecution Service.
  • Provincial Prosecutor's Office (Indonesian: Kejaksaan Tinggi), based in the provincial capital, with province-wide jurisdiction. It is headed by a chief high prosecutor (Kepala Kejaksaan Tinggi).
  • District Prosecutor's Office (Indonesian: Kejaksaan Negeri), based in the municipalities (cities and regencies), with city- and regency-wide jurisdiction. It is headed by a chief district prosecutor (Kepala Kejaksaan Negeri).
  • Branch Prosecutor's Office (Indonesian: Cabang Kejaksaan Negeri) are special prosecutor office formed by the Attorney-General's decision, subordinated to the District Prosecutor's Office. It is headed by a chief branch district prosecutor (Kepala Cabang Kejaksaan Negeri).

Powers and dutiesEdit

Main PowersEdit

Under the 2004 Public Prosecution Service Act (Undang-Undang Nomor 16 Tahun 2004 tentang Kejaksaan Republik Indonesia) Article 30, the prosecutors of the Service are vested with law enforcement authority in:[1][6]

  1. Criminal cases, of which the prosecutors:
    1. conduct public prosecution activities;
    2. execute court orders and legally-binding court sentences;
    3. oversee the executions of probations, conditional sentences, and paroles;
    4. investigate certain criminal matters as prescribed by laws;
    5. prepare the required documents to proceed criminal cases to trial, and order further examinations investigations if needed.
  2. Civil and State Administration cases, of which the prosecutors may be authorized to represent the state or the government, in the court or outside, for the duration of the proceedings.
  3. Public Peace and Order, of which the prosecutors:
    1. promote public awareness of the law;
    2. promote policies of the law enforcement;
    3. secure circulations of print-based media;
    4. observe any beliefs that may endanger the public and the state;
    5. prevent religious misuse and/or blasphemy of the faiths;
    6. research and develop the crime statistics.

OthersEdit

  • Article 31: Prosecutors are allowed to ask presiding judges to order convicts who are mentally compromised, physically unhealthy, or considered to be a danger to themselves, others, and the surroundings, to be held in hospitals, mental health facilities, or other facilities that may care for and secure them.
  • Article 32: Prosecutors' powers may be expanded further and regulated as prescribed by laws.
  • Article 33: Prosecutors are to cooperate with other law enforcement agencies and other government agencies.
  • Article 34: Prosecutors may provide legal assistance toward other agencies.

2021 amendmentEdit

Under the 2021 amendment of the Public Prosecution Service Act, new powers were added.[7]

  • Article 30A: Concerning cases involving asset recovery activity, prosecutors are authorized to track down, seize, and return said assets to the state, the victims, or rightful parties.
  • Article 30B: Concerning intelligence activities of law enforcement, prosecutors are authorized to
    • investigate, secure, and gather intelligences;
    • establish an environment friendly to development efforts;
    • cooperate with other intelligence agencies, both domestic and overseas;
    • prevent activities of corruption, collusion, and nepotism; and
    • conduct multimedia supervision.
  • Article 30C: The Public Prosecution Service is then tasked with additional duties, as follow.
    • create a crime activities statistics and a health service of the Public Prosecution Service;
    • be actively involved in truth seeking of human rights violation cases;
    • be actively involved in the victims and witnesses' affairs of a criminal case;
    • conduct criminal mediation, asset seizure for the payment of fines, substitute penalties, and restitutions;
    • provide investigative information regarding one's criminal records or criminal charges for the purpose of sitting in a public office;
    • conduct other civil and/or public functions as prescribed by law;
    • seize assets for the payment of fines and bails;
    • request a Judicial Review of a Court Decision; and
    • conduct wiretapping operation and serve as monitoring center.

List of Public Prosecutor's OfficesEdit

Office of the Attorney General
No. Prosecutor's Office Office Seat Address
1 Attorney General's Office of Indonesia Jakarta Jl. Sultan Hasanudin No. 1 Kebayoran Baru Jakarta Selatan 12160
Offices of the High Prosecutor
No. Prosecutors' Offices Jurisdiction Office Seat
1 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of Aceh

Kejaksaan Tinggi Aceh

Aceh Banda Aceh
2 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of North Sumatra

Kejaksaan Tinggi Sumatera Utara

North Sumatra Medan
3 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of Riau

Kejaksaan Tinggi Riau

Riau Pekanbaru
4 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of West Sumatra

Kejaksaan Tinggi Sumatera Barat

West Sumatra Padang
5 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of Jambi

Kejaksaan Tinggi Jambi

Jambi Jambi City
6 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of South Sumatra

Kejaksaan Tinggi Sumatera Selatan

South Sumatra Palembang
7 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of Bengkulu

Kejaksaan Tinggi Bengkulu

Bengkulu Bengkulu City
8 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of Lampung

Kejaksaan Tinggi Lampung

Lampung Bandar Lampung
9 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of Bangka-Belitung

Kejaksaan Tinggi Bangka-Belitung

Bangka Belitung Islands Pangkal Pinang
10 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of Riau Islands

Kejaksaan Tinggi Kepulauan Riau

Riau Islands Tanjung Pinang
11 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of Banten

Kejaksaan Tinggi Banten

Banten Serang
12 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of Jakarta

Kejaksaan Tinggi Daerah Khusus

Ibukota Jakarta

Jakarta Central Jakarta
13 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of West Java

Kejaksaan Tinggi Jawa Barat

West Java Bandung
14 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of Central Java

Kejaksaan Tinggi Jawa Tengah

Central Java Semarang
15 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of Yogyakarta

Kejaksaan Tinggi Daerah Istimewa

Yogyakarta

Special Region of

Yogyakarta

Yogyakarta City
16 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of East Java

Kejaksaan Tinggi Jawa Timur

East Java Surabaya
17 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of Bali

Kejaksaan Tinggi Bali

Bali Denpasar
18 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of West Nusa Tenggara

Kejaksaan Tinggi Nusa Tenggara

Barat

West Nusa Tenggara Mataram
19 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of East Nusa Tenggara

Kejaksaan Tinggi Nusa Tenggara

Timur

East Nusa Tenggara Kupang
20 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of West Kalimantan

Kejaksaan Tinggi Kalimantan Barat

West Kalimantan Pontianak
21 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of Central Kalimantan

Kejaksaan Tinggi Kalimantan Tengah

Central Kalimantan Palangkaraya
22 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of South Kalimantan

Kejaksaan Tinggi Kalimantan Selatan

South Kalimantan Banjarmasin
23 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of East Kalimantan

Kejaksaan Tinggi Kalimantan Timur

East Kalimantan

and

North Kalimantan

Samarinda
24 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of North Sulawesi

Kejaksaan Tinggi Sulawesi Utara

North Sulawesi Manado
25 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of Gorontalo

Kejaksaan Tinggi Gorontalo

Gorontalo Gorontalo City
26 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of Central Sulawesi

Kejaksaan Tinggi Sulawesi Tengah

Central Sulawesi Palu
27 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of West Sulawesi

Kejaksaan Tinggi Sulawesi Barat

West Sulawesi Mamuju
28 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of South Sulawesi

Kejaksaan Tinggi Sulawesi Selatan

South Sulawesi Makassar
29 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of Southeast Sulawesi

Kejaksaan Tinggi Sulawesi Tenggara

Southeast Sulawesi Kendari
30 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of North Maluku

Kejaksaan Tinggi Maluku Utara

North Maluku Ternate
31 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of Maluku

Kejaksaan Tinggi Maluku

Maluku Ambon
32 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of West Papua

Kejaksaan Tinggi Papua Barat

West Papua Manokwari
33 Provincial Prosecutor's Office of Papua

Kejaksaan Tinggi Papua

Papua Jayapura

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Undang-Undang Nomor 16 Tahun 2004 tentang Kejaksaan Republik Indonesia". Law No. 16 of 2004 (in Indonesian).
  2. ^ a b "Laporan Tahunan 2016 Kejaksan Republik Indonesia" (PDF). Public Prosecution Service. 2016. p. 24. Retrieved 24 December 2021.
  3. ^ "Pengertian Kejaksaan". www.kejaksaan.go.id. Retrieved 21 December 2021.
  4. ^ Zaimaru, Ersyiwo. "The Role And Function Of The Indonesian Prosecution Service In Criminal Justice" (PDF). Resource Material Series. 53.
  5. ^ "Struktur Organisasi". www.kejaksaan.go.id. Retrieved 21 December 2021.
  6. ^ "Tugas & Wewenang Kejaksaan Republik Indonesia". www.kejaksaan.go.id. Retrieved 21 December 2021.
  7. ^ "Undang-Undang No. 11 Tahun 2021 tentang Perubahan atas Undang-Undang Nomor 16 Tahun 2004 tentang Kejaksaan Republik Indonesia". Law No. 11 of 2021 (in Indonesian). Retrieved 1 April 2022.