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PuTTY (//) is a free and open-source terminal emulator, serial console and network file transfer application. It supports several network protocols, including SCP, SSH, Telnet, rlogin, and raw socket connection. It can also connect to a serial port. The name "PuTTY" has no definitive meaning.
A screenshot of PuTTY running under Ubuntu MATE
|Initial release||January 8, 1999|
0.70 / July 8, 2017
|Operating system||Microsoft Windows, macOS, Linux|
PuTTY was originally written for Microsoft Windows, but it has been ported to various other operating systems. Official ports are available for some Unix-like platforms, with work-in-progress ports to Classic Mac OS and macOS, and unofficial ports have been contributed to platforms such as Symbian, Windows Mobile and Windows Phone.
PuTTY was written and is maintained primarily by Simon Tatham.
PuTTY supports many variations on the secure remote terminal, and provides user control over the SSH encryption key and protocol version, alternate ciphers such as 3DES, Arcfour, Blowfish, DES, and Public-key authentication. It also can emulate control sequences from xterm, VT102 or ECMA-48 terminal emulation, and allows local, remote, or dynamic port forwarding with SSH (including X11 forwarding). The network communication layer supports IPv6, and the SSH protocol supports the firstname.lastname@example.org delayed compression scheme. It can also be used with local serial port connections.
PuTTY consists of several components:
- PuTTY: the Telnet, rlogin, and SSH client itself, which can also connect to a serial port
- PSCP: an SCP client, i.e. command-line secure file copy
- PSFTP: an SFTP client, i.e. general file transfer sessions much like FTP
- PuTTYtel: a Telnet-only client
- Plink: a command-line interface to the PuTTY back ends
- Pageant: an SSH authentication agent for PuTTY, PSCP and Plink
- PuTTYgen: an RSA, DSA, ECDSA and EdDSA key generation utility
- pterm: a standalone terminal emulator
Justin James of TechRepublic cited its reliability, cost, cross-platform support, and features as positives. He faulted complex configuration, extended beta testing, and lack of support for scripting. J. Peter Bruzzese of InfoWorld included it in his list of 15 Essential Open Source Tools for Windows Admins and wrote that its imitators are not as good.
- Earliest documented release
- PuTTY version 0.70 is released
- Putty FAQ – Pronunciation
- "PuTTY FAQ".
[PuTTY is] the name of a popular SSH and Telnet client. Any other meaning is in the eye of the beholder. It's been rumoured that ‘PuTTY’ is the antonym of ‘getty’, or that it's the stuff that makes your Windows useful, or that it's a kind of plutonium Teletype. We couldn't possibly comment on such allegations.though "tty" is the name for a terminal in the Unix tradition, usually held to be short for Teletype, and putty is material for sealing glass in window frames, and may refer to Microsoft Windows lacking a built in SSH client.
- PuTTY for Symbian OS
- Forum Nokia Wiki – PuTTY for Symbian OS
- Barrett, Daniel; Silverman, Richard; Byrnes, Robert (2005). SSH, The Secure Shell: The Definitive Guide. O'Reilly Media. pp. 577–579. ISBN 9780596008956.
- PuTTY FAQ: Does PuTTY support SSH-2?
- PuTTY Change Log
- James, Justin (2009-08-06). "Review: PuTTY terminal application". TechRepublic. Retrieved 2015-09-18.
- Bruzzese, J. Peter (2014-12-08). "15 essential open source tools for Windows admins". InfoWorld. Retrieved 2015-09-18.