Puławianie was an informal designation of one of two peer groups of communists in postwar politics of Stalinist Poland, bidding for power within the leadership of the Polish United Workers' Party in spring of 1956, following Bierut's death. They were known as the reformists during Poland's de-Stalinisation process. The other group, dubbed Natolińczycy, was known as the hardliners.[1][2]

Roman Zambrowski leading the Puławianie faction

Puławianie united many party members of Jewish origin.[3] The most prominent representatives of the Puławy faction were Roman Zambrowski,[4] and Leon Kasman.[5] The name comes from the chain of apartment buildings at Puławska 24 and 26 streets in Warsaw, which survived the war. These apartments were settled mainly by a very high communist party officials,[6] in which some of the supporters of the Puławianie group lived. The opposed Polish clique within the communist party called them “the Jews.” Witold Jedlicki described the struggle between Natolins and the Pulawians in the booklet “Oafs and Jews”.[7][8] (Chamy i Żydy)[9]

A young group derived from parents who are members of the Puławians were connected with the March 1968 rebellion in Poland.[10]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Kozdra, Jan (2017). What Sort of Communists Are You?: The struggle between nationalism and ideology in Poland between 1944 and 1956. BookBaby Publishing. p. 176. ISBN 978-1925515657.
  2. ^ Davies, Norman (1981). God's Playground: A History of Poland. 1795 to the present. Clarendon Press. ISBN 9780198225928.
  3. ^ Komunizm w Polsce: zdrada, zbrodnia, zakłamanie, zniewolenie (in Polish). Kluszczyński. 2005. ISBN 9788374470292.
  4. ^ Gerrits, André (2009). The Myth of Jewish Communism: A Historical Interpretation. Peter Lang. ISBN 9789052014654.
  5. ^ Schatz, Jaff (1991). The Generation: The Rise and Fall of the Jewish Communists of Poland. University of California Press. ISBN 9780520071360.
  6. ^ Irwin-Zarecka, Iwona (1990-01-01). Neutralizing Memory: The Jew in Contemporary Poland. Transaction Publishers. p. 193. ISBN 9781412829526. Chamy i Żydy.
  7. ^ Gross, Jan Tomasz (2007). Fear: Anti-semitism in Poland After Auschwitz ; an Essay in Historical Interpretation. Random House Trade Paperbacks. p. 30. ISBN 9780812967463. Witold Jedlicki chamy i żydy.
  8. ^ Nowak, Jerzy Robert (1998). Zagrożenia dla Polski i polskości (in Polish). Inicjatywa Wydawn. "ad astra,". ISBN 9788387538873.
  9. ^ Jedlicki, Witold (1980). "Chamy" i "Żydy" (in Polish). Wydawnictwo Krąg.
  10. ^ ""Puławianie" i "natolińczycy"". Rzeczpospolita.