Psychomorpha

  (Redirected from Psychomorpha epimenis)

Psychomorpha is a monotypic moth genus of the family Noctuidae erected by Thaddeus William Harris in 1839. Its only species, Psychomorpha epimenis, the grapevine epimenis, was first described by Dru Drury in 1782.[1][2][3] It is found in eastern North America as far west as the Oklahoma Panhandle.[4]

Grapevine epimenis
Psychomorpha epimenis, Megan McCarty110.jpg
Psychomorpha epimenis
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
Order:
Family:
Genus:
Psychomorpha

Harris, 1839
Species:
P. epimenis
Binomial name
Psychomorpha epimenis
(Drury, 1782)
Synonyms
  • Psychomorpha euryrhoda Hampson, 1910

DescriptionEdit

The wings and body are black with a large white forewing patch and a red hindwing patch. The wingspan ranges from 2.2 to 2.7 cm.[5]

SubspeciesEdit

  • Psychomorpha epimenis epimenis
  • Psychomorpha epimenis euryrhoda (Florida) - has a red hindwing patch that stretches almost to the base of the wing[5]

HabitatEdit

This moth may be encountered in woodlands, woodland edges, and hedgerows.[6]

FlightEdit

The grapevine epimenis is a spring moth which may be found from March to early May.[5]

Life cycleEdit

The larva is black with transverse white stripes. The head, part of the thorax, the area near the end of the abdomen, and the prolegs are a reddish orange. The larva makes a leaf shelter in new foliage by taking the leaf edges and pulling them upward and then tying them together with silk. The pupa hibernates in wood or dense peat. It has one brood per year.[6]

Host plantsEdit

Host plants include:[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Beccaloni, G.; Scoble, M.; Kitching, I.; Simonsen, T.; Robinson, G.; Pitkin, B.; Hine, A.; Lyal, C., eds. (2003). "Psychomorpha". The Global Lepidoptera Names Index. Natural History Museum. Retrieved December 16, 2020.
  2. ^ Savela, Markku (September 9, 2019). "Psychomorpha Harris, 1839". Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Retrieved December 16, 2020.
  3. ^ Pitkin, Brian & Jenkins, Paul (November 5, 2004). "Psychomorpha Harris, 1839". Butterflies and Moths of the World. Natural History Museum, London. Retrieved December 16, 2020.
  4. ^ "931975.00 – 9309 – Psychomorpha epimenis (Drury, 1782) – Grapevine Epimenis Moth". North American Moth Photographers Group. Mississippi State University. Retrieved December 16, 2020.
  5. ^ a b c Covell, Charles V. Jr. (2005). Moths of Eastern North America. Virginia Museum of Natural History, Martinsville, VA. ISBN 1-884549-21-7
  6. ^ a b c Wagner, David L. (2005). Caterpillars of Eastern North America. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ. ISBN 0-691-12144-3