Psilocybe serbica is a species of mushroom in the family Hymenogastraceae. The mushroom contains the compound psilocybin. It is closely related to Psilocybe cyanescens, although the latter has a strong farinaceous odor and taste and is not translucent-striate when moist. It was reported as new to science by Meinhard Moser and Egon Horak in 1969. Molecular analysis published in 2010 has shown that P. serbica is the same species as Psilocybe bohemica described by Šebek in 1983, Psilocybe arcana described by Borovička and Hlaváček in 2001, and Psilocybe moravica by Borovička in 2003.
|Psilocybe serbica var. arcana|
Psilocybe bohemica Šebek (1983)
|gills on hymenium|
|cap is convex or conical|
|hymenium is adnate or adnexed|
|stipe has a cortina|
|spore print is blackish-brown to purple|
|ecology is saprotrophic|
Psilocybe serbica has no specific smell (somewhat raddish, but never farinaceous), taste is usually bitterish. It is a very variable species.
Its cap is (1)2–4(5) cm in diameter and obtusely conical, later becoming campanulate or convex. It expands to broadly convex or plane in age and is incurved at first then plane or decurved with age. The cap is buff-brown to dingy orangish-brown and pale ochraceous when dry. It is smooth, hygrophanous, and slightly translucent-striate when moist but not viscid and without a separable gelatinous pellicle. The flesh is whitish to cream-colored, bruising blue when injured.
Spores are purple-brown, ellipsoid, slightly flattened, and thick-walled, with a distinct germ pore. The size is very variable, mostly 10–13 × 6–7.5 μm, but also much longer.
The gills are adnate to adnexed and close, often distinctly subdecurrent. They are initially light brown, becoming dark brown with age with a purple tint, the edges remaining paler.
The stipe is 4.5-8(10) cm by 2–10 mm. It has an equal structure, slightly enlarging at the base. It is whitish with a silky gloss and glabrous, or with some whitish remnants of the fibrillose veil.
Psilocybe serbica is found growing mostly in groups, on well decayed deciduous and coniferous wood, and along urtica spp. or rubus spp. on twigs, compost, plant residue, in forests, usually in moist places along creeks, forest path and roadside verges. Not reported to be synanthropic.
- Moser M, Horak E (1968). "Psilocybe serbica spec.nov., eine neue Psilocybin und Psilocin bildende Art aus Serbien". Zeitschrift für Pilzkunde (in German). 34 (3): 137–44.
- Šebek S. (1983). "Böhmischer Kahlkopf - Psilocybe bohemica". Ceská Mykologie (in Czech). 37 (3): 177–81.
- Borovička J, Hlaváček J (2001). "The bluing Psilocybe species of the Czech Republic I. Psilocybe arcana Borovička et Hlaváček, the mysterious Psilocybe". Mykologický Sborník (in Czech). 78 (1): 2–7.
- Borovička J. (2003). "The bluing Psilocybe species of the Czech Republic III. Psilocybe moravica sp. nova, the Moravian Psilocybe". Mykologický Sborník. 80 (4): 126–141.
- Borovička J, Noordeloos ME, Gryndler M, Oborník M (2010). "Molecular phylogeny of Psilocybe cyanescens complex in Europe, with reference to the position of the secotioid Weraroa novae-zelandiae". Mycological Progress. 10 (2): 149–155. doi:10.1007/s11557-010-0684-3. S2CID 36050854.
- Gartz J, Müller GK. (1989). Analysis and cultivation of fruit bodies and mycelium of Psilocybe bohemica. Biochemie und Physiologie der Pflanzen (BPP) 184(3-4): 337-341.
- Borovicka J. (2006). New variety of Psilocybe moravica and notes on Psilocybe bohemica. Czech Mycology 58(1-2): 75–80.