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Psilocybe medullosa is a species of psychoactive mushroom. It was originally described in 1898 as Naucoria medullosa by Italian mycologist Giacomo Bresadola.[4] Czech mycologist Jan Borovička transferred it to Psilocybe in 2007.[5] A widespread but rather rare species, it is found in Europe, where it grows as a saprobe on woody debris and detritus. Chemical analysis has been used to confirm the presence of the psychedelic compounds psilocin and psilocybin in the fruit bodies but probably at low levels.[6] Psilocybe silvatica is its American sister species; it differs by subtle changes in molecular markers (LSU, ITS rDNA, and others).[6]

Psilocybe medullosa
Psilocybe medullosa (Bres.) Borovicka 713221.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Division:
Class:
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Species:
P. medullosa
Binomial name
Psilocybe medullosa
(Bres.) Borovička (2007)
Synonyms[3]
  • Naucoria medullosa Bres. (1898)
  • Galerina medullosa (Bres.) Clémençon (1977)[1]
  • Phaeogalera medullosa (Bres.) M.M.Moser (1978)[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Clémençon H. (1977). "Neue Arten von Agaricalen und Notizen zu bemerkenswerten Funden aus der Schweiz". Nova Hedwigia (in German). 28 (1): 1–44 (see p.&nbsp, 1).
  2. ^ Moser M. (1978). Kleine Kryptogamenflora – Die Röhrlinge und Blätterpilze (Agaricales). IIb/2 (4 ed.). Stuttgart: Fischer. p. 418.
  3. ^ "GSD Species Synonymy: Psilocybe medullosa (Bres.) Borovička". Species Fungorum. CAB International. Retrieved 2014-10-25.
  4. ^ Bresadola G. (1881). "Fungi tridentini". Fungi Tridentini. 2 (11–13): 47–81 (see p.&nbsp, 53).
  5. ^ Borovička J. (2007). "Psilocybe medullosa (Bres.) Borovička, comb. nova" (PDF). Mykologický Sborník (in Czech). 84 (4): 114.
  6. ^ a b Borovička J, Oborník M, Stříbrný J, Noordeloos ME, Parra Sánchez LA (2015). "Phylogenetic and chemical studies in the potential psychotropic species complex of Psilocybe atrobrunnea with taxonomic and nomenclatural notes". Persoonia. 34: 1–9. doi:10.3767/003158515X685283. PMC 4510267. PMID 26240441.  

External linksEdit