Psalm 40 is the 40th psalm from the Book of Psalms. In the Greek Septuagint version of the bible, and in its Latin translation in the Vulgate, this psalm is Psalm 39 in a slightly different numbering system.
Matthew Henry calls the psalm a "Confidence for deliverance. (1-5) Christ's work of redemption. (6-10) and a Prayer for mercy and grace. (11-17)" While some see in it the prophetic of Jesus or messiah generally.
The first part of the Psalm (verses 1-11) is one in the series of psalms of thanksgiving of an individual.
Verses 13-18 set originally possibly an independent Psalm context, because it is virtually identical to Psalm 70. This part belongs more in the group of psalms of lament.
- Verse 2 is found in the repetition of the Amidah during Rosh Hashanah.
- Verse 12 is the second verse from V'hu Rachum in Pesukei Dezimra, and the long Tachanun recited on Mondays and Thursdays.
- Commentaires sur les psaumes, d’Hilaire de Poitiers, (Paris, Éditions du Cerf, 2008), collection sources chrétiennes n°515,
- Commentaires of the Psalmes, by saint Johnn Chrysostome
- Discourse of the Psalmes, by Saint Augustin, vol.2,(Sagesses chrétiennes)
- Commentairy (jusqu’au psaume 54), by saint Thomas Aquinas, (Éditions du Cerf, 1273)
- Jean Calvin, Commentaire des psalmes, 1557
- Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary.
- Psalms 40:6-9.
- PSALM 40 overview.
- Charles Spurgeon,Treasury of David Archived 2015-11-26 at the Wayback Machine.
- Coffman's Commentaries on the Bible.
- John Wesley’s Explanatory Notes.
- The Complete Artscroll Machzor for Rosh Hashanah page 353
- The Complete Artscroll Siddur page 62
- The Complete Artscroll Siddur page 125
- Kirkpatrick, A. F. (1901). The Book of Psalms: with Introduction and Notes. The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. Book IV and V: Psalms XC-CL. Cambridge: At the University Press. p. 838. Retrieved February 28, 2019.