Psača Monastery

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Psača Monastery is an Orthodox Christian Monastery in the village of Psača, North Macedonia. It was built by Savastokrator Vlatko and his father Duke Paskač around 1354.

Psača Monastery
Псача манастир
ЕкспедицијаРанковце82.jpg
View of the monastery church
Religion
AffiliationMacedonian Orthodox Church – Ohrid Archbishopric (Eastern Orthodox Church)
DistrictPsača
Year consecrated14th century
Location
Locationvillage Psača, Kriva Palanka, North Macedonia
Emperor Uroš and King Vukašin, a fresco from Psača monastery

The monastery, dedicated to St Nicholas the Wonderworker, lies at the end of the village of Psača, 3 km from the KumanovoKriva Palanka Road, in Rankovce Municipality. It belongs to the diocese of Osogovo-Kumanovo of the Macedonian Orthodox Church.

HistoryEdit

The monastery church, the only remaining part of the original monastic complex, was erected around 1354 by Sevastokrator Vlatko and his father Grand Duke Paskač, nobles of the Serbian Empire. In 1358, Vlatko donated his monastery to Chilandar, a Serbian monastery on Mount Athos.[1]

ArchitectureEdit

The church is in the form of an elongated cross in a square with a narthex built at the same time. It originally had two domes (following the example of Lesnovo monastery), but the one above the nave collapsed at some point, leaving the central part of the church uncovered. In the 19th century the church was repaired but the missing dome was never rebuilt.[2]

The outer decoration is in alternate layers of bricks and stone with several double bay windows and some rustic sculpture. The original dedication of the church was inscribed in stone above the entrance but was destroyed during the Bulgarian occupation of Macedonia in World War I since it mentioned Emperor Uroš and King Vukašin as Serbian rulers.

Fresco paintingEdit

The fresco decoration in Psača ranks among the best of the mid-14th century. It was executed between 1366 and 1371. On the south wall of the narthex we see the endowers' composition with old Paskač and his wife Ozra paired with Vlatko, holding a model of the church, and his wife Vladislava. In front of them stand their children (grandchildren) Stefan, Uroš and Uglješa, while above them is the icon of St Nicholas to whom the church and monastery were dedicated.

Facing this composition the artists painted young Emperor Uroš and, on his left, his co-ruler and designated heir, King Vukašin of the Mrnjavčević family. These are the best representations of these important historical figures. Both the portraits of the rulers and those of the nobleman with their families are of great importance in studies of medieval costumes. Unfortunately, the inscriptions by the portraits were all destroyed by the Bulgarians during their occupation in World War I. The eyes of King Vukašin and Emperor Uroš were also scratched during the same period.[3]

The depictions of saints are done in strong colors, with much attention paid to psychological portraying.[4] There is a cycle on St Nicholas and a composition Death of Mother of God, while in the apse is the customary Communion of the Apostles with Church Fathers underneath it.[5]

Some of the frescoes were rebrushed in the 19th century.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Page not found -". Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Cite uses generic title (help)
  2. ^ St Nicholas the Wonderworker – Psacha, http://koe.mk/en/sv-nikolaj-cudotvorec-psaca/
  3. ^ С. Радојчић, Портрети српских владара у Средњем веку, Београд 1996, стр. 200-201
  4. ^ В. Ј. Ђурић, Г. Бабић-Ђорђевић, Српска уметност у Средњем веку II, Београд 1997, стр. 77
  5. ^ Манастир на свети Никола, с. Псача, http://www.mpc.org.mk/MPC/psacha.asp

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 42°09′20″N 22°12′44″E / 42.1555°N 22.2123°E / 42.1555; 22.2123