The Typographical Association (TA) was a trade union representing typographers in the United Kingdom and Ireland.
|Predecessor||National Typographical Association|
|Merged into||National Graphical Association|
|Headquarters||Beechwood, Oak Drive, Fallowfield, Manchester|
|Affiliations||TUC, ITUC, P&KTF, IGF, Labour|
The National Typographical Association collapsed in 1848, and delegates from across Yorkshire and Lancashire met at Angel Street in Sheffield to found the Provincial Typographical Association, intended to recreate the former Northern Typographical Union and to focus on paying benefits to members on strike. The union grew gradually from 481 members at the end of 1849 to 5,300 in 1877. In that year, it merged with a related relief association and dropped "Provincial" from its title.
Based in Manchester, the union focussed on demanding members serve a seven-year apprenticeship. In 1894, it began admitting women. In the 1910s, the Association established a branch in London, but the Trades Union Congress instituted arbitration which restricted it from a fifteen-mile radius of central London, the rival London Society of Compositors having rights to organise in the city.
By 1946, membership had reached 13,958. In 1964, the Association merged with the London Typographical Society to create the National Graphical Association.
The union sponsored Labour Party candidates in several Parliamentary elections, many of whom won election.
In both the 1910 elections, Roberts was elected by taking second place in a two-seat constituency.
- 1849: Josephus Speak
- 1865: Henry Roberts
- 1869: Henry Slatter
- 1897: Richard Hackett
- 1900: A. W. Jones
- 1900: Herbert Skinner
- 1934: John Fletcher
- 1942: Harry Riding
- 1955: F. C. Blackburn
- 1957: John Bonfield
- 1852: William Dronfield
- 1886: Owen Connellan
- 1888: Daniel Bird
- 1891: Richard Hackett
- 1893: Richard Hackett
- 1899: O. Waddington
- 1902: H. Matthewman
- 1908: John H. Boothman
- 1913: Jimmy French
- 1934: Hugh Inglis
- 1949: F. C. Blackburn
- 1955: John Bonfield
- 1957: Fred Simmons
- Arthur Marsh, Victoria Ryan and John B. Smethurst, Historical Directory of Trade Unions
- Albert Edward Musson, The Typographical Association: Origins and History Up to 1949
- ^ Musson, A. E. (1954). The Typographical Association. London: Oxford University Press. p. 351.
- ^ Labour Party, Report of the Forty-Fifth Annual Conference of the Labour Party, p.78
- ^ "List of Labour Candidates and Election Results, May 30th, 1929". Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party: 24–44. 1929.
- ^ "List of Endorsed Labour Candidates and Election Results, October 27, 1931". Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party: 11–27. 1931.
- ^ a b "List of Endorsed Labour Candidates and Election Results, November 14, 1935". Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party: 8–23. 1935.
- ^ a b Labour Party, Report of the Forty-Fifth Annual Conference of the Labour Party, pp.232-248
- ^ a b "List of Parliamentary Labour candidates and election results, February 23rd, 1950". Report of the Forty-Ninth Annual Conference of the Labour Party: 179–198. 1950.
- ^ "List of Parliamentary Labour candidates and election results, 25th October, 1951". Report of the Fiftieth Annual Conference of the Labour Party: 184–203. 1951.
- ^ Labour Party, Report of the Fifty-Fourth Annual Conference of the Labour Party, pp.255-275
- ^ Labour Party, Report of the Fifty-Eighth Annual Conference of the Labour Party, pp.179-201