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Province of Prussia

The Province of Prussia (German: Provinz Preußen; Kashubian: Prowincjô Prësë) was a province of Prussia from 1829 to 1878. Prussia was established as a province of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1829 from the provinces of East Prussia and West Prussia, and was dissolved in 1878 when the merger was reversed.

Province of Prussia
Provinz Preußen
Province of Prussia

 

1829–1878
 

Location of Province of Prussia
Province of Prussia (red), within the Kingdom of Prussia, within the German Empire
Capital Königsberg
54°44′N 20°29′E / 54.733°N 20.483°E / 54.733; 20.483Coordinates: 54°44′N 20°29′E / 54.733°N 20.483°E / 54.733; 20.483
History
 •  Established 1829
 •  Disestablished 1878
Area
 •  1871 62,528 km2 (24,142 sq mi)
Population
 •  1871 3,137,545 
Density 50.2 /km2  (130 /sq mi)
Political subdivisions Danzig
Gumbinnen
Königsberg
Marienwerder
Today part of  Lithuania
 Poland
 Russia

Königsberg (present-day Kaliningrad, Russia) was the provincial capital.

HistoryEdit

The Province of Prussia was created on April 13, 1824, as the easternmost province of the Kingdom of Prussia. The province was formed in a merger with the pre-existing provinces of East Prussia and West Prussia joined together in a personal union, and from December 3, 1829, in a real union.

Prussia's territory roughly corresponded to the historical region of Prussia, from which the province and the kingdom derived their names, that had been divided by the Kingdom of Poland since the Second Peace of Thorn in 1466. The region was divided into Ducal Prussia, a fief of Poland, and Royal Prussia, which was an integral part of Poland under direct rule. Ducal Prussia became part of Brandenburg-Prussia in 1618, and became the Kingdom of Prussia upon the coronation of King Frederick I of Prussia in 1701. After the coronation, the term "Province of Prussia" was used as a designation for East Prussia to differentiate the territory of the former duchy within the larger kingdom. Royal Prussia was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia from the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1772 during the First Partition of Poland, placing the entirety of the Prussia region under Prussian rule. The following year, Prussia converted the former Royal Prussia and Ducal Prussia (including Ermland) into the provinces of West Prussia and East Prussia, respectively, with minor border changes.

On April 1, 1878, the Province of Prussia was divided back into the provinces of West Prussia and East Prussia.