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The province of Livorno or, traditionally, province of Leghorn (Italian: provincia di Livorno) is a province in the Tuscany region of Italy. It includes several islands of the Tuscan Archipelago, including Elba and Capraia. Its capital is the city of Livorno. The province was formed in 1861 included only Livorno and Elba Island. It was extended in 1925 with land from the provinces of Pisa and Genoa.[1] It has an area of 1,211 square kilometres (468 sq mi) and a total population of 343,003 (2012). There are 19 comuni (singular: comune) in the province.[1][2] The coastline of the area is known as "Costa degli Etruschi" (Etruscan Coast).[3]

Province of Livorno
Palazzo Granducale in Livorno, the provincial seat.
Palazzo Granducale in Livorno, the provincial seat.
Map highlighting the location of the province of Livorno in Italy
Map highlighting the location of the province of Livorno in Italy
Country Italy
RegionTuscany
Capital(s)Livorno
Comuni19
Government
 • PresidentMaria Ida Bessi
Area
 • Total1,218 km2 (470 sq mi)
Population
 (31 July 2015)
 • Total337,992
 • Density280/km2 (720/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
57014, 57016, 57020-57023, 57025, 57027-57028, 57030-57034, 57036-57039
Telephone prefix0565, 0586
Vehicle registrationLI
ISTAT049

The province of Livorno is coastal and contains a number of coastal towns. Livorno is a highly important port for tourism and trading, and a number of watchtowers are located nearby the city. At Calafuria, the sea contains sponges, shellfish, fish, and protected red coral (Corallium rubrum). The coastlines of Quercianella and Castiglioncello are rocky.[4] The waters around the province of Livorno sometimes contain dolphins.[5] The town Marina di Bibbona was initially founded as a fort due to its strategic coastal position. Town San Vincenzo contains a fourteenth-century tower for strategic reasons. The sand of Golfo di Baratti is silver and black due to its high iron concentration, and the area contains an archaeological park.[4]

Contents

SubdivisionsEdit

ComuniEdit

The province is subdivided into 19 comuni (singular: comune).[2] This is the complete list of comuni in the province of Livorno:

At 30 April 2014, the main comuni by population are:[2]

Comune Population
Livorno 160,512
Piombino 35,075
Rosignano Marittimo 32,493
Cecina 28,566
Collesalvetti 16,907
Campiglia Marittima 13,320
Portoferraio 12,224
Castagneto Carducci 8,927
San Vincenzo 7,003

GovernmentEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Livorno". Italy World Club. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
  2. ^ a b c "Livorno". Upinet. Archived from the original on 7 August 2007. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
  3. ^ "Livorno Province". Livorno Now. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
  4. ^ a b "10 coastal towns in Livorno". Around Tuscany. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
  5. ^ "Livorno". ABC Tuscany. Archived from the original on 25 June 2015. Retrieved 1 August 2015.

External linksEdit