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Province No. 5 (proposed name: Lumbini)[1] is one of the seven provinces established by the new constitution of Nepal which was adopted on 20 September 2015.[1] As per a 17 January 2018 cabinet meeting, the city of Butwal has been declared the interim state capital of Province No. 5. It borders Gandaki Pradesh and Karnali Pradesh to the north, Sudurpashchim Pradesh to the west, and Uttar Pradesh of India to the south.

Province No. 5
प्रदेश न० ५
Lumbini - Mayadevi Temple from West, Lumbini (9244235652).jpg
Plateau of Dhorpatan,Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve.jpg
BRP Palpa Ranimahal.jpg
Bageshwori Temple Nepalgunj.JPG
Bengal Tiger Bardiya.jpg
Location of Province No. 5
Location of Province No. 5
Country    Nepal
Formation 20 September 2015
Capital city (Temporary) Butwal
Largest city Ghorahi
Districts 12
 • Body Government of Province No. 5
 • Governor Umakanta Jha
 • Chief Minister Shankar Pokharel (NCP)
 • High Court Tulsipur High Court
 • Provincial Assembly Unicameral (87 seats)
 • Parliamentary constituency 26
 • Total 22,288 km2 (8,605 sq mi)
Area rank 3rd
 • Total 4,499,272
 • Rank 4th
 • Density 200/km2 (520/sq mi)
 • Density rank 3rd
Time zone UTC+5:45 (NST)
Geocode NP-FI
Main Official Language Nepali (51.6%)
Other Official Language(s) 1. Tharu (12.26%)
2. Awadhi (10.18%) .
HDI 0.519 (low)
Literacy 66.43%
Sex ratio 90.43 /100 (2011)


Government and administrationEdit

The Governor acts as the head of the province while the Chief Minister is the head of the provincial government. The Chief Judge of the Tulsipur High Court is the head of the judiciary.[2] The present Governor, Chief Minister and Chief Judge are Uma Kanta Jha (governor), Shankar Pokhrel (chief minister) and Nahakul Subedi.[3][4] The province has 87 provincial assembly constituencies and 26 House of Representative constituencies.[5]

Province No. 5 has a unicameral legislature, like all of the other provinces in Nepal. The term length of provincial assembly is five years. The Provincial Assembly of Province No. 5 is temporarily housed at the Chamber of Commerce Meeting Hall in Butwal.[6]

Administrative subdivisionsEdit

Province No. 5 is divided into 12 districts, which are listed below. A district is administrated by the head of the District Coordination Committee and the District Administration Officer. The districts are further dived to municipalities or rural municipalities. The municipalities include four sub-metropolitan cities and 32 municipalities. There are 73 rural municipalities in the province.[7]

  1. Arghakhanchi District
  2. Banke District
  3. Bardiya District
  4. Dang District
  5. Eastern Rukum District
  6. Gulmi District
  7. Kapilvastu District
  8. Parasi District
  9. Palpa District
  10. Pyuthan District
  11. Rolpa District
  12. Rupandehi District

See AlsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "Nepal Provinces". Retrieved 2016-03-21.
  2. ^ "High Courts get their chief judges". Retrieved 2018-04-27.
  3. ^ "Shankar Pokharel appointed Province 5 CM". The Himalayan Times. 2018-02-14. Retrieved 2018-04-27.
  4. ^ "President of Nepal administers oath to Chiefs of seven provinces | DD News". Retrieved 2018-04-27.
  5. ^ "CDC creates 495 constituencies". The Himalayan Times. 2017-08-31. Retrieved 2018-04-27.
  6. ^ "First Provincial Assembly meet of Province no 5 begins". Retrieved 2018-04-27.
  7. ^ "स्थानिय तह". Retrieved 2018-04-27.