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The providence petrel (Pterodroma solandri) is a species that nests in two locations in the Tasman Sea: Lord Howe Island (some 800 km from the Australian mainland) and Philip Island.

Providence petrel
LordHoweIsland MtGower 210.JPG
Providence petrel near the summit of Mount Gower, Lord Howe Island
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Procellariiformes
Family: Procellariidae
Genus: Pterodroma
Species:
P. solandri
Binomial name
Pterodroma solandri
(Gould, 1844)

Of roughly pigeon like proportions (40 cm), the bird was once also numerous on Norfolk Island. However, its population there was consumed by starving transportees, sent to Norfolk Island as way of punishment. Nonetheless it numbers some 100,000 on Lord Howe Island. Graceful and supple in flight, the providence petrel has a cumbersome propensity on the ground, making it vulnerable to attack by predators.

Despite its reasonably copious strength of numbers, the providence petrel is deemed to be in a precarious disposition because its breeding is confined to two mountain tops and one tiny islet, and is therefore at great risk from a catastrophe.

This species is classified as vulnerable. Main causes of death are predation by the endangered Lord Howe rail and flooding of burrows. Other dangers include rat predation and drowning in longline fishing gear. The current population is estimated at 64,000.

The scientific name of this species was given in honour of the Swedish botanist Daniel Solander, Solander's petrel being an alternative common name.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Pterodroma solandri". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.

External linksEdit