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The Proust Questionnaire is a questionnaire about one's personality. Its name and modern popularity as a form of interview is owed to the responses given by the French writer Marcel Proust.[1]

At the end of the nineteenth century, when Proust was still in his teens, he answered a questionnaire in an English-language confession album belonging to his friend Antoinette, daughter of future French President Félix Faure, titled "An Album to Record Thoughts, Feelings, etc." At that time, it was popular among English families to answer such a list of questions that revealed the tastes and aspirations of the taker.

Proust answered always with enthusiasm. The original manuscript of his answers of 1890, at the time of his volunteer internship or some little time afterwards, titled "by Marcel Proust himself," was found in 1924. It was auctioned on May 27, 2003 for the sum of €102,000.

The television host Bernard Pivot, seeing an opportunity for a writer to reveal at the same time aspects of his work and his personality, traditionally subjected his guests to the Proust questionnaire at the end of the French broadcast Apostrophes.

Inspired by Bernard Pivot, James Lipton, the host of the TV program Inside the Actors Studio, gives an adapted version of the Proust Questionnaire to his guests. Lipton has often incorrectly characterized the questionnaire itself as an invention of Pivot.

A similar questionnaire is regularly seen on the back page of Vanity Fair magazine, answered by various celebrities. In October 2009, Vanity Fair launched an interactive version of the questionnaire, that compares individual answers to those of various luminaries.[2]

Another version of the questionnaire, as answered by various Canadian authors, is a regular feature on the radio program The Next Chapter.

The questionnaireEdit

There are two surviving sets of answers to the confession album questions by Proust: the first, from 1885 or 1886, is to an English confessions album, although his answers are in French. The second, from 1891 or 1892, is from a French album, Les confidences de salon ("Drawing room confessions"), which contains translations of the original questions, lacking some that were in the English version and adding others.

Confessions questions Confidences questions Proust's answers 1890 Proust's answers 1896
Your favorite virtue The principal aspect of my personality The need to be loved; more precisely, the need to be caressed and spoiled much more than the need to be admired All virtues that are not limited to a sect: the universal virtues
Your favorite qualities in a man. The quality that I desire in a man. Feminine charm Intelligence, moral sense
Your favorite qualities in a woman. The quality that I desire in a woman. Manly virtues, and the union of friendship. Gentleness, naturalness, intelligence
Your chief characteristic ---- ----
What you appreciate the most in your friends What I appreciate most about my friends. To have tenderness for me, if their personage is exquisite enough to render quite high the price of their tenderness
Your main fault My main fault Not knowing, not being able to "want".
Your favourite occupation. My favorite occupation. Loving. Reading, dressing, writing verse, history, theater
Your idea of happiness My dream of happiness. I am afraid it be not great enough, I dare not speak it, I am afraid of destroying it by speaking it. To live in contact with those I love, with the beauties of nature, with a quantity of books and music, and to have, within easy distance, a French theater
Your idea of misery. What would be my greatest misfortune? Not to have known my mother or my grandmother. To be separated from Mama
If not yourself, who would you be? What I should like to be. Myself, as the people whom I admire would like me to be. Since the question does arise, I prefer not to answer it. All the same, I should very much have liked to be Pliny the Younger
Where would you like to live? The country where I should like to live. A country where certain things that I should like would come true as though by magic, and where tenderness would always be reciprocated In the country of the ideal, or, rather, my ideal
Your favourite colour and flower. My favourite colour. The beauty is not in the colours, but in their harmony. I like them all and, for the flowers, I do not know
---- The flower that I like. Hers/His - and after, all of them.[3]
---- My favorite bird. The swallow.
Your favorite prose authors. My favorite prose authors. Currently, Anatole France and Pierre Loti. George Sand, Aug. Thierry
Your favorite poets. My favorite poets. Baudelaire and Alfred de Vigny. Musset
Your favorite heroes in fiction. My heroes in fiction. Hamlet. Those of romance and poetry, those who are the expression of an ideal rather than an imitation of the real
Your favorite heroines in fiction. My favorite heroines in fiction. Bérénice. A woman of genius leading an ordinary life
Your favorite painters and composers. My favorite composers. Beethoven, Wagner, Schumann. Meissonier, Mozart, Gounod


  1. ^ Carter, William C., and Henry-Jean Servat. 2005. The Proust questionnaire. New York: Assouline.
  2. ^ Carter, Graydon, and Robert Risko. 2009. Vanity Fair's Proust questionnaire: 101 luminaries ponder love, death, happiness, and the meaning of life. [Emmaus, Pa.]: Rodale.
  3. ^ In French the gender of the possessive is determined, not by the gender of the possessor, but the gender of the possessed object - in this case flower, 'fleur', is feminine, but the context gives no assurance of how to read 'la sienne' meaning 'his/hers'.

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