A protocrystalline phase is a distinct phase occurring during crystal growth which evolves into a microcrystalline form. The term is typically associated with silicon films in optical applications such as solar cells.
Silicon solar cellsEdit
Amorphous silicon (a-Si) is a popular solar cell material owing to its low cost and ease of production. Owing to disordered structure (Urbach tail), its absorption extends to the energies below the band gap resulting in a wide-range spectral response; however, it has a relatively low solar cell efficiency. Protocrystalline Si (pc-Si:H) also has a relatively low absorption near the band gap owing to its more ordered crystalline structure. Thus, protocrystalline and amorphous silicon can be combined in a tandem solar cell where the top thin layer of a-Si:H absorbs short-wavelength light whereas the longer wavelengths are absorbed by the underlying protocrystalline silicon layer.
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- Ahn, Jun Yong; Jun, Kyung Hoon; Lim, Koeng Su; Konagai, Makoto (2003-03-10). "Stable protocrystalline silicon and unstable microcrystalline silicon at the onset of a microcrystalline regime". Applied Physics Letters. 82 (11): 1718–1720. Bibcode:2003ApPhL..82.1718A. doi:10.1063/1.1561161. ISSN 0003-6951.
- Wilken, Karen (2017). "Low temperature thin-film silicon solar cells on flexible plastic substrates" (PDF). Advances in Systems Analysis. Forschungszentrum, Zentralbibliothek. 377. hdl:2128/14543. ISBN 978-3-95806-235-1. ISSN 1866-1793. OCLC 1075618416.
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