Protected areas of Russia

Protected areas of Russia, (official Russian title: Russian: Особо охраняемые природные территории, literally "Specially Protected Natural Areas"), is governed by the corresponding 1995 law of the Russian Federation.[1]

"Temple Gate" Rock formation at Alkhanay National Park


The law establishes the following categories of protected areas:

  1. State nature zapovedniks, including Biosphere reserves (biosphere zapovedniks)[2]
  2. National Parks
  3. Nature parks
  4. State nature zakazniks
  5. Natural Monuments
  6. Dendrological parks and botanical gardens
  7. Health recuperation areas and health resorts

Other areasEdit

Other areas that are protected in Russia include:

  • UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
  • city and regional parks.
  • Ramsar siteswetlands of international significance.
  • Russian Cultural heritage monuments.
  • Historic buildings and gardens — e.g.: Imperial Russian palaces and their landscape parks.

Total Land AreaEdit

On May 21, 2019, the Moscow Times cited a World Wildlife Fund report indicating that Russia now ranks first in the world for its amount of protected natural areas[3] with 63.3 million hectares of specially protected natural areas. However, the article did not contain a link to WWF's report and it may be based on previously gathered data.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "About Special Protected Nature Areas". The Russian Federation federal law of March 14, 1995.(in Russian)
  2. ^ Alexey Sobisevich, Valerian Snytko, Vera Savenkova The role of biosphere reserves in the enviromental [sic] protection at the Soviet Union // Prossedings of International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference (Pre-print)
  3. ^ "Russia Has Most Protected Natural Areas in the World, WWF Says". The Moscow Times. Retrieved 21 May 2019.