Prospekt (street)

A prospekt (Russian: проспе́кт, IPA: [prɐˈspʲɛkt] (About this soundlisten)) is a broad, multi-lane and very long straight street in urban areas,[1][2] which serves as an arterial road. The term "prospekt" as a road-type concept originated in the Russian Empire.

Looking up Nevsky Prospekt in Saint Petersburg at night
Moskovsky Prospekt (10 km (6.2 mi)) is one of the longest in Saint Petersburg
Konstitucijos prospektas in Vilnius, Lithuania
Prospekt Mira in Moscow (in 2009)

As an urban area sprawls along transportation routes, the roads outside of city limits called chaussee (French for road surface) often also become converted into prospekts.

HistoryEdit

In the first years of construction of St Petersburg (in the early 18th century), the city's broad ways were called "perspectiva" (Russian: перспектива, literally, visual or graphical perspective). One of the world-known prospekts of Petersburg is Nevsky Prospekt.

The name "prospekt" was widely used in the USSR where it was traditionally used for the main avenues in the newly constructed cities and cities’ blocks. Later on, the term came into the national languages of the Soviet Republics which became independent states in 1991.

EtymologyEdit

Russian lexicographer Vladimir Dal in his "Explanatory Dictionary of the Live Great Russian language" marked prospekt as a loanword from French.

Prospekt is cognate with the English term prospect, both derive from Latin prospectus "view, outlook". In the 18th century Russia, prospekt was used specifically for very long straight streets, especially in St. Petersburg, because they afforded a spectacular view from one end to the other when looking down them.

Notable streets named "Prospekt"Edit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ ПРОСПЕКТ. slovarus.ru
  2. ^ ПРОСПЕ́КТ. Ukrainian Language Dictionary (Academic Etymology Dictionary).