Prospect Park Water Tower

The Prospect Park Water Tower, sometimes referred to as the Witch's Hat Water Tower, is a historic water tower in the Prospect Park neighborhood of Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States. It was built in 1913 on Tower Hill Park, a hilltop park established in 1906. The water tower has become the neighborhood's architectural mascot for its singular design by Frederick William Cappelen.[2] The tower is rumored to be the inspiration for Bob Dylan's song "All Along the Watchtower," as the tower was clearly visible from Dylan's home in nearby Dinkytown.[3]

Prospect Park Water Tower and Tower Hill Park
Populated Witch's Hat.jpg
The Prospect Park Water Tower overlooking Tower Hill Park
Prospect Park Water Tower is located in Minnesota
Prospect Park Water Tower
Prospect Park Water Tower is located in the United States
Prospect Park Water Tower
Location55 Malcolm Avenue SE, Minneapolis, Minnesota
Coordinates44°58′7″N 93°12′46″W / 44.96861°N 93.21278°W / 44.96861; -93.21278Coordinates: 44°58′7″N 93°12′46″W / 44.96861°N 93.21278°W / 44.96861; -93.21278
Area4.7 acres (1.9 ha)
Built1906 (park), 1913 (water tower)
ArchitectFrederick William Cappelen
Architectural styleLate-19th and 20th Century Revivals
Part ofProspect Park Residential Historic District (ID15000213)
NRHP reference No.97001426[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHPNovember 13, 1997
Designated CPMay 12, 2015

The park and water tower were listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1997 for having local significance in the themes of architecture, community planning and development, and engineering.[4] It was nominated for its associations with city planning, urban infrastructure, architectural eclecticism, and the work of architect Frederick William Cappelen.[5] In 2015 they were also listed as contributing properties to the Prospect Park Residential Historic District.[6]


Erected in 1913 on Tower Hill, one of the highest points in Minneapolis, the tower was built to increase water pressure in the area and thereby enhance firefighting efforts. The functional structure, however, was given a whimsical appearance by city engineer Frederick William Cappelen. To the delight of generations of Minnesotans to come, he topped the building with a fanciful brimmed "hat" of green ceramic tile, and hence its nickname was born.[2]

Tower Hill and the Prospect Park neighborhood have enjoyed a love affair of sorts over the years. From the beginning, the tower and surrounding parkland attracted neighbors, young and old, who picnicked under shade trees in summer and sledded down the hill's icy slopes in winter. The tower's observation deck provided views of the Minneapolis and St. Paul skylines, and the building itself inspired many artists who captured its one-of-a-kind profile in charcoal and watercolor. More than once over the years it has also galvanized neighborhood pride and determination on its own behalf.[2][clarification needed]

The Prospect Park Water Tower ceased to function as a water tower in 1952, but it remained an esteemed neighborhood symbol. In 1955 when the city announced plans to demolish the tower following a lightning strike, the community mobilized. "Spurred on by eleven members of the Prospect Park Blue Birds (a junior organization of the Campfire Girls)," neighbors fought city hall and saved their tower.[2]

Since the late 20th century, the observation deck is open only one day a year, which is celebrated with an ice-cream social.[2]


See alsoEdit


  This article incorporates text from MNopedia, which is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d e Hession, Jane King (2015-05-02). "Prospect Park Water Tower, Minneapolis". MNopedia. Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved 2016-08-19.
  3. ^ Tushie-Lessard, Clarise (2008-06-04). "Witch's Hat Tower opens once this year". Minnesota Daily. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota. Retrieved 2016-08-19.
  4. ^ "Prospect Park Water Tower and Tower Hill Park". Minnesota National Register Properties Database. Minnesota Historical Society. 2009. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
  5. ^ Curran, Christine A.; Charlene K. Roise (June 1997). National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Prospect Park Water Tower and Tower Hill Park (Report). National Park Service. Retrieved 2016-08-19.
  6. ^ Roise, Charlene; Stephanie K. Atwood; Marjorie Pearson (August 2014). National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Prospect Park Residential Historic District (PDF) (Report). National Park Service. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-04-11. Retrieved 2016-06-25.

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