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The Progressive Alliance (PA) is a political international of social-democratic and progressive political parties and organisations founded on 22 May 2013 in Leipzig, Germany.[1] The alliance was formed as an alternative to the existing Socialist International, of which many of its member parties are former or current members.[2] The Progressive Alliance claims 140 participants from around the world.

Progressive Alliance
Progressive alliance logo.png
Motto Freedom, Justice, Solidarity
Formation 14–15 December 2012 (first conference)
22 May 2013 (foundation)
Purpose Global network of social-democratic political parties and organisations
Headquarters Berlin, Germany
Region served
Worldwide
Main organ
Conference of the Progressive Alliance
Website progressive-alliance.info
Countries with participants of the PA; green in government, red in opposition, yellow with no member (As of September 2018).

Contents

HistoryEdit

The first step towards the creation of the Progressive Alliance was the decision in January 2012 by Sigmar Gabriel, then chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD), to cancel payment of the SPD's £100,000 yearly membership fee to the Socialist International. Gabriel had been critical of the Socialist International's admittance and continuing inclusion of undemocratic political movements into the organization.[3][4][5]

An initial Conference of the Progressive Alliance was held in Rome, Italy on 14–15 December 2012, with representatives of 42 political parties attending.[6][7] They included Pier Luigi Bersani, leader of the Democratic Party of Italy, Harlem Désir, Chair of the French Socialist Party, Hermes Binner, Chair of the Argentinian Socialist Party, Peter Shumlin, Democratic Governor of Vermont, and Mustapha Ben Jafar, Secretary General of the Tunisian Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties.[8] Also present were representatives of the Indian National Congress, the Workers Party of Brazil, and PASOK of Greece.[9][10] The Dutch Labour Party also supported the formation of the organization,[11] as did the Swiss Socialist Party,[12] and the Social Democratic Party of Austria.[13]

During the Council of the Socialist International in Cascais, Portugal, on 4–5 February 2013, 50 political parties discussed on the sidelines the formation of the Progressive Alliance, including the Movement for Democratic Change of Zimbabwe.[14]

The official foundation of the organization was held on the 22 May 2013 in Leipzig, Germany, on the 150th anniversary of the formation of the General German Workers' Association (ADAV), the predecessor of the SPD.[15][16][17][18][19] The organization stated the aim of becoming the global network of "the progressive, democratic, social-democratic, socialist and labour movement".[20][21] It was reported that representatives of approximately 70 social-democratic political parties from across the world attended the event.[22][23][24][25] The Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D) group in the European Parliament joined the organization upon its official foundation.[26] Many member parties are also affiliated to the Socialist International.[27] In September 2013 the Democratic Party (DIKO) of Cyprus announced that it was negotiating to join the Progressive Alliance and that its representatives were to attend a seminar of the international in Stockholm on 24 October.[28] On 4–5 December 2014, a Progressive Alliance conference was held in Lisbon for member parties of the S&D group.[29] A regional seminar was held on 25 September 2015 in Batu Ferringhi, Malaysia, which also hosted delegates from the Democratic Action Party of Malaysia, Democratic Party of Japan and Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle.[30] On 25 April 2016 the organisation held a seminar in São Paulo hosted by the Workers' Party of Brazil.[31]

ParticipantsEdit

The Progressive Alliance lists the parties and organisations which participate in the network, rather than claiming members.[32]

Country Party/Organization Acronym Government Notes
  Algeria Socialist Forces Front FFS In opposition
  Argentina Generación para un Encuentro Nacional GEN In opposition
  Argentina Socialist Party PS In opposition
  Australia Australian Labor Party ALP In opposition Forms government in Victoria, Queensland, Western Australia, Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory.
  Austria Social Democratic Party of Austria SPÖ In opposition Part of governing coalitions in Vienna, Styria, Lower Austria, Carinthia, Burgenland and Upper Austria.
  Belarus Belarusian Social Democratic Party (Assembly) Hramada
Extra-parliamentary opposition
  Belgium Socialist Party PS In opposition
  Belgium Socialist Party Differently SPA In opposition
  Bolivia Movement for Socialism MAS In government
  Brazil Workers' Party PT In opposition
  Brazil Brazilian Socialist Party PSB In opposition
  Bulgaria Bulgarian Socialist Party BSP In opposition
  Burkina Faso People's Movement for Progress MPP In government
  Burkina Faso Party for Democracy and Progress / Socialist Party PDP/PS
Extra-parliamentary opposition
  Cameroon Social Democratic Front SDF In opposition
  Canada New Democratic Party NDP/NPD In opposition Forms government in the provinces of Alberta and British Columbia
  Central African Republic Movement for the Liberation of the Central African People MLPC In opposition
  Chile Socialist Party of Chile PS In opposition
  Chile Party for Democracy PPD In opposition
  Costa Rica Citizens' Action Party PAC In government
  Croatia Social Democratic Party of Croatia SDP In opposition
  Cyprus Movement for Social Democracy EDEK In opposition
  Cyprus Democratic Party Diko In opposition
  Cyprus Republican Turkish Party CTP In opposition
  Czech Republic Czech Social Democratic Party ČSSD junior party in coalition
  Democratic Republic of Congo Union for Democracy and Social Progress UDPS In opposition
  Denmark Social Democrats SD In opposition
  Dominican Republic Modern Revolutionary Party PRM In opposition
  Egypt Egyptian Social Democratic Party ESDP In opposition
  Equatorial Guinea Convergence for Social Democracy CPDS In opposition
  Eritrea Eritrean Peoples' Democratic Party EPDP
Extra-parliamentary opposition
  Finland Social Democratic Party of Finland SDP In opposition
  France Socialist Party PS In opposition
  Georgia Georgian Dream In government
  Germany Social Democratic Party of Germany SPD Junior party in coalition
  Ghana National Democratic Congress NDC In government
  Greece Panhellenic Socialist Movement PASOK In opposition
  Grenada National Democratic Congress NDC
Extra-parliamentary opposition
  Guinea Guinean People's Assembly RPG In government
  Hungary Hungarian Socialist Party MSzP In opposition
  India Indian National Congress INC In opposition
  India Samajwadi (Socialist) Party SP In opposition
  Indonesia National Democratic Party NasDem Junior party in coalition
  Indonesia Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle PDIP Senior party in coalition
  Iran Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan PDKI
Extra-parliamentary opposition
  Iran Komala Party of Iranian Kurdistan KPK
Extra-parliamentary opposition
  Iran Komala Party of Iranian Kurdistan KŞZK
Extra-parliamentary opposition
  Iraq Patriotic Union of Kurdistan PUK In opposition
  Iraq Kurdistan Socialist Democratic Party KSDP In opposition
  Ireland Labour Party In opposition
  Israel Israeli Labour Party HaAvoda In opposition
  Israel Meretz In opposition
  Italy Democratic Party PD In opposition
  Ivory Coast Cap Union for Democracy and Development CAP-UDD
Extra-parliamentary opposition
  Jordan Jordanian Social Democratic Party KPK
Extra-parliamentary opposition
  Kenya Labour Party of Kenya KLP
Extra-parliamentary opposition
  Latvia Concord Social Democratic Party SDPS In opposition
  Lebanon Progressive Socialist Party PSP Junior party in coalition
  Lithuania Social Democratic Party of Lithuania LSDP In opposition
  Luxembourg Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party LSAP Junior party in coalition
  Macedonia Social Democratic Union of Macedonia SDUM In government
  Malaysia Democratic Action Party DAP Senior party in coalition
  Mauritania Rally of Democratic Forces RFD In opposition
  Mauritius Mauritius Militant Movement MMM In opposition
  Mexico Party of the Democratic Revolution PRD In opposition
  Mexico Citizens' Movement MC In opposition
  Moldova Democratic Party of Moldova PDM Senior party in coalition
  Mongolia Mongolian People's Party MPP In government
  Montenegro Social Democratic Party of Montenegro SDP In opposition
  Montenegro Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro DPS Senior party in coalition
  Morocco Socialist Union of Popular Forces USFP In opposition
  Myanmar Democratic Party for a New Society DPNS
Extra-parliamentary opposition
    Nepal Nepali Congress NC In opposition
  Netherlands Labour Party PvdA In opposition
  New Zealand New Zealand Labour Party NZLP Senior party in coalition
  Niger Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism PNDS In government
  Norway Norwegian Labour Party Ap In opposition
  Northern Cyprus Republican Turkish Party CTP In opposition
  Palestine Fatah In government
  Palestine Palestinian National Initiative PNI In opposition
  Paraguay Party for a Country of Solidarity PPS In opposition
  Philippines Akbayan Citizens' Action Party In opposition
  Poland Democratic Left Alliance SLD
Extra-parliamentary opposition
  Portugal Socialist Party PS In government
  Republic of Congo Convergence Citoyenne CC
Extra-parliamentary opposition
  Romania Social Democratic Party PSD Senior party in coalition
  Sao Tome and Principe Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe/Social Democratic Party MLSTP-PSD In opposition
  Senegal Socialist Party of Senegal PS
Extra-parliamentary opposition
  Serbia Democratic Party DS In opposition
  Serbia Social Democratic Party SDS In opposition
  Slovakia Direction – Social Democracy SD In government
  Slovenia Social Democrats SD Junior party in coalition
  Somalia Somali Social Unity Party SSUP
Extra-parliamentary opposition
  Spain Spanish Socialist Workers' Party PSOE In government
  Saint Lucia Saint Lucia Labour Party In opposition
  Swaziland People’s United Democratic Movement PUDEMO
Extra-parliamentary opposition
  Swaziland Swazi Democratic Party SWADEPA
Extra-parliamentary opposition
  Sweden Swedish Social Democratic Party SAP Senior party in coalition
   Switzerland Social Democratic Party of Switzerland SP Junior party in coalition
  Syria Syrian Democratic People's Party
Extra-parliamentary opposition
  Tanzania Chama Cha Mapinduzi CCM In government
  Thailand Future Forward Party (Guest since 2018) FFP ( Candidate in

2019 Election)

  Timor Leste Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor FRETILIN In government
  Tunisia Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties Ettakatol
Extra-parliamentary opposition
  Turkey Peoples' Democratic Party HDP In opposition
  Turkey Republican People's Party CHP In opposition
  Uruguay Socialist Party of Uruguay PSU In government
  United Kingdom Labour Party In opposition In government in the Welsh Assembly, holds the London Mayoralty and minority party on London Assembly.
  United States Democratic Party[33][34][35] D In opposition In government in 17 states and some territories.
  Western Sahara Polisario Front In government
  Yemen Yemeni Socialist Party YSP In opposition
  Zimbabwe Movement for Democratic Change MDC In opposition
  Zimbabwe People's Democratic Party PDP In opposition
International Socialist International Women SIW
International International Union of Socialist Youth IUSY
  Europe Party of European Socialists PES
  European Union Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists & Democrats in the European Parliament S&D In government
Europe Party of European Socialists Women PES Women
Europe Young European Socialists YES
Asia Network of Social Democracy in Asia SOCDEM
Asia Arab Social Democratic Forum ASDF
Africa Central African Progressive Alliance APAC
International International Trade Union Confederation ITUC
The Americas Trade Union Confederation of the Americas CSA
International Trade Union Advisory Committee to the OECD TUAC
International Industrial Global Union
Europe Solidar
International Global Progressive Forum
International CEE Network
International Just Jobs Network
  United States Center for American Progress CAP
Europe Foundation for European Progressive Studies FEPS
  France Foundation Jean Jaurès
  Brazil Foundation João Mangabeira
  Germany Friedrich Ebert Foundation FES
  Sweden Olof Palme International Center OPIC

ReferencesEdit

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  12. ^ [1][dead link]
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  14. ^ "Zimbabwe: Socialist International Calls for Reforms in Zimbabwe". allAfrica.com. 2013-02-06. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
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  29. ^ "Progressive Alliance Parliamentarian Conference – Decent Work and Education: Investing in Equal Opportunities for All". Retrieved 21 April 2016. 
  30. ^ "Global democratic leaders demand Anwar's release, persecution of government critics to stop". Retrieved 2016-09-20. 
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External linksEdit