Proctor Free Library
|• Total||7.6 sq mi (19.7 km2)|
|• Land||7.6 sq mi (19.6 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|Elevation||482 ft (147 m)|
|• Density||230/sq mi (88/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1462180|
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In the early 19th century, small high-quality marble deposits were discovered in Rutland, and in the 1830s a large deposit of nearly solid marble of high quality was found in what is now West Rutland. By the 1840s small firms had begun operations, but marble quarries only became profitable when the railroad came to Rutland in 1851. At the same time, the famous quarries of Carrara in Tuscany, Italy, became largely unworkable because of their extreme depth, and Rutland quickly became one of the leading producers of marble in the world.
This fueled enough growth and investment that in 1886 the marble companies saw to it that when the present Rutland City was incorporated as a village, most of the town was split off as West Rutland and Proctor, which between them contained the bulk of the marble quarries. Proctor was formed around the nucleus of the old Sutherland Falls from parts of Rutland and Pittsford. Proctor was named for and almost completely owned by Senator Redfield Proctor. The closing of the marble quarries in the town in the 1980s and 1990s cost the area many jobs, and Proctor has struggled much more than its neighbors. In 2004 the Proctor Marble Arch Bridge restoration project was the recipient of the Marble Institute Award of Merit for "commitment to preservation of the original stonework." 
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 7.6 square miles (20 km2), of which 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2), or 0.39%, is water. Drained by Otter Creek, Proctor lies between the Taconic Range and Green Mountains.
The town is crossed by Vermont Route 3.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,877 people, 756 households, and 530 families residing in the town. The population density was 248.2 inhabitants per square mile (95.9/km²). There were 791 housing units at an average density of 104.6 per square mile (40.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.04% White, 0.16% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.05% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.05% from other races, and 0.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.59% of the population.
There were 756 households out of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.8% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the town, the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 87.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $39,773, and the median income for a family was $45,625. Males had a median income of $33,214 versus $25,197 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,214. About 6.8% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 13.0% of those age 65 or over.
Neighboring cities and townsEdit
- Bernard Joseph Flanagan, bishop
- F. Ray Keyser, 72nd governor of Vermont
- Frank Charles Partridge, US senator
- Fletcher Dutton Proctor, 51st governor of Vermont
- Mortimer Robinson Proctor, 66th governor of Vermont
- Redfield Proctor, secretary of war, US senator, and 37th governor of Vermont
- Redfield Proctor, Jr., 59th governor of Vermont
Sites of interestEdit
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Proctor town, Vermont". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 4, 2011.
- 2004 Marble Institute Award of Merit
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2015.
- Juliette M. Bianco and Pieter B.F.J. Broucke, Nature Transformed: Edward Burtynsky's Vermont Quarry Photographs in Context. Hanover, NH: Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College; Distributed by University Press of New England, 2012.
- David C. Gale, Proctor: the Story of a Marble Town. Brattleboro, VT: Vermont Printing Co, 1922.
- Abby Marin Hemenway (ed.), The History of Rutland County, Vermont: Civil, Ecclesiastical, Biographical, and Military. White River Junction, VT: White River Paper Co., 1882.
- Paul R Magocsi, Immigrants from Eastern Europe: The Carpatho-Rusyn Community of Proctor, Vermont. Montpelier, VT: Vermont Historical Society, 1974.
- Lyman Williams Redington, Centennial Celebration of the Organization of Rutland County, Vermont: Held under the Auspices of the Rutland County Historical Society at the Town Hall, Rutland, Vt., March 4, 1881... Rutland, VT: L.W. Redington, 1882.
- H.P. Smith and W.S. Rann, History of Rutland County, Vermont: With Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Some of Its Prominent Men and Pioneers. Syracuse, NY: D. Mason and Co., 1886.
- Vermont Marble Company, Vermont Marble Company: Its Past and Future: Address at a General Conference at Proctor, Vermont, December 28–31, 1920. Proctor, VT: Privately printed, 1921.