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The genus Pritchardia (family Arecaceae) consists of between 24-40 species of fan palms (subfamily Coryphoideae) found on tropical Pacific Ocean islands in Fiji, Samoa, Tonga, Tuamotus, and most diversely in Hawaii.[2][3] The generic name honors William Thomas Pritchard (1829-1907), a British consul at Fiji.[4]

Pritchardia
Pritchardia flowers.jpg
Pritchardia sp. flowers and fruit on two pendulous stalks
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Subfamily: Coryphoideae
Tribe: Trachycarpeae
Genus: Pritchardia
Seem. & H.Wendl.[1]
Synonyms[2][1]
Pritchardia palms

DescriptionEdit

These palms vary in height, ranging from 6 to 40 m (20 to 131 ft).[5] The leaves are fan-shaped (costapalmate) and the trunk columnar, naked, smooth or fibrous, longitudinally grooved, and obscurely ringed by leaf scars. The flowers and subsequent fruit are borne in a terminal cluster with simple or compound branches of an arcuate or pendulous inflorescence that (in some species) is longer than the leaves.

SpeciesEdit

There are 29 known species, of which 19 are endemic to the Hawaiian Islands, with the remainder on other island groups.

Formerly placed hereEdit

  • Licuala grandis (hort. ex W. Bull) H.Wendl. (as P. grandis hort. ex W. Bull)
  • Washingtonia filifera (Linden ex André) H.Wendl. (as P. filamentosa H.Wendl. ex Franceschi or P. filifera Linden ex André)[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Genus: Pritchardia Seem. & H. Wendl". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-10-05. Archived from the original on 2010-05-28. Retrieved 2010-12-11. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Hodel, D.R. (2007). A review of the genus Pritchardia. Palms; Journal of the International Palm Society 51(Suppl.): 1-53.
  4. ^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names. 3 M-Q. CRC Press. p. 2168. ISBN 978-0-8493-2677-6.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Riffle, Robert Lee; Paul Craft (2003). An Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms. Timber Press. pp. 419–422. ISBN 978-0-88192-558-6.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Pritchardia". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2010-12-11.
  7. ^ "GRIN Species Records of Pritchardia". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-12-11.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Pritchardia at Wikimedia Commons   Data related to Pritchardia at Wikispecies