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Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein

Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (German: Viktoria Adelheid Helene Luise Marie Friederike; 31 December 1885 – 3 October 1970) was the consort of Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and is the maternal grandmother of Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden.

Princess Victoria Adelaide
Duchess of Albany
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1989-1010-501, Viktoria Adelheid von Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha.jpg
Duchess consort of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Tenure11 October 1905 – 14 November 1918
Born(1885-12-31)31 December 1885
Grünholz, Province of Schleswig-Holstein, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire
Died3 October 1970(1970-10-03) (aged 84)
Greinburg, Austria
SpouseCharles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
IssueJohann Leopold, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Princess Sibylla, Duchess of Västerbotten
Prince Hubertus
Princess Caroline Mathilde, Countess of Castell-Rüdenhausen
Friedrich Josias, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Full name
Victoria Adelaide Helena Louise Mary Frederica
German: Viktoria Adelheid Helene Luise Marie Friederike
HouseSchleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
FatherFriedrich Ferdinand, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein
MotherPrincess Karoline Mathilde of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg

Contents

Early lifeEdit

 
Princess Victoria Adelaide's birthplace Grünholz Manor, photographed in 2010.

Princess Victoria Adelaide was born on 31 December 1885 at Grünholz Manor, Schleswig-Holstein, Prussia as the eldest daughter of Frederick Ferdinand, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and his wife Princess Karoline Mathilde of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg. Her father was the eldest son of Friedrich, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and a nephew of Christian IX of Denmark. One month before the birth of Victoria Adelaide, he had succeeded to the headship of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and the title of duke upon the death of his father on 27 November 1885.[citation needed]

Duchess of Saxe-Coburg and GothaEdit

 
The Duke and Duchess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, 11 October 1905.

On 11 October 1905, at Glücksburg Castle, Schleswig, she married Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Charles Edward was the only son of Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany by his wife Princess Helena of Waldeck and a grandson of Queen Victoria. Five years before the marriage, he had succeeded to the duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha upon the death of his uncle Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha in 1900.[1][2] Upon her marriage, Victoria Adelheid assumed the title of Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha. She and Charles Edward had five children.

Later lifeEdit

 
The family of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.

In 1918, the Duke was forced to abdicate his ducal throne, following the end of World War I, forcing the family to become private citizens.

Charles Edward was an early and fervent supporter of Adolf Hitler. Victoria Adelaide initially shared her husband's enthusiasm and patriotism but she came to loathe the Nazi Party following the Nazi seizure of power. She defied her husband by supporting the German Evangelical Church Confederation against the antisemitic German Christians.[3]

After World War II, the couple fled to Austria (where Schloss Greinburg an der Donau had been a Saxe-Coburg property since 1822, and remains such) following the seizure of their properties in East Germany by the Soviet Union. She died at Schloss Greinburg on 3 October 1970 and was buried beside her husband at Schloss Callenberg, Coburg, on 8 October of that year.[citation needed]

Titles and stylesEdit

  • 31 December 1885 – 11 October 1905: Her Highness Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
  • 11 October 1905 – 28 March 1919: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
    • in the United Kingdom: 11 October 1905 – 28 March 1919: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Albany
  • 28 March 1919 – 6 March 1954: Her Highness The Duchess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
  • 6 March 1954 – 3 October 1970: Her Highness The Dowager Duchess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

IssueEdit

Name Birth Death Notes
Johann Leopold, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha 2 August 1906 4 May 1972 married (1; unequally, renouncing his rights to the headship of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha), 9 March 1932, Feodora, Baroness von der Horst; divorced 1962; had issue
(2), 5 May 1963, Maria Theresa Reindl; no issue[1]
Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha 18 January 1908 28 November 1972 married, 20 October 1932, Prince Gustav Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten; had issue, inc. Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden[1]
Prince Hubertus of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha 24 August 1909 26 November 1943 childless, died during the Second World War[1]
Princess Caroline Mathilde of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha 22 June 1912 5 September 1983 married (1), 14 December 1931, Friedrich Wolfgang Otto, Count of Castell-Rüdenhausen; divorced 2 May 1938; had issue
(2), 22 June 1938, Captain Max Schnirring; he died 1944; had issue
(3), 23 December 1946, Jim Andree; divorced 1949; no issue[1]
Prince Friedrich Josias of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha 29 November 1918 23 January 1998 married (1), 25 January 1942, Countess Viktoria-Luise of Solms-Baruth; divorced 19 September 1947; had issue
(2), 14 February 1948, Denyse Henriette de Muralt; divorced 17 September 1964; had issue
(3), 30 October 1964, Katherine Bremme; no issue[1]

AncestryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Weir, Alison (2008). Britain's Royal Families, The Complete Genealogy. London, UK: Vintage Books. pp. 314–15. ISBN 978-0-09-953973-5.
  2. ^ Burke, Bernard (1914). A Genealogic and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Companionage (76th ed.). London, UK: Harrison and Sons. p. 20.
  3. ^ Priesner, Rudolf (1977). Herzog Carl Eduard zwischen Deutschland und England: eine tragische Auseinandersetzung (in German). Hohenloher Druck- und Verlagshaus. p. 90, 94. ISBN 3873540630.
Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein
Cadet branch of the House of Oldenburg
Born: 31 December 1885 Died: 3 October 1970
German nobility
Vacant
Title last held by
Maria Alexandrovna of Russia
Duchess consort of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
11 October 1905 – 14 November 1918
Monarchy abolished
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
None
— TITULAR —
Duchess consort of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
14 November 1918 – 6 March 1954
Succeeded by
Denyse Henrietta de Muralt