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Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia

Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia (German: Sophia Dorothea Marie von Preußen) (25 January 1719 – 13 November 1765) was the ninth child and fifth daughter of Frederick William I of Prussia and Sophia Dorothea of Hanover. By marriage, she was a Margravine of Brandenburg-Schwedt.

Sophia Dorothea of Prussia
Margravine of Brandenburg-Schwedt
Sophie von Preußen mit ihrem Gemahl Markgraf Friedrich Wilhelm von Brandenburg-Schwedt (Pesne).jpg
Princess Sophia Dorothea with her husband Frederick William, by Antoine Pesne
Born(1719-01-25)25 January 1719
Berlin
Died13 November 1765(1765-11-13) (aged 46)
Schwedt
SpouseFrederick William, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt
IssueSophia Dorothea, Duchess of Württemberg
Elisabeth Louise, Princess Augustus Ferdinand of Prussia
Prince George Philip of Prussia
Philippine, Landgravine of Hesse-Cassel
Full name
German: Sophia Dorothea Marie
HouseHohenzollern
FatherFrederick William I of Prussia
MotherSophia Dorothea of Hanover

Contents

BiographyEdit

Marriage and childrenEdit

On 10 November 1734 in Potsdam, Sophia Dorothea married her Hohenzollern kinsman Frederick William, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt, son of Philip William, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt, and Princess Johanna Charlotte of Anhalt-Dessau, daughter of John George II, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau. They had five children:

Frederick William was 19 years older than the princess and he was called the "mad Margrave" because of his pranks and rude manners. Their relationship was not happy, and eventually they lived in separate places: Sophie lived in the castle Montplaisir near the residence, and the Margrave lived in the castle of Schwedt. They only reconciled during Sophie's terminal illness, where she died in the Margrave's arms. She did not, reportedly, have the same spiritual interests of her sisters. The Margraviate of Schwedt was only a small holding, but enjoyed a prosperous economy due to immigrant Huguenots.

AncestryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 16.
Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia
Born: 25 January 1719 Died: 10 November 1765
German nobility
Vacant
Title last held by
Johanna Charlotte of Anhalt-Dessau
Margravine of Brandenburg-Schwedt
25 January 1699 - 19 December 1711
Vacant
Title next held by
Leopoldine Marie of Anhalt-Dessau