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Princess Louise Eleonore of Hohenlohe-Langenburg

Princess Luise Eleonore of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (11 August 1763, in Langenburg – 30 April 1837, in Meiningen) was a German regent. She was duchess of Saxe-Meiningen by marriage to George I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen, and Regent of Saxe-Meiningen during the minority of her son from 1803 to 1821.

Luise Eleonore of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
Regent of Saxe-Meiningen
LouiseEleonoreSaMei.JPG
Duchess consort of Saxe-Meiningen
Tenure1782–1803
Born(1763-08-11)11 August 1763
Langenburg
Died30 April 1837(1837-04-30) (aged 73)
Meiningen
SpouseGeorge I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
IssueAdelaide, Queen of the United Kingdom
Ida, Princess Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
Full name
Luise Eleonore
HouseHohenlohe-Langenburg
FatherChristian Albert, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
MotherCaroline of Stolberg-Gedern

LifeEdit

Louise Eleonore was a daughter of Prince Christian Albert Louis of Hohenlohe-Langenburg and his wife Princess Caroline of Stolberg-Gedern (1732–1796).

On 27 November 1782, in Langenburg, she married George I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen.

RegencyEdit

When her husband died on 24 December 1803, she took over as regent of the duchy for their son Bernhard II. She ruled with energy, courage, and good sense during the Napoleonic Wars, which for the next decade ravaged the Saxon states.[1]

The duchy was forced to join the Confederation of the Rhine during these Wars and provide it with troops; afterwards the duchy was struck with famine, which Luise sought to prevent by importing wheat. Despite the fact that French and later Russian armies marched back and forth across the country, Luise refused to flee; she stayed with her infant son and two daughters inside their castle.[1]

She used every strategy to preserve the autonomy of her regency, so that when she joined the Allies in 1813, she had saved the duchy for her son. He became the ruling Duke of Meiningen eight years later.[1]

By adjustments in the duchy's administration she ensured the duchy was better managed and in 1821 opened the Gymnasium Bernhardinum in Meiningen (already begun by her husband).

Her children were carefully educated, with a grand tour to Italy under their tutor Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi. After her son came of age, Luise retired as regent and went on several foreign trips, including one to England to visit her daughter Adelaide.

IssueEdit

AncestryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Koller, p. 30.
  2. ^ Sandars, Mary F. (Mary Francis) (1915), The life and times of Queen Adelaide, Stanley Paul, p. 44, retrieved 8 May 2017, The State of Saxe-Meiningen was also to provide [Adelaide] with an income of 6,000 florins a year as pin-money.

SourcesEdit

Princess Louise Eleonore of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
Born: 11 August 1763 Died: 30 April 1837
Royal titles
Preceded by
Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Philippsthal
Duchess consort of Saxe-Meiningen
1782-1803
Vacant
Title next held by
Marie Frederica of Hesse-Kassel