Princess Jincheng

Princess Jincheng (Tibetan: ཀྀམ་ཤང་ཁོང་ཅོ་, Wylie: KIm-shang Khong-co,[1] also Tibetan: ཀྀམ་ཤེང་ཁོང་ཅོ་, Wylie: KIm-sheng Khong-co;[2] Chinese: 金城公主; pinyin: Jīnchéng Gōngzhǔ; Wade–Giles: Chin-ch'eng Kung-chu, c. 698 – 739), surnamed Li, was a member of a minor branch of the royal clan of the Chinese Tang dynasty.

Princess Jincheng
金城公主
ཀྀམ་ཤང་ཁོང་ཅོ་
Tsenmo
Empress consort of Tibet
Tenure710–739
Born698
Tang China
Died739 (aged 40–41)
Tibetan Empire
SpouseMe Agtsom or Lha
HouseHouse of Li
House of Yarlung (by marriage)
FatherLi Shouli

Princess Jincheng was a daughter of Li Shouli, a prince of Tang China.[3] She grew up in the court and was regarded by Emperor Zhongzong of Tang as a foster daughter.

Emperor Zhongzong received an ambassador sent by Empress Dowager Khri ma lod of the Tibetan Empire requesting a marriage alliance between the future emperor, Tridé Tsuktsen, and a Tang princess.[4] [5]Emperor Zhongzong conferred the title of Princess Jincheng upon his foster daughter and, in 710, a minister of Tibet arrived to collect her. On his arrival, Emperor Zhongzong entertained the minister by having his sons-in-law play ball sports with him.[6] Princess Jincheng was then married to the Tibetan emperor Me Agtsom, in accordance with the heqin policy.

The princess is usually regarded as the consort of Me Agtsom. However, Christopher Beckwith has been suggested that Lha, the de-facto Tibetan Emperor who ruled briefly in 704 to 705, was the person who actually received the Princess Jincheng as bride in 710, though this is very unclear.[7]

Princess Jincheng was expected to act as an ambassador to the Tibetan Empire and assist as a Tang diplomat to the Tibetan court. In one case, she solved a dispute between the Tibetan and Tang envoys by erecting a plaque to mark the two territories.[8] In 723, unhappy with her marriage, Princess Jincheng ask for asylum with the King of Kashmir, but she was persuaded to remain in Tibet. The Emperor Zhongzong, saddened by the loss of his daughter, requested that poems be written in her honor. The poet Wang Zhihuan answered with "Beyond the Border", a reference to her trip through Yumen Pass. [9][10]

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Old Tibetan Annals, ITJ 0750". Archived from the original on 1 Jan 2018. (177) ste / btsan mo kIm shang khong co ra sa'I sha tsal du gshegs / dgun btsan po stangs dbyal brag mar na bzhugs
  2. ^ "Old Tibetan Annals, ITJ 0750". Archived from the original on 1 Jan 2018. (282) pa las nongs / btsan po yab dgun bod yul du slar gshegs / btsan mo kIm sheng khong co nongs par lo chig
  3. ^ Liu (945), volume 7.
  4. ^ Liu (945), volume 107.
  5. ^ "Princess Jinching". 15 December 2018.
  6. ^ Liu (945), volume 107.
  7. ^ Christopher Beckwith, The Tibetan empire in Central Asia. Princeton 1987, pp. 69-70.
  8. ^ Liu (945), volume 7.
  9. ^ "Princess Jinching". 15 December 2018.
  10. ^ "Three Hundred Tang Poems/Beyond the Border - Wikibooks, open books for an open world".

Works citedEdit