Princess Ernestine of Saxe-Weimar

Princess Ernestine of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (Ernestine Auguste Sophie; 4 January 1740 in Weimar – 10 June 1786 in Hildburghausen) was a princess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Hildburghausen.

Princess Ernestine
Duchess of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Ernestine of Saxe-Weimar duchess of Saxe-Hildburghausen.JPG
Tenure1 July 1758 – 23 September 1780
Born(1740-01-04)4 January 1740
Died10 June 1786(1786-06-10) (aged 46)
SpouseErnest Frederick III, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen
IssueSophie, Hereditary Princess of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Princess Caroline of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
Ernestine Auguste Sophie
HouseHouse of Wettin (by birth)
House of Saxe-Hildburghausen
(by marriage)
FatherErnest Augustus I, Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
MotherMargravine Sophie Charlotte of Brandenburg-Bayreuth


Ernestine Auguste Sophie was a daughter of the Duke Ernest August I of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and his second wife, Margravine Sophie Charlotte of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, daughter of George Frederick Charles, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth.

On 1 July 1758, she married in Bayreuth Ernest Frederick III, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen (1727–1780). The marriage was arranged at the behest of her aunt the Queen Sophie Magdalene of Denmark. She had been the groom's mother in law during his earlier marriage. Ernest Frederick Charles was heavily indebted and the dowry Ernestine brought in was significant.

Carl Barth describes the Duchess as follows: "... apart from a fine half-squint of one eye, she was a beautiful, well-built lady who occupied herself passionately with music (French horn, flute, piano and violin!). She fought, rode, hunted on horseback and on foot like a man, usually in the whole Amazon costume and tightly fitting trousers of deerskin, sitting on horseback Amazon style. She personally led the knightly exercises of the Crown Prince".[1]

Christian Friedrich von Stocmeier (d. 1807) was appointed steward. His policies improved the country's tight financial situation, but he could not prevent a national bankruptcy. In 1769 the country was placed under imperial sequestration and a debit commission attempted to consolidate the financial situation.

After the death of her husband in 1780 she retired completely. She lived in the so-called Fischbergsche house on the market of Hildburghausen and dealt mainly with music. Prince Joseph of Saxe-Hildburghausen exercised guardianship of her son Frederick, who was still a minor.


married in 1776 Duke Francis Frederick Anton, duke of Saxe-Coburg (1750–1806)
  • Christine Sophie Karoline (1761–1790)
married in 1778 Prince Eugene of Saxe-Hildburghausen (1730–1795)
married in 1785 Charlotte Georgine Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1769–1818)

References and sourcesEdit

  • Heinrich Ferdinand Schöppl: The Dukes of Saxe-Altenburg, Bolzano 1917, reprint Altenburg 1992
  • Dr. Rudolf Armin Human: History of the City of Hildburghausen, Hildburghausen 1886


  1. ^ Heinrich Ferdinand Schöppl: The Dukes of Saxe-Altenburg, Bolzano 1917, reprint Altenburg 1992 p. 73
Princess Ernestine of Saxe-Weimar
Born: 4 January 1740 Died: 10 June 1786
German royalty
Preceded by Duchess consort of Saxe-Hildburghausen
1 July 1758 – 23 September 1780
Succeeded by