Princess Charlotte of Denmark

Princess Louise Charlotte of Denmark (Danish: Charlotte af Danmark; 30 October 1789 – 28 March 1864) was a Danish princess, and a princess of Hesse-Kassel by marriage to Prince William of Hesse-Kassel. She played an important role in the succession crisis in Denmark in the first half of the 19th century.

Charlotte of Denmark
Princess of Hesse-Kassel
Louise Charlotte of Denmark.jpg
Portrait by August Schiøtt, c. 1830-39
Born(1789-10-30)30 October 1789
Christiansborg Palace, Copenhagen
Died28 March 1864(1864-03-28) (aged 74)
Christiansborg Palace, Copenhagen
(m. 1810)
IssueCaroline Frederica
Marie Luise Charlotte
Louise, Queen of Denmark
Auguste Sophie
Sophie Wilhelmine
FatherFrederick, Hereditary Prince of Denmark
MotherSophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin


Charlotte of Denmark

She was born in Christiansborg Palace to Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Denmark and Norway, and Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.

On 10 November 1810 in Amalienborg Palace she married Prince William of Hesse-Kassel. Her spouse was in Danish service from his youth, and the family lived in Denmark.

Princess Charlotte was described as wise, practical and thrifty, keeping the finances of her household under strict control.[1] She had some interest in art and poetry, and reportedly felt herself to be a Danish patriot.[2] Charlotte played some part in the succession crisis which occurred because her half first cousin, King Frederick VI of Denmark, lacked a male heir. She supported the solution that her branch of the family should succeed to the throne, and because of this, she opposed the Schleswig-Holstein matter.[3]

In 1839, her brother Christian VIII of Denmark succeeded their cousin on the throne, and during his reign, Charlotte had an important position at the Danish royal court in Copenhagen because her brother favored that her line of the family should succeed to the throne after his male line had died out.[4]

In 1848, her brother died and was succeeded by his childless son, her nephew, king Frederick VII of Denmark. In 1850, the Danish government was pressured by the Empire of Russia to discontinue its support of her line in the succession order in favor of the Duke of Oldenburg, her son-in-law. Christian of Oldenburg had displayed anti-Danish sentiment during the recent war, and when gehejmeråd F.C. Dankwart, on behalf of the government, issued the demand that she should renounce her and her son's right to the throne in favor of her son-in-law, she replied: "It is impossible: the Danish people would under no circumstance accept as King a Prince from a house that has made war against Denmark, and that is so hostile toward us".[5] In exchange, she demanded that the House of Oldenburg purchase the Duchy of Hesse and declare it a kingdom, so that her son Frederick could "Switch one Kingdom for another".[6] After having been persuaded that her terms were impossible and that Christian of Oldenburg in fact had good support for his claim, she agreed to renounce her and her son's claims to the throne.[7]

On 18 July 1851, she and her son Frederick renounced their claims to the Danish throne in favour of her daughter Louise, who in turn renounced it in favour of her spouse.

Louise Charlotte is the matrilineal great-grandmother of Nicholas II of Russia, William IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg and George V.

She died in Christiansborg Palace.




  1. ^ Dansk biografisk Lexikon / III. Bind. Brandt - Clavus (in Danish)
  2. ^ Dansk Biografisk Leksikon, 1933-44
  3. ^ Dansk Biografisk Leksikon, 1933-44
  4. ^ Dansk Biografisk Leksikon, 1933-44
  5. ^ Dansk Biografisk Leksikon, 1933-44
  6. ^ Dansk Biografisk Leksikon, 1933-44
  7. ^ Dansk Biografisk Leksikon, 1933-44