Princess Charlotte of Wales (born 2015)

Princess Charlotte of Wales (Charlotte Elizabeth Diana; born 2 May 2015) is a member of the British royal family. She is the second child and only daughter of William, Prince of Wales, and Catherine, Princess of Wales. A granddaughter of King Charles III, she is third in the line of succession to the British throne.

Princess Charlotte
Queen Elizabeth II Platinum Jubilee 2022 - Platinum Pageant (52124830349) (cropped2).jpg
Princess Charlotte in 2022
BornPrincess Charlotte of Cambridge
(2015-05-02) 2 May 2015 (age 8)
St Mary's Hospital, London, England
Charlotte Elizabeth Diana[a]
FatherWilliam, Prince of Wales
MotherCatherine Middleton


Princess Charlotte was born on 2 May 2015 in the Lindo Wing of St Mary's Hospital, London, at 08:34 BST, during the reign of her great-grandmother Queen Elizabeth II as the second child of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge.[1] Several landmarks were illuminated pink to mark her birth, including Tower Bridge, the London Eye, and the Trafalgar Square fountains;[2] there were also gun salutes at Hyde Park and the Tower of London.[3] On 4 May, her name was announced as Charlotte Elizabeth Diana,[4] honouring her grandfather Charles ("Charlotte" being a feminine form of "Charles"), her great-grandmother, and her grandmother Diana, Princess of Wales.[5][6] She has been affectionately nicknamed "Lottie" and "Mignonette" by her parents.[7][8]


On 5 July 2015, Charlotte was christened by the Archbishop of Canterbury at St Mary Magdalene Church, Sandringham, the same church where her paternal grandmother was christened in 1961. Her godparents are her parents' cousins Laura Fellowes and Adam Middleton, and family friends Thomas van Straubenzee, James Meade, and Sophie Carter.[9] Princess Charlotte wore the royal christening gown, and the ceremony used the Lily Font, which was made for Princess Victoria,[9] with water from the River Jordan.[10]

The family lived in Anmer Hall in Norfolk during Charlotte's infancy, before moving to primarily living in Kensington Palace in 2017.[11][12] In 2022, the family moved to Adelaide Cottage in Windsor Home Park.[13] On 8 September 2022, Charlotte's great-grandmother Elizabeth II died and was succeeded as monarch by her grandfather as Charles III. As such, Charlotte became third in line to the throne.[14][15] The next day, Charlotte's parents were made the Prince and Princess of Wales giving her the new title of "Princess Charlotte of Wales".[16][17]


Charlotte started her education at the Willcocks Nursery School, near her family's home in Kensington Palace, in January 2018.[18] She joined her brother Prince George at Thomas's School in Battersea in September 2019, where she was known as Charlotte Cambridge.[19] Charlotte and her siblings began attending Lambrook, an independent preparatory school in Berkshire in September 2022 soon after her family relocated to Adelaide Cottage in Windsor.[20][21]

Official appearances

Charlotte with her parents and brothers on the Buckingham Palace balcony at Trooping the Colour 2019

On 11 June 2016, she made her first public appearance, which was on the balcony of Buckingham Palace during Trooping the Colour.[22] She accompanied her parents and elder brother, George, on their royal tour of Canada in September 2016[23] and on their diplomatic visit to Poland and Germany in July 2017.[24] In December 2019, Charlotte and George both attended their first Sandringham Christmas Day Service at St Mary Magdalene.[25][26][27]

In March 2020, she joined her siblings, George and Louis, in an online video to applaud key workers during the coronavirus pandemic.[28] In September 2020, they met David Attenborough; Kensington Palace subsequently released a video of them asking Attenborough questions regarding environmental conservation.[29][30] On 11 December 2020, the children made their first red carpet appearance accompanying their parents to the London Palladium for a performance of a pantomime held to thank key workers for their efforts during the pandemic.[31][32][33] On 20 June 2021, Charlotte and George accompanied their father to start a Father's Day half-marathon race for the Run Sandringham event on the Sandringham Estate.[34][35][36]

On 29 March 2022, Charlotte accompanied her parents and elder brother to a service of thanksgiving for the life of the late Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.[37][38] On 2 June 2022, during her great-grandmother's Platinum Jubilee celebration weekend, Charlotte and her siblings made their debut in the Trooping the Colour carriage procession.[39] The procession was followed by a flypast, during which all three Cambridge children joined their parents, The Queen, and other working royals on the Buckingham Palace balcony.[39] A couple of days later, on 4 June, Charlotte and George made their first official visit to Wales with their parents, where they attended concert rehearsals in Cardiff Castle, part of the Platinum Jubilee celebrations.[40][41] Later that same day, Charlotte and George accompanied their parents to the Platinum Party at the Palace.[42]

The next day, on 5 June, Charlotte attended the Platinum Jubilee Pageant with her parents and brothers.[43][44] Following the pageant she joined her parents, brothers, the Queen, the Prince of Wales, and the Duchess of Cornwall on the Buckingham Palace balcony.[45][46]

On 19 September 2022, Charlotte and her elder brother Prince George, accompanied their parents to the state funeral of their paternal great-grandmother Queen Elizabeth II.[47] On 6 May 2023, she attended the coronation of her grandfather at Westminster Abbey alongside her parents and two siblings.[48]

In the media

Despite the efforts of her parents to shelter their children from the press,[49] each photograph or public appearance of Charlotte has caused a media frenzy.[50] According to shopping statistics and polls among parents, Charlotte is a major children's style icon. Retailers, particularly in clothing, benefit greatly from their products appearing in photographs of the young princess. The phenomenon has been termed as the "Princess Charlotte effect" or "Charlotte effect".[50][51][52] Brand Finance have estimated that she will be worth more than £3 billion to the British economy throughout her lifetime.[50] In July 2018, Reader's Digest valued her at $5 billion or £3.8 billion.[53]

Title and styles

Charlotte is a British princess with the official style and title "Her Royal Highness Princess Charlotte of Wales".[54] Before her father was created Prince of Wales on 9 September 2022, Charlotte was styled "Her Royal Highness Princess Charlotte of Cambridge".[55]


Charlotte is third in the line of succession to the British throne, behind her father and elder brother.[56][57] Due to the implementation of the Perth Agreement, which replaced male-preference primogeniture with absolute primogeniture, she did not move down the line of succession upon the birth of her younger brother, Prince Louis, in April 2018; making her the first British princess to rank above a brother in the line of succession.[58]

See also


  1. ^ As a member of the royal family entitled to be called Her Royal Highness, Charlotte does not usually use a family name. But when one is needed, it is usually Mountbatten-Windsor.


  1. ^ "Royal baby: William and Kate present daughter to the world". BBC News. 2 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  2. ^ "Royal baby: Princess's first night at Kensington Palace". BBC News. 3 May 2015. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  3. ^ "Royal baby: London gun salutes mark birth of princess". BBC News. 4 May 2015. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
  4. ^ "The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge name their baby" (Press release). Clarence House. 4 May 2015. Retrieved 7 May 2015.
  5. ^ "Royal princess named Charlotte Elizabeth Diana". BBC. London. 4 May 2015. Archived from the original on 7 May 2015. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
  6. ^ "Princess Charlotte Elizabeth Diana: why William and Kate made their name choices for royal baby". The Daily Telegraph. London. 4 May 2015. Archived from the original on 6 May 2015. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
  7. ^ Ledbetter, Carly (23 May 2019). "Prince William Has The Sweetest French Nickname For Princess Charlotte". HuffPost. Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  8. ^ Duboff, Josh (March 2019). "Like Her Brother, Princess Charlotte Has a Fun Nickname". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 23 November 2020.
  9. ^ a b "Princess Charlotte is christened at a Sandringham church". BBC News. 5 July 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  10. ^ "Princess Charlotte". 22 February 2016.
  11. ^ Duboff, Josh. "Kate Middleton and Prince William Are Officially Moving to London This Fall". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 31 May 2021.
  12. ^ Nicholl, Katie. "William and Kate Will Move into Anmer Hall Before the New Baby Arrives". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 31 May 2021.
  13. ^ Wylie, Catherine (3 September 2022). "Cambridges have moved into new Windsor home, sources say". Evening Standard. Retrieved 9 September 2022.
  14. ^ "Royal Family tree: William confirmed as Prince of Wales". BBC News. 9 September 2022. Retrieved 10 September 2022.
  15. ^ "Queen Elizabeth II has died". BBC News. 8 September 2022. Retrieved 9 September 2022.
  16. ^ "William and Kate named Prince and Princess of Wales by the King". BBC News. 9 September 2022. Retrieved 9 September 2022.
  17. ^ Saxena, Astha; Whilding, Alex (9 September 2022). "Prince George, Princess Charlotte and Prince Louis get new titles". CambridgeshireLive. Retrieved 9 September 2022.
  18. ^ "Princess Charlotte to start nursery school in January". BBC. 18 December 2017. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  19. ^ Napoli, Jessica (24 May 2019). "Princess Charlotte to attend same school as brother Prince George". Fox News. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
  20. ^ Elston, Laura (22 August 2022). "Lambrook: Inside George, Charlotte and Louis' new £7,000-per term school". The Independent. Retrieved 22 August 2022.
  21. ^ Haq, Sana Noor (8 September 2022). "Royal children George, Charlotte and Louis arrive for first day at new school". CNN. Retrieved 8 August 2022.
  22. ^ "Princess Charlotte makes her balcony debut at Trooping the Colour – AOL Lifestyle". 11 June 2016. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  23. ^ Canada (1 October 2016). "Prince William, Kate and children bid farewell to Canada as royal tour ends". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  24. ^ Hunt, Peter (17 July 2017). "George and Charlotte join Poland and Germany diplomacy tour". BBC. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  25. ^ Mackelden, Amy (25 December 2019). "Prince George & Princess Charlotte Show Some Festive Cheer on Christmas Day". Harper's BAZAAR. Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  26. ^ ELLE, Team (26 December 2019). "Princess Charlotte Was Gifted An Inflatable Flamingo At Sandringham Christmas Service". ELLE. Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  27. ^ Roberts, Kayleigh (29 December 2019). "Prince William Had Prince George & Princess Charlotte Practice Their Sandringham Christmas Walk". Marie Claire Magazine. Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  28. ^ Young, Sarah (27 March 2020). "Clap for our carers: Harry and Meghan join Prince George, Charlotte and Louis in applause for NHS workers". The Independent. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
  29. ^ "Royal children quiz Sir David Attenborough". BBC News. Retrieved 2 January 2021.
  30. ^ Taylor, Elise (3 October 2020). "The Cambridge Kids Have Some Adorable Questions for Sir David Attenborough". Vogue. Retrieved 2 January 2021.
  31. ^ "Prince William and Kate make red carpet debut with royal children". BBC News. 11 December 2020. Retrieved 2 January 2021.
  32. ^ Foussianes, Chloe (11 December 2020). "Prince George, Princess Charlotte, and Prince Louis Make Surprise Appearance at the London Palladium". Town & Country. Retrieved 2 January 2021.
  33. ^ Jones, Tony; Rowlands, Robert (12 December 2020). "Adorable photo as William and Kate take kids to Christmas panto". CambridgeshireLive. Retrieved 2 January 2021.
  34. ^ "Prince William kicks off Sandringham race on Father's Day". BBC News. 21 June 2021. Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  35. ^ Stephens, Max (20 June 2021). "Duke of Cambridge kicks off half marathon at Sandringham alongside Prince George and Princess Charlotte". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  36. ^ Betancourt, Bianca (21 June 2021). "Prince George and Princess Charlotte Join Prince William for a Casual Father's Day Outing". Harper's BAZAAR. Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  37. ^ "George, Charlotte make surprise appearance at Prince Philip memorial service". ABC News. Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  38. ^ "Kate Middleton Reassured Princess Charlotte As They Walked Into Prince Philip's Memorial Service". Marie Claire Magazine. 29 March 2022. Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  39. ^ a b Hallemann, Caroline (4 June 2022). "Prince George and Princess Charlotte Join Their Parents on a Visit to Wales". Town & Country. Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  40. ^ "Platinum Jubilee: William and Kate at Cardiff show rehearsal". BBC News. 4 June 2022. Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  41. ^ Kindelan, Katie. "Prince George, Princess Charlotte visit Cardiff Castle for Queen Elizabeth II's Platinum Jubilee". ABC News. Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  42. ^ LeGardye, Quinci (4 June 2022). "Prince George and Princess Charlotte Enjoy Jubilee Concert Alongside William and Kate". Harper's BAZAAR. Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  43. ^ Meyer, David (5 June 2022). "Prince Louis steals the show — again — on final day of Platinum Jubilee". The New York Post. Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  44. ^ "Family day out for royal family at Platinum Jubilee Pageant". The Oldham Times. Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  45. ^ Owen, Emma (5 June 2022). "Platinum Jubilee: Queen 'humbled and touched' by celebrations". BBC News. Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  46. ^ Hui, Sylvia; Kirka, Danica (5 June 2022). "And she waved: Festive pageant caps queen's Platinum Jubilee". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  47. ^ Coughlan, Sean (18 September 2022). "George and Charlotte to join Westminster Abbey mourners". BBC News. Archived from the original on 18 September 2022. Retrieved 18 September 2022.
  48. ^ Petit, Stephanie; Andaloro, Angela (6 May 2023). "Prince George, Princess Charlotte and Prince Louis Arrive at Grandfather King Charles' Coronation". People. Retrieved 6 May 2023.
  49. ^ Hunt, Peter (29 September 2016). "Prince George and Princess Charlotte in Canada play day". BBC News. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  50. ^ a b c Spedding, Emma (1 May 2016). "The Princess Charlotte Effect: inside the clothing frenzy caused by a Royal one-year-old". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 12 January 2022. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  51. ^ Proudfoot, Jenny (21 August 2019). "Here's why Princess Charlotte is worth more than her brothers". Marie Claire. Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  52. ^ Taylor, Elyse (24 July 2018). "This is why Princess Charlotte is worth billions more than her brothers Prince George and Prince Louis". Vogue Australia. Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  53. ^ "Princess Charlotte is worth a billion dollars more than Prince George", by Markeeta Waddington,
  54. ^ LeGardye, Quinci (10 September 2022). "Prince George, Princess Charlotte, and Prince Louis Receive New Titles". Yahoo News UK. Retrieved 6 October 2022.
  55. ^ "Royal princess named Charlotte Elizabeth Diana". BBC News. 4 May 2015. Retrieved 6 October 2022.
  56. ^ "The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge are expecting their second child" (Press release). Clarence House. 8 September 2014. Archived from the original on 8 September 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2014.
  57. ^ "Duchess of Cambridge pregnant with second child". BBC News. 8 September 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2014.
  58. ^ "Royal baby: Duchess of Cambridge gives birth to new prince". BBC News. 23 April 2018. Retrieved 23 April 2018.

External links

Princess Charlotte of Wales (born 2015)
Born: 2 May 2015
Lines of succession
Preceded by Succession to the British throne
3rd in line
Followed by
Prince Louis of Wales
Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom
Preceded by Ladies
HRH Princess Charlotte of Wales
Followed by
Princess Lilibet of Sussex