Princess Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt

Princess Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt (German: Marie Auguste Wilhelmine von Hessen-Darmstadt) (14 April 1765 – 30 March 1796) was Duchess consort of Zweibrücken by marriage to Maximilian, Duke of Zweibrücken, and the mother of King Ludwig I of Bavaria.

Augusta Wilhelmine
Portrait der Pfalzgräfin Auguste Wilhelmine von Pfalz-Zweibrücken (1765-1796).jpg
Portrait by Johann Heinrich Schröder, 1790.
Duchess consort of Zweibrücken
Tenure1 April 1795 – 30 March 1796
Born(1765-04-14)14 April 1765
Darmstadt, Germany
Died30 March 1796(1796-03-30) (aged 30)
Rohrbach, Germany
German: Marie Auguste Wilhelmine
FatherPrince George William of Hesse-Darmstadt
MotherCountess Maria Louise Albertine of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg


Augusta Wilhelmine was born at Darmstadt, the fourth daughter and ninth child of Prince George William of Hesse-Darmstadt (second son of Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt) and Countess Maria Louise Albertine of Leiningen-Falkenburg-Dagsburg.


On 30 September 1785, in Darmstadt, Augusta Wilhelmine married Maximilian, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken (later King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria).

Maximilian was an officer in the French army stationed at Strasbourg, but the couple also often visited Paris.[1] There Augusta Wilhelmine met Queen Marie Antoinette, with whom she maintained an ongoing correspondence.

In 1789, Maximilian's regiment rose in revolt and he and Augusta Wilhelmine fled to her parents' home in Darmstadt.[2] For the next five years, they lived mostly in the neighboring town of Mannheim. In December 1794, the French army attacked Mannheim. Augusta Wilhelmine fled the city when her home was shelled by French artillery.[3]

Duchess of ZweibrückenEdit

In April 1795 Maximilian succeeded his brother as reigning Duke of Zweibrücken; however, his duchy was entirely occupied by the French. In March 1796 Augusta Wilhelmine, who had always had delicate lungs, finally succumbed and died at Rohrbach [de].[4] She was buried in the Schlosskirche in Darmstadt.[5]


She had five children:



  1. ^ Egon Caesar Corti, Ludwig I of Bavaria (London: Thornton Butterworth, 1938), 15.
  2. ^ Corti, 19.
  3. ^ Corti, 21.
  4. ^ Corti, 24.
  5. ^ Hans Rall, Wittelsbacher Lebensbilder von Kaiser Ludwig bis zur Gegenwart (Munich: Wittelsbacher Ausgleichsfonds), 142.
  6. ^ Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 70.


  • Winkler, Wilhelm. "Die Mutter König Ludwig I. von Bayern nach ungedruckten Briefen", Die Wächter (1924).