Princess Élisabeth Charlotte of Lorraine

Élisabeth Charlotte Gabrièle of Lorraine (21 October 1700 – 4 May 1711) was a Princess of Lorraine. She died of smallpox aged 10. She was the Titular Abbess of Remiremont.

Élisabeth Charlotte
Abbess of Remiremont
Largillière, circle of - Élisabeth Charlotte of Lorraine - Palazzo Reale, Genoa.png
Born(1700-10-21)21 October 1700
Ducal Palace of Nancy, Lorraine
Died4 May 1711(1711-05-04) (aged 10)
Château de Lunéville, Lorraine
Burial
Église Saint-François-des-Cordeliers, Nancy, Lorraine, France
Names
Élisabeth Charlotte Gabrièle de Lorraine
HouseLorraine
FatherLéopold de Lorraine
MotherÉlisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans

BiographyEdit

Élisabeth Charlotte Gabrièle de Lorraine was born at the Ducal Palace of Lorraine, in Nancy, the capital of the Duchy of Lorraine in which her father was the reigning Duke. Her mother a member of the House of Bourbon, then ruling the Kingdom of France.

She was the couple's first daughter and second child, an older brother had been born the previous year.

Her father, Leopold, Duke of Lorraine, had wanted her to become the Abbess of the prestigious abbey at Remiremont,[1] a Benedictine abbey near Remiremont, Vosges. The abbey had been closely associated with the House of Lorraine, many of its abbesses being members of the Lorraine family. Her father pressed the then abbess, Dorothea Maria of Salm to press the Professors in Sorbonne, the historic University of Paris in Paris. Louis XIV, her mother's uncle, instead imposed Élisabeth Charlotte as sovereign of the territory.[1] Despite this, the professors did not reply before her death[1] aged 10.

The princess died of smallpox at the Château de Lunéville ("country residence" of the Dukes of Lorraine) having passed the illness to her other brother, the Hereditary Prince of Lorraine and their younger sister Marie Gabrièle Charlotte. The three children died within seven days of each other. She was buried in the Ducal Crypt at the Church of Saint-François-des-Cordeliers, Nancy, France.

Her younger brother Francis Stephen became the Holy Roman Emperor. Her youngest sister, Anne Charlotte, whom she never met, was later Abbess of Remiremont. At the time of her death, her mother was pregnant with a future Queen of Sardinia.

AncestryEdit

References and notesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Christensen, Martin K.I. "Women in Power 1700-1740". Retrieved 2010-03-02. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)