Prince Albert of Prussia (1837–1906)

Prince Albert of Prussia (Friedrich Wilhelm Nikolaus Albrecht; 8 May 1837 – 13 September 1906) was a Prussian general field marshal, Herrenmeister (Grand Master) of the Order of Saint John from 1883 until his death, and regent of the Duchy of Brunswick from 1885, also until his death.

Prince Albert
Prince Albrecht of Prussia in 1883.jpg
Born(1837-05-08)8 May 1837
Berlin, Prussia
Died13 September 1906(1906-09-13) (aged 69)
Kamenz
Burial
Spouse
(m. 1873; died 1898)
Issue
Names
Friedrich Wilhelm Nikolaus Albrecht
HouseHohenzollern
FatherPrince Albert of Prussia
MotherPrincess Marianne of the Netherlands

BiographyEdit

He was born in Berlin, the son of Prince Albert of Prussia (1809–1872) and his wife Princess Marianne (1810–1883), daughter of King William I of the Netherlands. His father was a brother of King Frederick William IV of Prussia and of William I, German Emperor.

Albrecht entered the Prussian army in 1847, serving in the First Schleswig War and participating in the battles of Skalitz, Schweinschädel and Königgrätz in the Austro-Prussian War in 1866. In the Franco-Prussian War in 1870 he commanded a guard cavalry brigade at Gravelotte and Sedan. After the fall of the Second Empire, he was subordinated to Edwin von Manteuffel in the fighting around Bapaume and St. Quentin. In 1874 he became commander of the X Corps stationed in Hannover. In 1883 he succeeded his uncle prince Charles as Herrenmeister of the Order of Saint John (Bailiwick of Brandenburg).

In 1885, Albert was chosen as Regent for the Duchy of Brunswick, as German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck had removed Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover, from office.[1] In 1913 Ernst August's son Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick became Duke of Brunswick who only reigned for 5 years and 6 days. After accepting the regency, Albert and Marie resided chiefly in Brunswick, Berlin, and Kamenz.[1]

Prince Albrecht died at Schloss Kamenz in 1906. He was buried in the Mausoleum auf dem Hutberge in the park of Schloss Kamenz. After World War II, the mausoleum was plundered and the bodies of Albert and his wife were reburied in the park.[2]

Marriage and issueEdit

On 9 April 1873 in Berlin he married Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg (1854–1898), daughter of Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg (1826–1908) and his wife Agnes of Anhalt-Dessau (1824–1897). Albert's parents had been unhappily married to each other and were later divorced. His decision to wait until he was 36 before marrying is thought to have been a reflection of his parents' marital situation.[3]

Their children were:

Honours and awardsEdit

German honours[4]
Foreign honours[4]

AncestryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Memorial Notices", The Manchester Guardian, 11 October 1898
  2. ^ "Saxe-Altenburg". Royaltyguide.nl. Archived from the original on 26 May 2011. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
  3. ^ "A Royal Marriage", The New York Times, Berlin, 7 May 1873
  4. ^ a b Handbuch über den Königlich Preußischen Hof und Staat (1906), Genealogy p. 4
  5. ^ Lehmann, Gustaf (1913). Die Ritter des Ordens pour le mérite 1812–1913 [The Knights of the Order of the Pour le Mérite] (in German). 2. Berlin: Ernst Siegfried Mittler & Sohn. p. 474.
  6. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Herzogtum Anhalt (1867) "Herzoglicher Haus-orden Albrecht des Bären" p. 17
  7. ^ a b Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Baden (1873), "Großherzogliche Orden" pp. 34, 48
  8. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Baden (1873), "Großherzogliche Orden" p. 64
  9. ^ Braunschweig, Staat (Hg.) (1905): Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Herzogtums Braunschweig für 1905. In: Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Herzogtums Braunschweig 1905. p. 11
  10. ^ Staatshandbuch für die Herzogthümer Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha (1865), "Herzogliche Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden" p. 20
  11. ^ Hessen-Kassel (1856). Kurfürstlich Hessisches Hof- und Staatshandbuch: 1856. Waisenhaus. p. 12.
  12. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Hessen (1879), "Großherzogliche Orden und Ehrenzeichen" p. 12
  13. ^ Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Großherzogtums Oldenburg0: 1879. Schulze. 1879. p. 32.
  14. ^ Staatshandbuch für das Großherzogtum Sachsen / Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach (1874), "Großherzogliche Hausorden" p. 14
  15. ^ Staatshandbuch für den Freistaat Sachsen: 1865/66. Heinrich. 1866. p. 4.
  16. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreich Württemberg (1907), "Königliche Orden" p. 28
  17. ^ "A Szent István Rend tagjai" Archived 22 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ Italia : Ministero dell'interno (1898). Calendario generale del Regno d'Italia. Unione tipografico-editrice. p. 54.
  19. ^ "Militaire Willems-Orde: Preussen, Friedrich Wilhelm Nikolaus Albrecht Prinz von" [Military William Order: Prussia, Frederick William Nicholas Albert, Prince of]. Ministerie van Defensie (in Dutch). 25 August 1878. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
  20. ^ "Caballeros de la insigne orden del toisón de oro", Guía Oficial de España (in Spanish), 1905, p. 143, retrieved 6 July 2020
  21. ^ "Real y distinguida orden de Carlos III", Guía Oficial de España (in Spanish), 1905, p. 148, retrieved 4 June 2020
  22. ^ Norges Statskalender (in Swedish), 1890, pp. 593–594, retrieved 2018-01-06 – via runeberg.org

External linksEdit

  Media related to Prince Albert of Prussia (1837–1906) at Wikimedia Commons


Prince Albert of Prussia (1837–1906)
Born: 8 May 1837 Died: 13 September 1906
Preceded by
Friedrich Carl Alexander, Prinz von Preußen
Herrenmeister (Grand Master) of the Order of Saint John
1883–1906
Succeeded by
Eitel Friedrich, Prinz von Preußen