Prince Albert of Prussia (1809–1872)
Prince Frederick Henry Albert of Prussia (German: Friedrich Heinrich Albrecht; 4 October 1809 – 14 October 1872) was the fifth son and youngest child of King Frederick William III of Prussia and Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. His parents had fled to East Prussia after the occupation of Berlin by Napoleon, and Albert was born in Königsberg. Two of Albert's elder brothers were Frederick William IV, King of Prussia from 1840 till 1861, and William I, King of Prussia from 1861 to 1888 and German Emperor from 1871 until 1888.
|Born||4 October 1809|
|Died||14 October 1872 (aged 63)|
Charlottenburg Palace Park Mausoleum, Berlin
|Father||Frederick William III of Prussia|
|Mother||Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz|
In 1819 he joined the Prussian Army as a lieutenant and held the rank of a general of cavalry in 1852. He took part in the 1866 Austro-Prussian War as a cavalry corps commander at the battles of Gitschin and Königgrätz. In the Franco-Prussian War of 1870/71 he led a cavalry division at the battles of Wissembourg, Wörth and Sedan. He later joined the forces of his nephew Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia and Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin in the campaign against the Armée de la Loire.
- Charlotte (b. Schloss Schönhausen, near Berlin, 21 June 1831 - d. Meiningen, 30 March 1855), married on 18 May 1850 with the future Georg II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen.
- A son (Prinz-Albrecht-Palais, Wilhelmstraße, near Berlin, 4 December 1832). He was either stillborn or lived only a few hours.
- Albert (b. Berlin, 8 May 1837 - d. Kamenz, 13 September 1906), married Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg, had 3 sons.
- Elisabeth (b. Kamenz, 27 August 1840 - d. Kamenz, 9 October 1840).
- Alexandrine (b. Berlin, 1 February 1842 - d. Schloss Marley, near Potsdam, 26 March 1906), married on 9 December 1865 to Duke William of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
In Berlin on 13 June 1853, Albert married secondly Rosalie Wilhelmine Johanna von Rauch, daughter of Gustav von Rauch, chief of the Prussian General Staff 1812-1813 and Prussian Minister of War 1837–1841. She was created Countess of Hohenau on 28 May 1853. They had two sons:
- Georg Albrecht Wilhelm, Count of Hohenau (b. Albrechtsberg Castle, 25 April 1854 - d. Bad Flinsburg, 28 October 1930). He married to Princess Margarethe of Hohenlohe-Öhringen (1865-1940), daughter of Hugo zu Hohenlohe-Öhringen.
- Bernhard Wilhelm Albrecht Frederick, Count of Hohenau (b. Albrechtsberg Castle, 21 May 1857 - d. Ochelhermsdorf, 15 April 1914).
As this second union was considered a morganatic marriage, the couple temporarily had to avoid the Prussian court. Albert acquired a vineyard in Loschwitz near Dresden, Saxony, where he had a residence, Albrechtsberg Castle, erected in 1854.
In 1830 Albert had acquired a city palace in Berlin on Wilhelmstraße, then called Prinz-Albrecht-Palais. An adjacent street off Wilhelmstraße laid out in 1891 was named Prinz-Albrecht-Straße. After the Nazi Machtergreifung it became notorious as the seat of the Gestapo and the Reichsführer-SS. The Prinz-Albrecht-Palais itself from 1934 served as the headquarters of the SS Sicherheitsdienst under Reinhard Heydrich, from 1939 the Reichssicherheitshauptamt. In 1944 the building was heavily damaged by air raids and finally razed to the ground in 1955, leaving the foundations and cellars exposed to the open air. They remain so today, and are used as part of the Topography of Terror project.
- German orders and decorations
- Knight of the Black Eagle, 4 October 1819; with Collar, 1827
- Grand Cross of the Red Eagle, with Oak Leaves and Swords
- Pour le Mérite (military), 31 July 1866; with Oak Leaves, 31 December 1870
- Knight of the Prussian Crown, 1st Class with Swords
- Grand Commander of the Royal House Order of Hohenzollern
- Service Award Cross
- Hohenzollern: Cross of Honour of the Princely House Order of Hohenzollern, 1st Class with Swords
- Hesse-Kassel: Knight of the Golden Lion, 5 September 1841
- Ascanian duchies: Grand Cross of Albert the Bear, 29 November 1854; with Swords, 12 September 1864
- Brunswick: Grand Cross of Henry the Lion
- Hesse-Darmstadt: Grand Cross of the Ludwig Order, 6 July 1851
- Mecklenburg: Grand Cross of the Wendish Crown, with Crown in Ore
- Oldenburg: Grand Cross of the Order of Duke Peter Friedrich Ludwig, with Golden Crown, 18 September 1861
- Saxony: Knight of the Rue Crown, 1854
- Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach: Grand Cross of the White Falcon, 11 November 1842
- Ernestine duchies: Grand Cross of the Saxe-Ernestine House Order, 1850
- Württemberg: Grand Cross of the Württemberg Crown, 1841
- Foreign orders and decorations
- Austrian Empire:
- French Empire: Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour, 1858
- Kingdom of Greece: Grand Cross of the Redeemer
- Netherlands: Grand Cross of the Netherlands Lion
- Ottoman Empire: Sword of Honour
- Kingdom of Portugal: Grand Cross of the Tower and Sword
- Two Sicilies: Grand Cross of St. Ferdinand and Merit
- Russian Empire:
- The Peerage – Friedrich Heinrich Albrecht Prinz von Preußen
- Genealogical database by Herbert Stoyan[permanent dead link] [retrieved 18 June 2014].
- Preußen (1868). Handbuch über den Königlich Preußischen Hof und Staat: für das Jahr .... 1868. Decker. p. 6.
- Liste der Ritter des Königlich Preußischen Hohen Ordens vom Schwarzen Adler (1851), "Von Seiner Majestät dem Könige Friedrich Wilhelm III. ernannte Ritter" p. 18
- Lehmann, Gustaf (1913). Die Ritter des Ordens pour le mérite 1812–1913 [The Knights of the Order of the Pour le Mérite] (in German). 2. Berlin: Ernst Siegfried Mittler & Sohn. p. 461.
- Staat Hannover (1857). Hof- und Staatshandbuch für das Königreich Hannover: 1857. Berenberg. pp. 32, 64.
- Kurfürstlich Hessisches Hof- und Staatshandbuch: 1856. Waisenhaus. 1856. p. 11.
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Herzogtum Anhalt (1867) "Herzoglicher Haus-orden Albrecht des Bären" p. 17
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Baden (1869), "Großherzogliche Orden" pp. 54, 65
- Hesse (Germany) (1870). Hof- und Staats-handbuch des Grossherzogtums Hessen. p. 9.
- Staat Oldenburg (1870). Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Großherzogtums Oldenburg: für ... 1869/70. Schulze. p. 29.
- Sachsen (1866). Staatshandbuch für den Freistaat Sachsen: 1865/66. Heinrich. p. 4.
- Staatshandbuch für das Großherzogtum Sachsen / Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach (1869), "Großherzogliche Hausorden" p. 11
- Staatshandbücher für das Herzogtum Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha (1854), "Herzogliche Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden" p. 29
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreich Württemberg (1869), "Königliche Orden" p. 31
- "A Szent István Rend tagjai" Archived 22 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- M. & B. Wattel (2009). Les Grand'Croix de la Légion d'honneur de 1805 à nos jours. Titulaires français et étrangers. Paris: Archives & Culture. p. 509. ISBN 978-2-35077-135-9.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
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